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The Noahic Covenant

Genesis  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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The Noahic Covenant

New Beginnings

Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth

Re-giving of blessings and duties from 8:17 which were reiterated from 1700 years before
Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth
spoken to representative heads of the human family (Noah and his sons)
Subdue the earth

The fear of you and the terror of you

The fear of you and the terror of you

The fear of you and the terror of you
Now the animals were not in harmony with man. Things would be different. The fall ruined that harmony. Now there is fear and dread.
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
humans will now hunt animals for foodd

Every moving thing that is alive shall be for food

God permits meat eating
meat eating is not mandated

as I gave the green plants

Similar to
generous permission (every tree of the garden vs every creeping thing)
one prohibition (do not eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil vs flesh with its lifeblood you shall not eat)

you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood

a human body has about 5 liters of blood which circulates in a minute.
contains red cells that contain hemoglobin, a protein that absorbs oxygen in the lungs and releases it at the right time when the body needs it.
blood carries white cells to kill microbes
blood contains platelets which are vital for clotting blood from leaking out
Later the connection between life and blood becomes very important in the Mosaic Law. ()
Later the blood (life) of Messiah atones for the sin of the world

Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed

A new law is introduced. Evidently, murder had become an issue (Cain, Lamech etc)
‘Shedding blood’ is the same as saying murder.
Murders must pay with their life (humans and animals alike)
This was the first command, having reference to the temporal sword. By these words temporal government was established, and the sword was placed in its hand by God. Martin Luther 1483–1546

for in the image of God he made man

The real reason why murder is prohibited is because man is God’s image bearer
God notes the deterrent effect of capital punishment
Deuteronomy 17:12–13 NASB95
“The man who acts presumptuously by not listening to the priest who stands there to serve the Lord your God, nor to the judge, that man shall die; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel. “Then all the people will hear and be afraid, and will not act presumptuously again.
It is important that in regards to what God ordains, we should not let emotions cloud the clear teaching of the Bible (either direction).
Ezekiel 33:11 NASB95
“Say to them, ‘As I live!’ declares the Lord God, ‘I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that the wicked turn from his way and live. Turn back, turn back from your evil ways! Why then will you die, O house of Israel?’
A new economy is introduced. Man must govern himself

God’s plan of the Ages

God Makes a Covenant with Noah

God spoke to Noah and to his sons
concerning a one sided unconditional pact God establishes
Noah never asked. God initiated it
with Noah’s descendants (all mankind) v12
with every living creature
God would never again cut off all flesh by a universal flood of water

The Sign of the Covenant

The sign was a bow in the sky
A visible sign
the bow will be seen in the cloud
A perpetual sign
then I will look upon it to remember the everlasting covenant
A universal sign
all flesh that is on the earth
to remember the everlasting covenant
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