12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.
2 make my joy complete by being of the same mind, maintaining the same love, united in spirit, intent on one purpose.
12 So then, my beloved, just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your salvation with fear and trembling;
Song: Trust and obey
We can trust God, but that is not enough, we have to obey God.
“Trust and obey are the feet upon which we should walk, the hands in which we should reach out and receive, not only the gift of salvation, but the exceeding great and precious promise which God offers to us in Jesus Christ”
“now as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence”
It seems here that Paul realized that the Philippian believers had been leaning on him, looking for direction, and encouragement, and now He was not with them and they were looking to Jesus.
a. Paul was not with them, they could not see him, they could not hear his voice.
b. He wanted then to relay on Jesus.
c. There is nothing wrong with leaning on another Christians. We are to bear one another burdens. But Jesus is the best one to lean on.
d. No matter what we are going through Jesus is always there for us.
“work out our own salvation”
He did not say work out your own new birth.
a. He did not say work out your own redemption.
b. He did not say, work out your own forgiveness of sin.
c. For us to work out our own salvation, we must first posses that great salvation.
d. Salvation is of the Lord through his grave and power.
13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.
13 for it is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure.
The reason the Philippian believers were to work out their own salvation was that God was working in them.
a. Worketh: means to work effectually; our English word; energy. It is God energizing you.
VS 12-13 tie together responsibility and divine sovereignty.
b. Before salvation, God worked on you, now God works in you. It is the spirit who enables you live in Christ.
c. Jesus in actively within every Christian that is surrendered to Him, that lets Him work in them.
d. The believer had to respond to the working of God in his life if he is going to express characteristic that glorify God.
“both to will and to do His good pleasure”
God gives the will and He energizes the work. As a result of God’s work within us, there is a desire for us to let God do His work.
a. If we do not desire to do the work of God, we have not allowed the spirit of God to move in us.
b. When the spirit of God has full rein in us, He can work in us to us to desire and to do what is His will and His propose.
c. He energies you will. He mobilizes your doing.
d. God changes our “want to”
c. God energizes both the believer’s desire and his actions.
d. God wants Christians to do what satisfies Him.
9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
14 Do all things without murmurings and disputings:
14 Do all things without grumbling or disputing;
“Do all things”
Ealb on some things.
a. Grumbling, complaining, muttering.
b. “The person who is characterized by a complaining attitude is not properly expressing the salvation he possess; therefore, he is not attracting unbelievers to Christ”
a. Without arguing.
b. Normally, where there is grumbling, arguing will follow.
c. This will cause a believer from being the kind of witness he needs to be.
15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;
15 so that you will prove yourselves to be blameless and innocent, children of God above reproach in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you appear as lights in the world,
Blameless: The world is watching us. Unbelievers should not be able to point a finger of accusation at the believer.
a. None of us are perfect, so we have to have the responsibility to face up to our wrong doings we have committed against each other.
Harmless: Pure, innocent: the believer is not tot have mixed motives in what he does. He is not to connive to get his way.
VS 15 b
“shine as lights”
Stars light up the sky and they show Gods glory. We as believers, our light should shine to show Gods glory.
3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.
9 When they heard the king, they departed; and behold, the star which they had seen in the East went before them, till it came and stood over where the young Child was.
15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
We are not commanded to shine, rather he stated that we are shining. It may not be as bright as it ought to be, but it’s shining.
a. Sin will dim a believers light and prevent the reflection of God’s glory through us. We can only shine as we alone Him to shine.
16 Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.
16 holding fast the word of life, so that in the day of Christ I will have reason to glory because I did not run in vain nor toil in vain.
“Holding forth (fast) the the word of life”
a. Hold forth refers to believers holding out or offering something for others to take: as one would offer for or a gift to someone.
b. Elab on what believers have to offer. “word of life”
c. As Christians we study to word, and apply it to our lives in our daily lives and we are to share it.
17 Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.
17 Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all. 18 For the same cause also do ye joy, and rejoice with me.
17 But even if I am being poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and share my joy with you all.
17 But even if I am being poured out as a drink offering upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice and share my joy with you all. 18 You too, I urge you, rejoice in the same way and share your joy with me.
“Being poured out”
The drink offering refers to the topping off of an animal sacrifice. Wine was poured into the burning animal and the wine would vaporize. The steam symbolized the rising of the offering to the God.
a. Paul offered his life as a drink offering, and saw the Philippians as priest who were offering their lives sacrificially and faithfully to God.