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Luke Week 1

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Facts about Luke
Luke is broken into 4 main parts - Historical, Parable, Passion and eschatological - We will concentrate on the parable.
Longest Gospel…and only one with a sequel - Acts.
Luke was one of the most educated of the disciples.
Luke was a physician and the reason why this gospel has the most accurate historical information.
Luke is the longest book in the New Testament.
Although Paul wrote more books by number, Luke’s writing is more prolific than Paul’s writings.
Book of Luke is addressed to Theophilus. - (Lover of God)
Luke is the only book in the Bible written by a gentile.
Luke paid particular attention to the outcasts of Jewish society, including Gentiles, Samaritans, women, tax collectors, and lepers.
Luke paid particular attention to the outcasts of Jewish society, including Gentiles, Samaritans, women, tax collectors, and lepers.
Luke alone records the 5 great tributes of Christ’s birth.
Elizabeth -
Luke 1:41–45 KJV 1900
And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? For, lo, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy. And blessed is she that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord.
Mary -
Luke 1:46–55 KJV 1900
And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. For he hath regarded the low estate of his handmaiden: For, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. For he that is mighty hath done to me great things; And holy is his name. And his mercy is on them that fear him From generation to generation. He hath shewed strength with his arm; He hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. He hath put down the mighty from their seats, And exalted them of low degree. He hath filled the hungry with good things; And the rich he hath sent empty away. He hath holpen his servant Israel, In remembrance of his mercy; As he spake to our fathers, To Abraham, and to his seed for ever.
Zacharias -
Luke 1:67–79 KJV 1900
And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying, Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; For he hath visited and redeemed his people, And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us In the house of his servant David; As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, Which have been since the world began: That we should be saved from our enemies, And from the hand of all that hate us; To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, And to remember his holy covenant; The oath which he sware to our father Abraham, That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies Might serve him without fear, In holiness and righteousness before him, All the days of our life. And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: For thou shalt go before the face of the Lord To prepare his ways; To give knowledge of salvation unto his people By the remission of their sins, Through the tender mercy of our God; Whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us, To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, To guide our feet into the way of peace.
Angels announcing Christ’s birth -
Luke 2:13–14 KJV 1900
And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace, Good will toward men.
Simeon -
Luke 2:25–32 KJV 1900
And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him. And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law, Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said, Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart In peace, according to thy word: For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people; A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
40% of his gospel is not referred to in the other gospel accounts.
7 miracles only recorded in Luke.
17 parables only recorded in Luke.
• Parable of two debtors (7:40–43)
• Parable of two debtors (7:40–43)
• Parable of the friend at midnight (11:5–8)
• Parable of the rich fool (12:13–21)
• Parable of punishment (12:47–48)
• Parable of the barren tree (13:1–9)
• Parable of the lost coin (15:8–10)
• Parable of the shrewd manager (16:1–12)
• Parable of the rich man and Lazarus (16:19–31)
• Parable of the persistent widow (18:1–8)
• Parable of the Pharisee and the tax collector (18:9–14)
parable of the prodigal son (15:11–32)
Parable of the good Samaritan (10:29–37).
Luke 10:1–3 KJV 1900
After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come. Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth labourers into his harvest. Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves.
Luke 10:1-
Most of Christ followers were motivated by self interest
Matthew 7:13–14 KJV 1900
Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.
John 6:66–69 KJV 1900
From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away? Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life. And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God.
Message of the cross is foolishness
1 Corinthians 1:18 KJV 1900
For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.
Kingdom of God is here
Jesus is absolute Lord.
1 Timothy 6:15 KJV 1900
Which in his times he shall shew, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;
They went in pairs -
Accountability and encouragement-
Ecclesiastes 4:9–12 KJV 1900
Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour. For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up. Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone? And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
Law was established by testimony of two or more -
Deuteronomy 19:15 KJV 1900
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
Essential Elements in Eulogy
Compassion - splangnizomai
Matthew 14:14 KJV 1900
And Jesus went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was moved with compassion toward them, and he healed their sick.
Matthew 15:32 KJV 1900
Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.
Mark 6:34 KJV 1900
And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to teach them many things.
Luke 7:12–15 KJV 1900
Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow: and much people of the city was with her. And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not. And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise. And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother.
Prayer for people to go into the harvest
Obedience to the command - Go not come -
Luke 8:39 KJV 1900
Return to thine own house, and shew how great things God hath done unto thee. And he went his way, and published throughout the whole city how great things Jesus had done unto him.
Trusting in HIs sovereignty - All but one was martyred.
Faithful witness to the message -
Luke 9:1 KJV 1900
Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases.
Go where there is honor.
Don’t seek for better accommodations. False teachers were always looking for best.
Rejection of the message is rejection of Christ -
Luke 10:16 KJV 1900
He that heareth you heareth me; and he that despiseth you despiseth me; and he that despiseth me despiseth him that sent me.
Rejection of the
Six Cities compared
Epitomized evil
Tyre
Sidon
Sodom
Compared cities
Chorazin - small village near Capernaum
Bethsaida - Peter, Philip, and Andrews home town.
That city - any city. It is unspecified.
INDIFFERENCE TO EVIL IS MOST OUTRIGHT REJECTION OF CHRIST
Matthew 12:30 KJV 1900
He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad.
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