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Intro to Corinth, Pt. 2

"Love never fails..." 1 Cor. 13  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Before we begin...

(a) Audience and (b) Letter

Church at Corinth

According to 1 Cor., who were some of the saints there?
Chloe & “those of Chloe”
Gaius ()
Baptized by Paul
“Host of the whole church”
Church met in his home?
just really hospitable?
Stephanas & household
Baptized by Paul
“firstfruits of Achaia” (16:15)
Fortunatus
Achaicus
Man who had his father’s wife as his own
Apollos
Apollos
1 Corinthians 3:1–10 LEB
And I, brothers, was not able to speak to you as to spiritual people, but as to fleshly people, as to infants in Christ. I gave you milk to drink, not solid food, for you were not yet able to eat it. But now you are still not able, for you are still fleshly. For where there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not fleshly, and do you not live like unregenerate people? For whenever anyone says, “I am with Paul,” and another, “I am with Apollos,” are you not merely human? Therefore, what is Apollos and what is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, and to each as the Lord gave. I planted, Apollos watered, but God was causing it to grow. So then, neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but God who is causing it to grow. Now the one who plants and the one who waters are one, but each one will receive his own reward according to his own labor. For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field, God’s building. According to the grace of God given to me, like a skilled master builder I laid a foundation, and another is building upon it. But each one must direct his attention to how he is building upon it.
ESVBut I, brothers, could not address you as spiritual people, but as people of the flesh, as infants in Christ. I fed you with milk, not solid food, for you were not ready for it. And even now you are not yet ready, for you are still of the flesh. For while there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not of the flesh and behaving only in a human way? For when one says, “I follow Paul,” and another, “I follow Apollos,” are you not being merely human? What then is Apollos? What is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, as the Lord assigned to each. I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth. So neither he who plants nor he who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth. He who plants and he who waters are one, and each will receive his wages according to his labor. For we are God’s fellow workers. You are God’s field, God’s building. According to the grace of God given to me, like a skilled master builder I laid a foundation, and someone else is building upon it. Let each one take care how he builds upon it.
Paul first brought them the gospel (laid the foundation), then Apollos continued the work (building on top of the foundation). Who was Apollos?
Acts 18:24–28 LEB
Now a certain Jew named Apollos, a native Alexandrian, arrived in Ephesus—an eloquent man who was well-versed in the scriptures. This man had been instructed in the way of the Lord, and being enthusiastic in spirit, he was speaking and teaching accurately the things about Jesus, although he knew only the baptism of John. And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue, but when Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside and explained the way of God to him more accurately. And when he wanted to cross over to Achaia, the brothers encouraged him and wrote to the disciples to welcome him. When he arrived, he assisted greatly those who had believed through grace. For he was vigorously refuting the Jews in public, demonstrating through the scriptures that the Christ was Jesus.
Acts 19:1 LEB
And it happened that while Apollos was in Corinth, Paul traveled through the inland regions and came to Ephesus and found some disciples.
LEBAnd it happened that while Apollos was in Corinth, Paul traveled through the inland regions and came to Ephesus and found some disciples.
Who was Apollos?
Jew from Alexandria
2nd most important city beside Rome, center for education, Alexandrian Library, Lighthouse of Alexandria - 1 of the “Seven Wonders of the World”, LXX birthplace, 2nd largest population of Jews behind Jerusalem
eloquent
competent in the Scriptures
fervent in spirit
bold
great help to Corinth
great orator
The Corinthians had turned Apollos into a stumbling block.
Good orator - celebrity status
Exactly what Paul addresses in
1 Corinthians 4:1 LEB
Thus let a person consider us as servants of Christ and stewards of God’s mysteries.
1 Corinthians 4:6 LEB
Now I have applied these things, brothers, to myself and Apollos for your sake, in order that in us you may learn not to go beyond what is written, lest someone be inflated with pride on behalf of one person against the other.
LEBThus let a person consider us as servants of Christ and stewards of God’s mysteries.
LEBNow I have applied these things, brothers, to myself and Apollos for your sake, in order that in us you may learn not to go beyond what is written, lest someone be inflated with pride on behalf of one person against the other.
Moral of the story: these were real people with real families, jobs, needs, setbacks, problems, convictions, etc. It really helps to see them as such.
Otherwise, the church becomes a faceless, lifeless group that is easy to criticize and disregard.

Paul’s Letter to the Corinthians

Homework!
Read 1 chapter of 1st Corinthians very, very carefully and note any issue that Paul addresses or alludes to in the chapter.
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