Faithlife Sermons

2 Samuel 2:1-11

2 Samuel  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
0 ratings
· 1 view
Notes & Transcripts
Sermon Tone Analysis
A
D
F
J
S
Emotion
A
C
T
Language
O
C
E
A
E
Social
View more →

Who is Honourable?

Where can we see David being honourable even as he embarks on his new position as king?
He inquired where he should go () so as to know where to start his reign.
He didn’t go alone:
He took his wives with him () - note they’re mentioned first (hint for the guys);
And his men ().
Men of Judah anointed him king (), David doesn’t parade in and ask where’s the crown?! (Humility)
He honoured the men of Jabesh-Gilead for what they had done in recovering and burying the body of King Saul and his sons ().
He recognised the honour they displayed to their lord ();
Informs them of his anointing as king and hoping that they too would display the same kindness they showed to their master to him ().

Abner

However, Abner doesn’t consult the Lord with his choice and he continues the lineage of Saul by appointing his son Ishbosheth as king. And this would be a natural choice.
Abner could very easily have justified his decision by saying it was what everybody else did.

Ish-bosheth

I thought King Saul’s sons died in battle?
1 Samuel 31:2 KJV 1900
And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, Saul’s sons.
1 Samuel 31:6 KJV 1900
So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
So his three sons which went to battle with him and who perished were:
Jonathan
Jonathan
Abinadab
Malchishua
Obviously Scripture doesn’t say that all of King Saul’s sons went to battle, but Ishbosheth was held back - possibly as a caution, possibly because Saul hedged his bets with regards to Samuel’s prophecy.
But when we read the listing of King Saul’s sons in we read:
Was Ishbosheth
If we then turn to Chronicles we read the following:
1 Chronicles 8:33 KJV 1900
And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchi-shua, and Abinadab, and Esh-baal.

Who is Esh-baal?

Is it Ish-bosheth?
The substitution of bosheth (“shame”) for baal (“lord”) was not uncommon when the term acquired its idolatrous connotation (cf. )
Elwell, W.A. & Comfort, P.W., 2001. Tyndale Bible dictionary, p.884.
Elwell, W.A. & Comfort, P.W., 2001. Tyndale Bible dictionary, p.884.
Let’s see if we can connect the dots, let’s first start with a strange recording in Scripture a little further in 2 Samuel, where David is speaking and quoting a previous incident recorded for us in Scripture:
2 Samuel 11:21 KJV 1900
Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
2 Samuel 11:21 KJV 1900
Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
Let’s read this same incident:
This is showing the difference in language even at this time - as seen in where Gideon’s name, Jerubbaal is changed to Jerubbesheth.
Here David is referring to an incident which was previously recorded in
Judges 9:51–52 KJV 1900
But there was a strong tower within the city, and thither fled all the men and women, and all they of the city, and shut it to them, and gat them up to the top of the tower. And Abimelech came unto the tower, and fought against it, and went hard unto the door of the tower to burn it with fire.
Judges 9:52–53 KJV 1900
And Abimelech came unto the tower, and fought against it, and went hard unto the door of the tower to burn it with fire. And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech’s head, and all to brake his skull.
Judges 9:
Judges 9:
And we know by looking at the start of this chapter of who Abimelech was:
Judges 9:1 KJV 1900
And Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem unto his mother’s brethren, and communed with them, and with all the family of the house of his mother’s father, saying,
So, in Judges we have Abimelech’s father listed as Jerubbaal (Gideon), yet in , Daniel is quoting his name as Jerubbesheth.

Why the difference?

The substitution of bosheth (“shame”) for baal (“lord”) was not uncommon when the term acquired its idolatrous connotation (cf. )
Elwell, W.A. & Comfort, P.W., 2001. Tyndale Bible dictionary, p.884.
2 Samuel 11:21 KJV 1900
Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
This is showing the difference in language even at this time - as seen in where Gideon’s name, Jerubbaal is changed to Jerubbesheth.
Therefore, Ish-bosheth is the same name as Esh-baal, just as we’ll also soon see of Merribaal, who later becomes known as Mephibosheth - again the baal at the end of his name is changed to bosheth.
It has been conjectured that the three sons of Saul were born from Ahinoam, Saul’s wife:
1 Samuel 14:50 KJV 1900
And the name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul’s uncle.
1 Samuel 14:49–50 KJV 1900
Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchi-shua: and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal: And the name of Saul’s wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul’s uncle.
It then appears later that King Saul had other sons through a concubine, Rizpah:
2 Samuel 21:8 KJV 1900
But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:
So altogether King Saul’s 8 children were 6 sons & 2 daughters:
Jonathan
Ishui (died young?)
Abinadab / Ishui
Melchi-shua
Ish-bosheth
Merab (daughter)
Michal (daughter)
Armoni (Rizpah)
Mephibosheth (Rizpah)
It’s also probable that King Saul and his wife didn’t want to change the suffix of their child’s name to “man of shame”. And therefore, by changing it to “Ishui” it means “he rules” (HIBD).
Could it therefore be likely that Saul purposefully left him behind knowing that he would be the next ruler should he perish in battle?

Why the 5.5 year gap of reigning?

It is assumed that since the Philistines captured the surrounding towns and cities after the battle against King Saul, that Abner and his men needed to restore Israel back to the rightful possessor by fighting for this period of time to reinstate their king.
Also, it is deemed that David patiently waited upon the opportunity to seize upon the throne upon the death of Ishbosheth, and then subsequently the death of Abner, as David was then perceived as being a bloody man, which Shimei echoes:
2 Samuel 16:8 KJV 1900
The Lord hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned; and the Lord hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son: and, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief, because thou art a bloody man.
2 Samuel 16:7–8 KJV 1900
And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial: The Lord hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned; and the Lord hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son: and, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief, because thou art a bloody man.

Cautions:

Seeking employment, seeking promotion, be careful - the beginning of prosperity is a time of peculiar danger!
The strength acquired during seasons of preparation will show itself in continued dependence on the guidance and blessing of God.
God was faithful in preserving David during his time of sojourn in the wilderness and when King Saul was pursuing him, now that David no longer had the threat he still yet trusted on God in direction.
Related Media
Related Sermons