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The Basis of God's Family

Romans  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Romans 9:1–29 KJV 1900
I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son. And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
Romans

Big Idea: God’s work is not fair, but it is just.

God’s work is not fair, but it is just.
Do we value consistency over correctness? Do we have the courage to do what is right in our families, work, etc?
Romans 9:1–5 KJV 1900
I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Paul’s love for the Jewish people was a reflection of God’s.

In our evangelism: do we love people because God does?
Do you treat your waitress or waiter with the same love and generosity that Jesus would?
Do we treat the weak and the destitute kindly because God loves them?
If someone is slow in front of us in the grocery store or the DMV, do we see them through our eyes or God’s? “Give me your eyes”
Non-Christian: Christians love you because we are convinced that God loves you. Not on the basis of your behavior, but on the basis of His choice.
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Romans 9:6–13 KJV 1900
Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son. And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.

God has not abandoned His people.

True Israel is the overlap. The original context is that, although Israel might fall, they would always rise up, unlike Esau.
Public life: USA has not replaced Israel, like Rome had not, as God’s favored people.
Marriage/family: If we reflect God’s love, will we abandon our spouse or choose love?
Spurgeon: My difficulty is not in understanding how God said He hated Esau, but how he loved Jacob!
Luke 14:26 KJV 1900
If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
God’s love is not something we force or deserve. He is the king, and has not chosen to set His love on those who behave above a certain bar, those who vote the right way or have the right color of eyes, but those who believe.
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Romans 9:14–29 KJV 1900
What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
Context of Moses quote: God revealing Himself in , after the Israelites had worshipped the golden calf. God has chosen to have mercy and compassion, despite their undeservedness.
Pharaoh was raised up to his position of power, to allow him to seal his own choice. Hebrew word for “hardened” = “strengthened.” God uses Pharaoh's choice of unbelief to bring other people to belief.
It should be “although God was willing,” here. His patience was not to increase His wrath (although that may be true, it is not the grammar here). God showed His mercy for a lifetime, even though He knew their end. It is the right of the potter to use His vessel for His purposes.
His patience with sin should lead us to repentance - cf
If God can promise in Hosea to restore backslidden Israel, how much more can he add the Gentiles.
The Israelites did not remain because they were better. On fairness, they were not any better than Sodom and Gomorrah. We all get better than we deserve.

God has sovereignly given mankind choice.

Saved person - do you live a life of intense gratitude? Does the love and patience God has shown for you spill out onto every other element of your life? Gregory of Nicea said that Basil of Caeserea had an ambidextrous faith. He wasas ready to take afflictions with his left hand as he was pleasure with his right.
Romans 9:2–3 KJV 1900
That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
Paul wished he could be damned to save His brothers and sisters. He wished that, although their hearts were hardened, there was some way he could take their punishment. But there would be no point! One of their kinsmen already had.
Lost person - you cannot come to God on your own worth. There will be no patting yourself on the back in Heaven. Will you trust Him?
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