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Jesus Christ, Son of God

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A title emphasising Jesus Christ’s deity, his office as Messiah and his pre-eminence as the object of the church’s faith and worship and as the content of its gospel.

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“Son of God” in the OT

Israel as God’s son

Exodus 4:22–23 NKJV
22 Then you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Israel is My son, My firstborn. 23 So I say to you, let My son go that he may serve Me. But if you refuse to let him go, indeed I will kill your son, your firstborn.” ’ ”
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The future Messiah/king as God’s Son

Psalm 2:7 NKJV
7 “I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.
See also ; ; ; Jesus Christ perfectly fulfils all the OT promises concerning God’s son, whether referring originally to Israel or to the Messiah.

Jesus Christ is the Son of God

Jesus Christ affirms he is God’s Son

John 10:36 NKJV
36 do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’?
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The Father affirms Jesus Christ is his Son

Matthew 3:17 NKJV
17 And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
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Others affirm Jesus Christ is God’s Son

Matthew 14:33 NKJV
33 Then those who were in the boat came and worshiped Him, saying, “Truly You are the Son of God.”
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Demons affirm Jesus Christ is God’s Son

Mark 5:7 NKJV
7 And he cried out with a loud voice and said, “What have I to do with You, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I implore You by God that You do not torment me.”
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“Son of God” as a taunt

By the devil in the wilderness:

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By the crowd at the cross:

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“Son of God” stresses Jesus Christ’s deity

Jesus Christ is the Son of God the Father

In John’s Gospel in particular, the terms Son/Father are used many times to speak of Jesus Christ’s unique relationship with God.
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“Son of God” implies Jesus Christ’s equality with God

John 5:18 NKJV
18 Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God.
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“Son of God” implies Jesus Christ’s obedience to the Father

John 5:19 NKJV
19 Then Jesus answered and said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner.
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Jesus Christ as “Son of God” is the Messiah

“Son of God” as a Messianic title for Jesus Christ

Matthew 26:63–64 NKJV
63 But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest answered and said to Him, “I put You under oath by the living God: Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God!” 64 Jesus said to him, “It is as you said. Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
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“Son of God” as one sent by God

Galatians 4:4 NKJV
4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
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Grounds for regarding Jesus Christ as the Son of God

The virgin birth

Luke 1:35 NKJV
35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God.

Jesus Christ’s resurrection

Romans 1:3–4 NKJV
3 concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, 4 and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.

Jesus Christ’s works

John 10:36–38 NKJV
36 do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? 37 If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me; 38 but if I do, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and believe that the Father is in Me, and I in Him.”
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Jesus Christ’s oneness with the Father

John 10:30 NKJV
30 I and My Father are one.”
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Jesus Christ as Son of God is the object of the church’s faith

John 6:40 NKJV
40 And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.”
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Jesus Christ as Son of God is the content of the church’s gospel

Romans 1:9 NKJV
9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers,
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