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The Book of Daniel 7-12

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The Book of Daniel 7-12

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The Book of

deals with the Historical
deals with the prophetic
Daniel’s role is now as an interpreter
There are four visions/dreams that Daniel has each marked by the reign of a king
1st year of Belshazzar (7:1) - Around 542 BC
3rd year of Belshazzar (8:1) - Around 539 BC
1st year of Darius (9:1) 538 BC
3rd year of Cyrus (10-12) 535 BC
3rd year of Cyrus (10-12)
All these visions took place when Daniel was in his late 70’s to late 80’s. Daniel and John the Apostle were both advanced in years and “beloved” by God when God gave them visions of the future.
NOTE: God can still use you even if your retired from secular work. You are never retired from God’s work!
Chronologically, Chapter 7 should precede chapter 5 & 6.
“There is a strong relationship between chapter two and the vision or second part of Daniel. They all speak of the history of the Gentiles. The visions of the second part of Daniel amplify what was revealed in chapter two of the Gentile nations.
“Also, it is significant that i the first two visions of the four visions in the second part of Daniel, the kingdoms are portrayed as beasts instead of by a giant colossus of a man. Chapter two depicts world rule from the human view, while world domination as seen in in the form of wild beasts is the divine view. Man sees the kingdoms of this world as great exhibitions of human prowess; God looks upon them as being bestial in character.” (Butler)
VIII. VISION OF FOUR BEASTS AND ANCIENT OF DAYS ()
This chapter is the last chapter written in Aramaic
The four crowns or major kingdoms of Gentile history.
Part 1 - INFORMING DANIEL ABOUT THE PARTS (7:1-14)
A. The vision of the four beasts (1-8)
Daniel 7:1 NASB95
In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel saw a dream and visions in his mind as he lay on his bed; then he wrote the dream down and related the following summary of it.
Daniel wrote down the dream
The Septuagint says “While Belshazzar was reigning - acting as king -for the first year...” (Pulpit)
He “wrote down the dream” - it was full of information that needed dissemination
He related the summary of it - The word “sum” means the “head” of something, meaning here the “chief details” of the dream. Non-essentials of the dream are not recorded
NOTE: God gave the first two visions to King Nebuchadnezzar, but these last four visions to Daniel. Perhaps Nebuchadnezzar was not able to handle these visions and the interpretation. Daniel was highly regarded by God (Daniel 10:11)
The beasts of the sea - Out of the sea of people came four empires
Daniel 7:2 NASB95
Daniel said, “I was looking in my vision by night, and behold, the four winds of heaven were stirring up the great sea.
The winds are - the spiritual agencies which God uses to carry out His plans which includes the “prince of the power of the air”. Meaning God is using Satan behind the scenes to create these empires only to be brought down by the Son of God (the stone from the mountain)
“Stirring up” They could also represent the “tumult of the nations” (Larkin)
Ephesians 2:2 NASB95
in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.
The winds are - the spiritual agencies which God uses to carry out His plans
The four winds (2) represent the four corners of the earth, North, South, East, West
The four winds (2) represent the four corners of the earth, North, South, East, West
In other words the whole earth
The Great Sea is the Mediterranean - All four empires are connected geographically to the Mediterranean Sea (by conquering)
Daniel 7:3 NASB95
“And four great beasts were coming up from the sea, different from one another.
Daniel 7:3 NASB95
“And four great beasts were coming up from the sea, different from one another.
Great sea - speaks of the multitudes of people of the earth
Great sea - speaks of the multitudes of people of the earth
The beasts of the sea - Out of the sea of people came four empires, different from one another but from the multitudes of people on the earth
If this is a representation of Nebuchadnezzar’s image (gold, silver etc.) then why does God explain the dream in a different way? Why with “rapacious wild beasts devouring one another” (Larking)? Man sees in them the concentration of wealth, majesty, and power as seen in the ‘golden image’ but God sees them as wild beasts.
Daniel 7:4 NASB95
“The first was like a lion and had the wings of an eagle. I kept looking until its wings were plucked, and it was lifted up from the ground and made to stand on two feet like a man; a human mind also was given to it.
1. Lion (4) Babylon Empire (Devours)
Characteristics of the Babylonian Empire
1. Lion (4)
a. “Lion with wings of an Eagle” - we see a combination of the ‘King of Beasts’ and the ‘King of Birds’, typical of the ‘absolute monarchy’ of Nebuchadnezzar and his conquering flight over the nations.
b. “wings were plucked - Nebuchadnezzar satisfied with his conquests gave himself up to building palaces, and to the pursuits of peace, and from that time the gory of the Empire began to wane.
c. Walk on two feet, instead on four, like a man, and a man’s heart was given it, but otherwise it was still a beast. That it, it no longer resorted to the use of its teeth and claws to overcome its enemies, but to its intellect.
d. “The plucking of the wings may also refer to the insanity of Nebuchadnezzar, and the standing on two feet like a man, and the receiving of a man’s heart, to his recovery from his beastly state, and his humane conduct thereafter.” (Larkin)
Daniel 7:5 NASB95
“And behold, another beast, a second one, resembling a bear. And it was raised up on one side, and three ribs were in its mouth between its teeth; and thus they said to it, ‘Arise, devour much meat!’
2. Bear (5) Medo-Persian Empire (Crushes)
Characteristics of the Medo-Persian Empire
a. The Bear is the strongest beast after the Lion
2. Bear (5)
b. It is distinguished for its voracity
It has non of the agility and majesty of the Lion
c. It has non of the agility and majesty of the Lion
d. It attacks by brute force and sheer strength
It attacks by brute force and sheer strength
“raised up on one side” speaks of the Persian Empire which was stronger then the Medes
“Three ribs” speaks of three territory’s the Persian empire conquered (as to which is up for debate)
They could be Babylonia, Assyria, Syria or Lydia (Western Turkey), Babylon, and Egypt, or perhaps another set of three territories
Persia is more brute as a empire but did not retain the glory and majesty of Babylon therefore portrayed as a inferior (Silver) empire
Daniel 7:6 NASB95
“After this I kept looking, and behold, another one, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird; the beast also had four heads, and dominion was given to it.
3. Leopard (6) Grecian Empire (sucks its victim’s blood)
The Characteristic of the Grecian Empire
3. Leopard (6)
a. Leopard is the most agile and graceful of wild beasts
b. Slight in its frame, but strong, swift and fierce
“A fitting symbol of Alexander the Great who, followed by small but well-equipped and splendidly brave armies, moved with great celebrity and in about ten years overthrew the forces forces of the Persian empire and subdued the whole civilized world” (Larkin)
c. “Four wings of a bird” speaks of swiftness but not as royally victorious as Nebuchadnezzar
It could also speak of the four corners of the earth
d. “Four heads” speaks of four kingdoms into which the Empire of Alexander was divided, namely Thrace, Macedonia, Syria (North), and Egypt (South) This is further explained in chapter 8
Thrace, Macedonia, Syria (North), and Egypt (South)
Daniel 7:7 NASB95
“After this I kept looking in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrifying and extremely strong; and it had large iron teeth. It devoured and crushed and trampled down the remainder with its feet; and it was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns.
4. Dreadful beast (7) Roman Empire
“After this” does not imply a separate vision but following the vision of the leopard
4. Dreadful beast (7)
Characteristics of the Roman Empire
a. Dreadful and hideous to behold - It was a hybrid
b. “Teeth of iron” parallels the “iron legs” of Nebuchadnezzar’s image
c. Devoured, crushed, and trampled down the remainder with its feet - speaks of the way they conquered
d. It had ten horns - just like the ten toes of the former vision - one and the same
These ten horns/toes are kingdoms broken off of the Roman Empire
This belief is confirmed by other historical writers such as The Apocalypse of Baruch (60 BC) and the Fourth book of Esdras (80 AD)
e. It was different from the other beasts
Daniel 7:8 NASB95
“While I was contemplating the horns, behold, another horn, a little one, came up among them, and three of the first horns were pulled out by the roots before it; and behold, this horn possessed eyes like the eyes of a man and a mouth uttering great boasts.
4. Dreadful beast (7)
dan 7
Daniel 7:11–12 NASB95
“Then I kept looking because of the sound of the boastful words which the horn was speaking; I kept looking until the beast was slain, and its body was destroyed and given to the burning fire. “As for the rest of the beasts, their dominion was taken away, but an extension of life was granted to them for an appointed period of time.
5. Little Horn (8,11-12)
a. The “little horn” from the “ten horns” or “toes” was an additional revelation God gave to Daniel that was not given to Nebuchadnezzar. This is due to the fact that these revelations have to do with the Jewish people and not the Gentile nations as a whole.
5. Little Horn (8,11-12)
b. It was speaking boastfully - could speak of the persecution of the saints and/or blaspheming the God of the Jews
c. “Eyes like a man” - could speak of intelligence or great knowledge
d. “three of the first horns were pulled up” means the little horn conquered the other three horns/toes
e. “Beast was destroyed” - Parallels ;
Revelation 13:2–3 NASB95
And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power and his throne and great authority. I saw one of his heads as if it had been slain, and his fatal wound was healed. And the whole earth was amazed and followed after the beast;
Here the beast is wounded
rev 13 2-3
Revelation 19:20 NASB95
And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone.
Here the beast is destroyed
Daniel 7:9–10 NASB95
“I kept looking Until thrones were set up, And the Ancient of Days took His seat; His vesture was like white snow And the hair of His head like pure wool. His throne was ablaze with flames, Its wheels were a burning fire. “A river of fire was flowing And coming out from before Him; Thousands upon thousands were attending Him, And myriads upon myriads were standing before Him; The court sat, And the books were opened.
Dan
Daniel 7:13–14 NASB95
“I kept looking in the night visions, And behold, with the clouds of heaven One like a Son of Man was coming, And He came up to the Ancient of Days And was presented before Him. “And to Him was given dominion, Glory and a kingdom, That all the peoples, nations and men of every language Might serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion Which will not pass away; And His kingdom is one Which will not be destroyed.
6. Ancient of Days/Son of Man (9-10, 13-14)
Daniel gets a glimpse of the Judgment that will fall upon the “Gentile Nations”
The rise of the Final Kingdom (Anti-Christ) is the culmination of the might and power of the “Gentile Nations”. Here we see God’s plan of defeating these nations that is a form of anti-christ each themselves
6. Ancient of Days/Son of Man (9-10, 13-14)
6. Ancient of Days/Son of Man (9-10, 13-14)
This is the “Judgment Scene” and a vision of Christ “Receiving the Kingdom
a. Daniel gets a glimpse of the Judgment that will fall upon the “Gentile Nations”
b. The rise of the Final Kingdom (Anti-Christ) is the culmination of the might and power of the “Gentile Nations”. Here we see God’s plan of defeating these nations that is a form of anti-christ each themselves
c. It includes the multitude of saints by God’s (Jesus) side, His might and power
His might and power
NOTE: The Ancient of Days ‘interrupts’ the rise of the little horn’s (Anti-Christ) description in Scripture
Also, chronologically, Jesus will return with the saints at the second coming and will destroy the beast at the end of the tribulation. This is portrayed here.
Verses 13-14 speaks of the Millennium
Part 2 - INQUIRING BY DANIEL ABOUT THE CROWNS (7:15-28
B. The interpretation (15-28)
Daniel’s confusion
Daniel 7:15 NASB95
“As for me, Daniel, my spirit was distressed within me, and the visions in my mind kept alarming me.
Daniel 7:15–16 NASB95
“As for me, Daniel, my spirit was distressed within me, and the visions in my mind kept alarming me. “I approached one of those who were standing by and began asking him the exact meaning of all this. So he told me and made known to me the interpretation of these things:
Daniel wants to know the exact meaning of all this
1. Symbolism of the four beasts (15-18)
a. Four beasts are four kings who will arise from the earth
b. Saints will receive the kingdom and possess the kingdom forever
2. The forth beast (19-26)
a. The horn wages war with the saints and overpowering them (Israel)
b. Until the Ancient of Days came and judgment was passed in favor of the saints of the Highest One - persecute them, harass, wear them down
c. Will be a fourth kingdom but different from the others
It will devour the whole earth (23)
-Some think it will be just the whole Roman empire (Dake)
It will tread it down and crush it
d. Ten kings will arise (horns) and out of this kingdom another will arise and be different and will subdue three kings
This means the Anti-Christ will defeat three of the ten new kingdoms. This will cause the others to ponder the power of the Anti-Christ and pledge their allegiance to him
e. He will wear down the saints (Jews) of the Most High
Will try to make alterations in times and the law (OT covenants)
The saints will be given into his hand for 3 1/2 years (last half of Tribulation)
The Septuagint suggest all people will be given into his hands (Pulpit)
f. His kingdom will be annihilated and destroyed forever by Jesus Christ at Second coming
3. The reign of the Son of Man (27)
a. The saints will then rule over the sovereignty of all the former kingdoms forever
All dominions will serve and obey the Ancient of Days
4. Daniel’s thoughts (28)
a. The Revelation ended
b. Daniel’s thoughts greatly alarmed
c. Daniel’s face grew pale
d. Daniel kept the matter to himself
When you get a revelation from God, many of these things will happen to you
IX. VISION OF RAM AND GOAT ()
The rest of Daniel is written in the Hebrew language. Why? It has direct references to Jerusalem, the Jews, and the Temple
The purpose is to show Daniel what shall befall the Jews (His People) in the last days
Why? It has direct references to Jerusalem, the Jews, and the Temple
The third year of Belshazzar may have took place in 538 BC, when Babylon fell to the Medes and Persians, or about 550/49 BC depending on how long Belshazzar was co-regent. The vision took probably took place before the fall
Prophecies of Isaiah relate mainly to Christ
Prophecies of Daniel, for the purpose of unveiling, relate mainly to the Anti-Christ
A. The vision of the ram and goat (1-14)
A. The vision of the ram and goat (1-14)
Daniel 8:2 NASB95
I looked in the vision, and while I was looking I was in the citadel of Susa, which is in the province of Elam; and I looked in the vision and I myself was beside the Ulai Canal.
A. The vision of the ram and goat (1-14)
Doesn’t mean he was beside the Ulai river in real life, just in vision
Susa (Shushan) was probably not controlled by Babylon and if it was, he would have been very close to the Persian border which would have put his life in jeopardy. He was about the Kings business.
Daniel 8:27 NASB95
Then I, Daniel, was exhausted and sick for days. Then I got up again and carried on the king’s business; but I was astounded at the vision, and there was none to explain it.
However, it is not clear if he was in Susa or not
1. Ram with two horns (1-4)
a. Ram is Persia
b. Two horns is Medes and Persians
Longer horn is Persia, who became more powerful
c. Ram butting North, South, West - This was the primary thrust of the Medo-Persian Empire
2. The Male Goat - Alexander the Great
a. Coming from the West - Greece
b. Over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground - Alexander conquered the known world in about 10-15 years
c. The Goat had a conspicuous (attracting notice or attention) horn between his eyes - Not from his head - speaks of his great fame and notoriety
d. He attacked the Ram with great wrath - Alexander was known for his hatred of the Persians
e. “In front of the canal” - Alexander would attack Persia on his home turf
f. “Ram had no strength” History supports this. Darius III was the wealthiest Persian Kings with very large armies, yet he could not defeat Alexander with a very small army by comparison
g. “none to rescue him” - Darius III was killed by his own Satrap and cousin Bessus after loosing several key battles against Alexander
h. Goat magnifies himself exceedingly
i. He was mighty yet his horn was broken - died at a young age - Alexander died at 33
j. In his place, four other horns toward the four winds of heaven. These would be the generals that took power after many years of battle. They are:
Cassander - ruled Macedonia and Greece
Lysimachus - ruled Asia Minor, Thrace and Bithynia
Seleucus - ruled the eastern part of Empire (North)
Ptolemy - ruled Egypt and portions of North Africa (South)
3. The Little horn (9-14)
These verses speak of the last days. Remember the how the prophets saw prophecy - from mountain top to mountain top
a. Small horn grew exceedingly great toward the South, East and Beautiful land (Israel)
NOTE: This tells us where the Anti-Christ will come out of. Somewhere in the Greek empire’s territory (This would not include Rome)
Lysimachus - Asia Minor, Thrace and Bithynia
b. “Cause some of the stars to fall to the earth”
Seleucus - Eastern part of Empire (North)
In the Bible and Apocrypha literature, angels are pictured as stars
Job 38:7 NASB95
When the morning stars sang together And all the sons of God shouted for joy?
Ptolemy - Egypt and portions of North Africa (South)
Isaiah 14:12 NASB95
“How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, You who have weakened the nations!
This being the case, the “stars to fall to earth” could mean
Cities or kingdoms have fallen under his power and therefore, symbolically their angels
Luke 10:18 NASB95
And He said to them, “I was watching Satan fall from heaven like lightning.
Revelation 8:12 NASB95
The fourth angel sounded, and a third of the sun and a third of the moon and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them would be darkened and the day would not shine for a third of it, and the night in the same way.
Or it could mean that the fallen angels are behind the power of the Anti-Christ due to his pride
Daniel 8:11 NASB95
It even magnified itself to be equal with the Commander of the host; and it removed the regular sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was thrown down.
c. He magnifies himself to be equal with the Commander of the host - equal with God
d. “He removes the sacrifice” - refers to the temple sacrifices
This is done about half-way through the Tribulation
e. “Sanctuary thrown down” - desecrated
Daniel 8:12 NASB95
And on account of transgression the host will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice; and it will fling truth to the ground and perform its will and prosper.
Dan
f. He will fling truth to the ground - He will establish his own worship (of himself) and deny the truth of a Holy God. He will prosper from it
Daniel hears another holy one speaking...
How long will the holy place (Temple) be trampled? 2300 evenings and morning. Relates to 1050 Days or a little over 38 months. Evening and morning speaks of the sacrifices offered. Months are 30 lunar months according to the Jewish calendar
dan
Daniel 8:26 NASB95
“The vision of the evenings and mornings Which has been told is true; But keep the vision secret, For it pertains to many days in the future.
It pertains to many days in the future (last days)
B. The interpretation (15-27)
1. Daniel’s desire for understanding (15-19)
a. Daniel sees a being that looks like a man who tells Gabriel to give Daniel understanding of the vision (15-16)
b. The vision relates to the time of the end (17) - Referring to 8:9-14. Gabriel also reaffirms this in .
c. Gabriel touches Daniel and he regains his strength (18)
2. Ram (20)
2. Ram (20)
a. Ram is the kings of Media and Persia
3. Goat (21-22)
a. Goat represents Greece
b. Large horn is first King - Alexander the Great
c. Four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise from Alexander’s nation
4. A latter period (23-26)
This speaks of the Anti-Christ (Nine things about him)
Daniel 8:23 NASB95
“In the latter period of their rule, When the transgressors have run their course, A king will arise, Insolent and skilled in intrigue.
a. He will be insolent and skilled in intrigue
b. His power will be mighty by not by his own power
i. He will be insolent and skilled in intrigue
ii. His power will be mighty by not by his own power
c. He will destroy to an extraordinary degree
d. He will prosper and perform hi will
e. He will destroy mighty men and the holy people (Jews)
f. He will be deceitful and succeed by his influence
g. He will magnify himself in his heart
h. He will destroy many while they are at ease
i. He will be broken without human agency
2 Thessalonians 2:8 NASB95
Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming;
5. Daniel’s reaction (27)
2 Thessalonians 2:
2 Peter 1:2 NASB95
Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord;
5. Daniel’s reaction (27)
a. He was exhausted and sick for days
b. He got up and carried on the kings business
This shows the character of Daniel for he would have been in his 80’s and probably would have liked to retire. Yet he served.
c. He was astounded at the vision
d. None could explain it
Remember, we are looking back at history, for Daniel, this history hadn’t been created yet except in the mind of God
X. VISION OF SEVENTY WEEKS ()
First year of Darius 539 BC
He was made King over the Chaldeans (Babylonia)
If he was made king, he didn’t conquer, but filled a position. Cyrus actually conquered Babylon
A. Captivity over (1-2)
A. Captivity over (1-2)
Daniel 9:2 NASB95
in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, observed in the books the number of the years which was revealed as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet for the completion of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.
dan
1. “The books” are the writings of Moses and the prophets
1. “The books” are the writings of Moses and the prophets
2. “number of years” refers to the 70 years of captivity
Jeremiah 25:11 NASB95
‘This whole land will be a desolation and a horror, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
Cyrus will send the captives back home according to:
Isaiah 44:28 NASB95
It is I who says of Cyrus, ‘He is My shepherd! And he will perform all My desire.’ And he declares of Jerusalem, ‘She will be built,’ And of the temple, ‘Your foundation will be laid.’ ”
Cyrus is God’s anointed
Isaiah 45:1 NASB95
Thus says the Lord to Cyrus His anointed, Whom I have taken by the right hand, To subdue nations before him And to loose the loins of kings; To open doors before him so that gates will not be shut:
Cyrus to help the Jews return home and rebuild the temple
B. Prayer (3-19)
2 Chronicles 36:22–23 NASB95
Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—in order to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah—the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all His people, may the Lord his God be with him, and let him go up!’ ”
Cyrus’s Proclamation to rebuild the temple
Ezra 1:2–4 NASB95
“Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. ‘Whoever there is among you of all His people, may his God be with him! Let him go up to Jerusalem which is in Judah and rebuild the house of the Lord, the God of Israel; He is the God who is in Jerusalem. ‘Every survivor, at whatever place he may live, let the men of that place support him with silver and gold, with goods and cattle, together with a freewill offering for the house of God which is in Jerusalem.’ ”
2 Chron
B. Prayer (3-20)
B. Prayer (3-20)
B. Prayer (3-20)
1. He prayed with fasting, sackcloth and ashes - speaks of humility
2. He confesses his sins, and the sins of his people, Israel
3. Notice the different ways of expressing sin (Butler)
Notice the different ways of expressing sin
a. We have sinned (5,8,11,15)
b. We have committed iniquity (5)
c. We have done wickedly (5)
d. We have rebelled (by departing from thy precepts and judgments (5,9)
e. We have not hearkened unto thy servants the prophets (7)
f. We have trespassed (7)
g. We have been disobedient (10,11)
h. We have transgressed (11)
i. We have neglected to pray (13)
4. He speaks of God’s compassion and forgiveness (9)
5. He speaks of God’s power to deliver (15)
6. He concludes with a plea with a humble attitude (supplication)
Daniel 9:18–19 NASB95
“O my God, incline Your ear and hear! Open Your eyes and see our desolations and the city which is called by Your name; for we are not presenting our supplications before You on account of any merits of our own, but on account of Your great compassion. “O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and take action! For Your own sake, O my God, do not delay, because Your city and Your people are called by Your name.”
dan 9
C. Gabriel’s Responds (21-23)
C. Gabriel’s Responds (20-23)
1. “The time of the evening offering” around 3:00 pm
2. “The command was issued” - speaks of God working in an orderly way
3. Due to Daniel’s humility he was considered “highly esteemed” and Gabriel was to give Daniel a message as a result
Many times we don’t hear from God is because we have not humbled ourselves
1 Peter 5:5–6 NASB95
You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble. Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time,
D. Seventy Weeks (24-27)
D. Seventy Weeks (24-27)
Daniel 9:24 NASB95
“Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place.
1. Seventy weeks are seventy sets of seven years or 490 years. It must have related to the “seventy years” of captivity. This is based on:
dan
Numbers 14:34 NASB95
‘According to the number of days which you spied out the land, forty days, for every day you shall bear your guilt a year, even forty years, and you will know My opposition.
This was literally fulfilled therefor a day stands for a year
490 days = 490 years
2. “to seal up the vision and prophecy” speaks of the conclusion of the ‘Times of the Gentiles” or the rule of the Gentile nations
3. Seventy weeks (490 years) to complete the following in relation to the Jews
a. Finish the transgression
b. To make an end of sin
c. To make atonement for iniquity
d. To bring in everlasting righteousness
e. To seal up vision and prophecy
f. To anoint the most holy place
THIS WILL BE TOTALLY FULFILLED AT THE SECOND COMING OF CHRIST
4. The seventy weeks is the most important revelation in many ways
a. It is an interpretation of “Prophetic Chronology”
b. It is the “key” that unlocks the “Scriptures of Truth”
c. It reveals that that seventy weeks only covers the period when the Jews are dwelling in there own land
d. The three eras in the calendar 7, (49 yrs) 62, (434 yrs) 1, (7 yrs)
Daniel 9:25 NASB95
“So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress.
4.
5. THINGS TO REMEMBER:
a. This gives us the time when Messiah will be cut off (483 years from issuing of the degree)
b. It is split between 62 and 7 weeks suggesting there is an undetermined amount of time between them, suggesting it could be longer than 483 years
c. A covenant will be made concerning the last week (tribulation) in which it will be broken half way through it.
d. Each of these weeks, the 69 and 1, relate specifically to the Messiah
Messiah cut off after 62 weeks (“Cut off” could mean his rejection or his death)
e. Many have speculated when the first 69 weeks started and ended.
f. How long is the gap between the 62 and 7 weeks?
g. Which of the many degrees do we start with?
i. First degree - King Cyrus - 536 BC ()
ii. Second degree - King Darius - 519 BC ()
iii. Third degree - King Artaxerxes - 458 BC ()
iv. Fourth degree - King Artaxerxes -445 BC ()
h. Which calendar is to be used? Lunar or solar?
i. The 62 weeks could also represent the approximately 434 silent years between the writing of Malachi around 400 BC (close of the OT) and Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem in 30 AD
j. See chart “Daniel’s 70 Weeks” for a suggested possibility
k. Remember the view of the prophets, seeing the mountains but not the valleys
Daniel 9:26 NASB95
“Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
6. This tells us what will happen between the 69th and 70th week
a. Messiah will be cut off (crucified)
Issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem
Seven weeks and sixty two weeks
Messiah cut off after 62 weeks
XI. INSIGHT INTO SPIRIT WORLD ()
b. Temple will be destroyed. The “prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary” speaks of the people of Titus, not Titus himself. The Anti-Christ will arise from the old Roman Empire
c. There will be a long period covered by wars etc.
7. Daniel’s 70th week is also covered in
For additional study, there are actually four different “70 weeks” found in the Bible in relation to the Jews
For additional study, there are actually four different “70 weeks” found in the Bible in relation to the Jews
From Abraham given the “promise” till the
Abraham to Exodus
Exodus to building of the Temple
Dedication to the Edict of Artaxerxes to restore and rebuild Jerusalem
Daniel’s 70 weeks. (Bear in mind you have to subtract the times when Israel was in servitude such as the 70 years of Babylonian captivity)
A COMPARISON OF , , & REVELATION (Daniel’s 70th Week) (Larkin)
COMPARISON OF , , & REVELATION (Daniel’s 70th Week)
MIDDLE
LAST HALF
FIRST HALF - The “Prince that shall come” (Anti-Christ) makes a 7-year covenant with the Jews
The “Prince that shall come” (Anti-Christ) makes a 7-year covenant with the Jews
The “Prince that shall come”
(Anti-Christ) makes a
7-year covenant with the Jews
MIDDLE - The covenant broken, Sacrifices and Oblations cease
The covenant broken, Sacrifices and Oblations cease
Sacrifices and Oblations cease
LAST HALF - A period of desolations
THE SECOND ADVENT
A period of Desolations
FIRST HALF - Wars, famines, pestilences, earthquakes, & false Christs. These are the beginnings of Sorrows (Matt 24:4-14)
MIDDLE - The appearance of the “Abomination of Desolation” spoken of by Daniel ()
LAST HALF - A period of Tribulation such as there has never been before ()
THE SECOND ADVENT ()
FIRST HALF - The seals and Trumpets ()
MIDDLE - The Dragon cast out on the earth and the incarnates himself in Anti-Christ (;)
LAST HALF - The Vials & The Great Tribulation (-28:24)
THE SECOND ADVENT ()
Chapters 10-12 should belong together without chapter divisions but for clearness they may be divided up into three parts
Chapters 10-12 should belong together without chapter divisions but for clearness they may be divided up into three parts
THE RELATIONSHIP OF SUPERNATURAL BEINGS TO THE EARTH (:1-11:1)
XI. INSIGHT INTO SPIRIT WORLD ()
XI. INSIGHT INTO SPIRIT WORLD ()
THE PRE-WRITTEN HISTORY OF THE KINGS OF THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH ()
THE TIME OF THE END ()
XI. THE RELATIONSHIP OF SUPERNATURAL BEINGS TO THE EARTH ()
XI. THE RELATIONSHIP OF SUPERNATURAL BEINGS TO THE EARTH ()
A. Daniel’s humility (1-3)
Third year of Cyrus fulfills
Some think Darius died after two years. Cyrus would have been the King of Kings so the third year of Cyrus could have been the first year of Cyrus in Babylon or it could have been in 533 BC, three years after Darius’s death
Daniel at this time would have been about 90
1. speaks of a degree King Cyrus gave allowing for the Jews to return home. Daniel did not go
a. Possibly because of his age, he would have been around 90.
b. It may be that God had more revelations to give him and restrained the prophet from going
c. He may have been disappointed in the number of Jews wanting to return and felt it would be better if he stayed in Babylon. :Only 43,320 went back ()
Ezra 2:64 NASB95
The whole assembly numbered 42,360,
He may have been mourning “three full weeks” () due to this disappointment
4.
B. Daniel’s vision (4-6)
1. Twenty-fourth day of the first month (Jewish month of Nisan) which started in March/April. This is the month Passover was celebrated
2. Heddekel (KJV) river is the Tigris River. He was probably there on governmental business
Daniel 10:4 KJV 1900
And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel;
3. There was a certain man
Daniel 10:5–6 NASB95
I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a certain man dressed in linen, whose waist was girded with a belt of pure gold of Uphaz. His body also was like beryl, his face had the appearance of lightning, his eyes were like flaming torches, his arms and feet like the gleam of polished bronze, and the sound of his words like the sound of a tumult.
This parallels Jesus in Revelation
Revelation 1:13–15 NASB95
and in the middle of the lampstands I saw one like a son of man, clothed in a robe reaching to the feet, and girded across His chest with a golden sash. His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters.
C. Daniel’s response (7-9)
Other men felt great dread and they ran away to hid (Much like Paul’s companions on the road to Damascus)
I had no strength
Dressed in fine linen
I retained no natural color
belts/sash of gold
I retained no strength
I fell into a deep sleep
Revelation 1:17 NASB95
When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last,
“When you are most alone you will have most of God” Joseph Parker (English congregational minster 1830-1902) (Moody)
Daniel 10:4–5 NASB95
On the twenty-fourth day of the first month, while I was by the bank of the great river, that is, the Tigris, I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, there was a certain man dressed in linen, whose waist was girded with a belt of pure gold of Uphaz.
Ezra 1:1 NASB95
Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he sent a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying:
ez
“When you are most alone you will have most of God” Joseph Parker (English congregational minster 1830-1902) (Moody)
“Solitude is the ante-chamber of God; only one step more and you can be in His immediate presence” Landor (Moody)
D. Daniel comforted (10-12)
1. Daniel was complimented “O Daniel, man of high esteem (greatly beloved KJV” (11)
2. Daniel was given instruction “understand the words that I am about to tell you and stand upright” (11)
3. Daniel was not to be afraid (12)
4. Daniel’s prayer was answered on the first day (12)
5. Daniel was humble (12)
6. God had responded to Daniels prayer (12)
“To be known in heaven is the best fame” Joseph Parker (Moody)
“To be known in heaven is the best fame” Joseph Parker (Moody)
E. Angelic perspective (13-21)
1. There is an angelic Prince over Persia (13)
2. Michael is one of the chief Princes and Israel’s Prince (21) - probably filled in while the angel spoke with Daniel(13)
3. The angel speaking to Daniel could be Gabriel but that is not certain
The angel intends on revealing to Daniel what will happen to the Jews in the latter days
4. Again, Daniel has lost strength (15-17)
5. The angel touched Daniel and affirms three things (18-19)
a. God’s love for him
b. Peace
c. Take courage and be courageous
Then Daniel regains his strength!
Romans 8:31 NASB95
What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us?
Romans 8:
6. The angels returns to fight the Prince of Persia
7. There is a Prince of Greece (20)
8. The fight was over the interpretation or reading of the visions “writing of truth”. This refers back to Daniel 10:1
Daniel 10:1 NASB95
In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a message was revealed to Daniel, who was named Belteshazzar; and the message was true and one of great conflict, but he understood the message and had an understanding of the vision.
This message was
True
One of great conflict
This is the “writing of truth”
“In , Gabriel tells Daniel that he will unfold the Last Days of this present age by reading out of “the Book of Truth” (NIV). It is staggering to come to understand that there is in heaven a “writing of truth” (NASB) that Gabriel, “who stands in the presence of God” (), could read and that book has specific details about the coming kings and rulers, their children, and so on, 100’s, even 1000’s of years before it will ever happen.” (Until)
“In , Gabriel tells Daniel that he will unfold the Last Days of this present age by reading out of “the Book of Truth” (NIV). It is staggering to come to understand that there is in heaven a “writing of truth” (NASB) that Gabriel, “who stands in the presence of God” (), could read and that book has specific details about the coming kings and rulers, their children, and so on, 100’s, even 1000’s of years before it will ever happen.” (Until)
Daniel 11:1 YLT
‘And I, in the first year of Darius the Mede, my standing is for a strengthener, and for a stronghold to him;
XII. THE PRE-WRITTEN HISTORY OF THE KINGS OF THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH ()
XII. THE PRE-WRITTEN HISTORY OF THE KINGS OF THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH ()
The first year of Darius the Mede could have been also the first year of King Cyrus therefore this is a continuation of chapter 10
A. Persia (2)
Daniel 11:2 NASB95
“And now I will tell you the truth. Behold, three more kings are going to arise in Persia. Then a fourth will gain far more riches than all of them; as soon as he becomes strong through his riches, he will arouse the whole empire against the realm of Greece.
1. “Tell you the truth” or Writing of Truth
2. Only three more kings after Cyrus to arise in Persia
a. Cambyses II — 529-522 BC
b. Pseudo-Smerdis 522-521 BC
c. Darius I — 522-486 BC (Temple of Zerubbabel starts to be rebuilt, Haggai, Zechariah 520 BC)
d. Xerxes I (Ahasuerus) - 486-465 BC (Esther 478-473 BC)
After crushing revolts in Babylon and Egypt, he focused his attention on Greece. He invaded Macedonia (Northern Greece) but was driven back. He cut his losses and came back home. This invasion angered the Greeks so much that they attacked the Persian empire about 150 years later through the leadership of Alexander the Great. It was only then their anger was subsided
3. “Since prophecy touches only upon important events and characters, the remaining kings of Persia are omitted, and prophecy jumps over nearly 150 years to the time of Alexander the Great (336 - 323 BC)” (Larkin)
B. Greece (3
Daniel 11:3 NASB95
“And a mighty king will arise, and he will rule with great authority and do as he pleases.
Daniel 11:3–4 NASB95
“And a mighty king will arise, and he will rule with great authority and do as he pleases. “But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out toward the four points of the compass, though not to his own descendants, nor according to his authority which he wielded, for his sovereignty will be uprooted and given to others besides them.
Dan 11
1. This goes back to the vision of the Ram and the He-Goat (, )
2. “Great authority and do as he pleases” - Alexander the Great
1. This goes back to the vision of the Ram and the He-Goat (, )
Daniel 11:4 NASB95
“But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out toward the four points of the compass, though not to his own descendants, nor according to his authority which he wielded, for his sovereignty will be uprooted and given to others besides them.
3. Speaks of four generals that ruled after Alexander died
2. “Great authority and do as he pleases” - Alexander the Great
4. They were not of his descendant and did not have his authority
3. “
C. King of the South & North (5-20)
These kings were not one individual therefore they are classified as to the territory they come from. Also, in the last days the kings of the North and South will fight again, again being different kings
Also, this prophecy focuses on just two territories because Israel was the “buffer” of both territories and whoever was more powerful was the one who controlled Israel at the time
Although Greece was eventually ruled by four generals, the Greek culture, language and philosophy did not change and everyone grew accustom to the Greeks influence (Hellenism). This was Alexander’s vision. Even the Romans were greatly influenced by the Greek culture and adopted many of their customs the same as the Greeks. leading up the the times of Christ and making it easier to spread the gospel.
1. South grows strong (5)
Daniel 11:5 NASB95
“Then the king of the South will grow strong, along with one of his princes who will gain ascendancy over him and obtain dominion; his domain will be a great dominion indeed.
dan 11 5
a. The king of the South was ruled by Ptolemy Soter, one of Alexander’s generals
b. The South is known as the Ptolemy Empire
c. It includes parts of North Africa and Egypt going up into the land of Canaan
d. His dynasty lasted for three centuries and turned Egypt into a Hellenistic culture and Alexandria into the center of Greek culture
e. He was one of the seven body guards attached to Alexander the Great and was greatly trusted by Alexander (Wiki)
2. Alliance with North, South loses power (6)
Daniel 11:6 NASB95
“After some years they will form an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the South will come to the king of the North to carry out a peaceful arrangement. But she will not retain her position of power, nor will he remain with his power, but she will be given up, along with those who brought her in and the one who sired her as well as he who supported her in those times.
a. The king of the North was Seleucus Nicator
b. He becomes the Seleucid Empire
c. He founded Antioch in 300 BC
d. His territory expands to modern day Iran, Iraq, Syria, and East Turkey
e. “There was peace between Egypt and Syria during the reigns of Ptolemy Soter and Selucus Nicator. But, at length, Ptolemy Soter abdicated in favor of his son Ptolemy Philadelphus, whose half brother Magas had married a daughter of Antiochus Soter, who had succeeded Seleucus Nicator as King of Syria. This marriage led to war between Egypt and Syria. For Magas induced his father-in-law, Antiochus Soter, to declare war against Egypt. Antiochus Soter was succeeded by Antiochus Theos, who continued to war with Ptolemy. At length, “at the end of years,” Ptolemy offered Antiochus Theos, as a bribe for peace, his daughter Berenice with a large dower, on condition that the Syrian King should declare his former marriage to Laodice void, and her two sons illegitimate. This iniquitous compact was carried out. But when Ptolemy Philadelphus died, his daughter Berenice could no longer “retain the power of her arm” for Antiochus Theos put her away, and took back his former wife Laodice. But neither did he himself “stand” for Laodice, distrusting his motives, and eager to secure the crown for her own son, poisoned her husband and so opened the succession to Seleucus Callinicus. Then Laodice persuaded Seleucus to have Berenice assassinated, and her child, who by the articles of her marriage had been made heir to the throne, was also killed, as well as all those who “strenthghened her in those times” (Larkin)
3. Descendants of South attacks North (7-9)
Daniel 11:7–9 NASB95
“But one of the descendants of her line will arise in his place, and he will come against their army and enter the fortress of the king of the North, and he will deal with them and display great strength. “Also their gods with their metal images and their precious vessels of silver and gold he will take into captivity to Egypt, and he on his part will refrain from attacking the king of the North for some years. “Then the latter will enter the realm of the king of the South, but will return to his own land.
a. “Branch of her roots KJV” speaks of an offspring of Berenice’s parents and refers to her brother, Ptolemy Euergetus who succeeded his father Ptolemy Philadelphus. (Larkin)
b. He hastily attacked Syria and took his revenge by putting Laodice to death, captured Seleucia, the fortress of the King of the North
c. He carried back to Egypt 40,000 talents of silver, many princes, 2500 precious vessels and “idol-images” of the gods. Many of the ones Cambyses (Persian king) had taken from the temples of Egypt
d. “latter” speaks of the North
4. Sons of North attacks South (10)
Daniel 11:10 NASB95
“His sons will mobilize and assemble a multitude of great forces; and one of them will keep on coming and overflow and pass through, that he may again wage war up to his very fortress.
a. His (North) is Antiochus III (Great)
b. He assembled a large army and attacked the king of the South Ptolemy Philopater who succeeded Ptolemy Euergetes
c. He seized Tyre and Ptolemais, overflowed and passed through Palestine and marched against Gaza, the fortress of the King of the south in 218 BC (Larkin)
5. King of South fights North, North fights south (11)
Daniel 11:11 NASB95
“The king of the South will be enraged and go forth and fight with the king of the North. Then the latter will raise a great multitude, but that multitude will be given into the hand of the former.
a. Ptolemy Philopater was enraged by the attack by Antiochus III so he assembled an army and defeated him at Raphia, not far from Gaza in 217 BC (Larkin)
6. South wins, prideful heart (12)
Daniel 11:12 NASB95
“When the multitude is carried away, his heart will be lifted up, and he will cause tens of thousands to fall; yet he will not prevail.
a. Ptolemy Philopater could have succeeded in conquering Antiochus III if he pursued him to his capital but he lost his opportunity for supremacy because he was too anxious to return to his sensual pleasures
b. “will not prevail” He will not be strengthened by this battle
7. North rises with greater multitude (13)
Daniel 11:13 NASB95
“For the king of the North will again raise a greater multitude than the former, and after an interval of some years he will press on with a great army and much equipment.
a. Peace lasts 13 years
b. Ptolemy Philopater dies
c. With a great army and much “money in the bank” he marches against Egypt expecting an easy victory
8. Many will rise against the South (14)
Daniel 11:14 NASB95
“Now in those times many will rise up against the king of the South; the violent ones among your people will also lift themselves up in order to fulfill the vision, but they will fall down.
a. Ptolemy Epiphanes is a young king inheriting the throne at age five
b. The Rosetta stone was produced when he was an adult (Wiki)
c. Philip, King of Macedon entered into a league with Antiochus III to divide up the Ptolemy Kingdom
d. “violent ones” speak of wicked Jews. They were called “robbers Jews” because of their conduct. They made it hard for their brethren and thus established the “fulfill the Vision or prophecy KJV” of suffering for Daniel’s people during those times. Antiochus turned against them and cause them “to fall
9. North attacks South (15)
Daniel 11:15 NASB95
“Then the king of the North will come, cast up a siege ramp and capture a well-fortified city; and the forces of the South will not stand their ground, not even their choicest troops, for there will be no strength to make a stand.
a. Antiochus III (Great) attacks the south
b. Israel was under the dominion of the south at this time
c. Sidon was under siege by Antiochus III with Egypt trying to get supplies to it. They failed and Sidon was compelled to surrender. One of Ptolemy “chief commands” Scopas was in Sidon at the time of the surrender
10. North will stay a time in Israel (16)
10. North will stay a time in Israel (16)
Daniel 11:16 NASB95
“But he who comes against him will do as he pleases, and no one will be able to withstand him; he will also stay for a time in the Beautiful Land, with destruction in his hand.
a. Scopas conquered the “Beautiful Land”, Israel on behalf of Ptolemy Epiphanes until Antiochus III forced the surrender of Sidon with Scopas in it. Then Antiochus III was free to do as he pleased
11. North will propose peace, gives daughter, but daughter does no support North (17)
Daniel 11:17 NASB95
“He will set his face to come with the power of his whole kingdom, bringing with him a proposal of peace which he will put into effect; he will also give him the daughter of women to ruin it. But she will not take a stand for him or be on his side.
a. Antiochus III considers diplomacy rather then war. So, as he resides in Israel, he proposes his daughter, Cleopatra to be married to Ptolemy Epiphanes (now age 7). Cleopatra was young as well therefore she is called the “daughter of women”. The marriage is consummated five years later
b. When Cleopatra was older, Antiochus III tried to get her back but Cleopatra stuck by her husband Ptolemy Epiphanes and therefore “will not take a stand for him or be on his side
12. North attacks coastlands, Commander stops, but scorn is repaid (18)
13. North attacks coastlands (18)
12. North attacks coastlands, Commander stops, but scorn is repaid (18)
Daniel 11:18 NASB95
“Then he will turn his face to the coastlands and capture many. But a commander will put a stop to his scorn against him; moreover, he will repay him for his scorn.
dan
13. North attacks coastlands (18)
a. The coastlands speak of Rome
b. Antiochus III is defeated at Magnesia in 190 BC by Scipio Asiaticus “the commander
c. Antiochus III sued for peace and had to relinquish Europe, Asia on the European side, pay 2550 talents down and 1000 talents annually for the next twelve years
13. He returns to his fortress but dies (19)
13. He returns to his fortress but dies (19)
Daniel 11:19 NASB95
“So he will turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble and fall and be found no more.
15. He returns to his fortress but dies (19)
a. While trying to raise money for this tribute, he attempted to plunder the Temple of Bel in Elymais, but the people rose up and slew him (Larkin)
16. New North king arises but life shortened (20)
Daniel 11:20 NASB95
“Then in his place one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom; yet within a few days he will be shattered, though not in anger nor in battle.
a. Antiochus III (Great) was succeeded by his son Seleucus Philopator who was an “oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom”. Due to the heavy tribute, placed upon him, he raised taxes.
b. Some refer the “jewel of his kingdom” to be Jerusalem and Heliodorus, Seleucus Philopator’s treasurer, to go to Jerusalem and take the treasures out of the temple. 2 Maccabees 2:2-3 supports this. Whether this is true or not the Jews would have been taxed heavily
c. Seleucus Philopator reigned about 12 years and historically died by poison or assassination but not in battle. Some say after Heliodorus came back from Jerusalem he poisoned him.
D. The Despicable person from the North (21-45)
D. The Despicable person from the North (21-45)
Remember this is future for Daniel, history in our lives, written down in the “writing of truth” in heaven
1. He seizes kingdom through intrigue (21)
Daniel 11:21 NASB95
“In his place a despicable person will arise, on whom the honor of kingship has not been conferred, but he will come in a time of tranquility and seize the kingdom by intrigue.
Daniel 11:21 NASB95
“In his place a despicable person will arise, on whom the honor of kingship has not been conferred, but he will come in a time of tranquility and seize the kingdom by intrigue.
2. His forces will be defeated (22)
Daniel 11:22 NASB95
“The overflowing forces will be flooded away before him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant.
Daniel 11:22 NASB95
“The overflowing forces will be flooded away before him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant.
3. He will practice deception after an alliance is made (23)
Daniel 11:23 NASB95
“After an alliance is made with him he will practice deception, and he will go up and gain power with a small force of people.
Daniel 11:23 NASB95
“After an alliance is made with him he will practice deception, and he will go up and gain power with a small force of people.
4. During peacetime he will distribute plunder and devise schemes (24)
Daniel 11:24 NASB95
“In a time of tranquility he will enter the richest parts of the realm, and he will accomplish what his fathers never did, nor his ancestors; he will distribute plunder, booty and possessions among them, and he will devise his schemes against strongholds, but only for a time.
5. He will fight the South but fail (25)
Daniel 11:25 NASB95
“He will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South with a large army; so the king of the South will mobilize an extremely large and mighty army for war; but he will not stand, for schemes will be devised against him.
6. Deception (26-27)
Daniel 11:26–27 NASB95
“Those who eat his choice food will destroy him, and his army will overflow, but many will fall down slain. “As for both kings, their hearts will be intent on evil, and they will speak lies to each other at the same table; but it will not succeed, for the end is still to come at the appointed time.
7. His heart against the holy covenant (28)
Daniel 11:28 NASB95
“Then he will return to his land with much plunder; but his heart will be set against the holy covenant, and he will take action and then return to his own land.
8. He returns to the South (29)
Daniel 11:29 NASB95
“At the appointed time he will return and come into the South, but this last time it will not turn out the way it did before.
9. Ships from Kittim will come against him, he will be enraged at the holy covenant (30-39)
Daniel 11:30 NASB95
“For ships of Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.
a. He will show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant (30)
dan 11
Daniel 11:30 NASB95
“For ships of Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.
Daniel 11:31 NASB95
“Forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.
dan
b. He will desecrate the sanctuary (31)
b. He will desecrate the sanctuary (31)
c. Do away with the regular sacrifice (31)
d. Abomination of desolation (31)
Daniel 11:31 NASB95
“Forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.
Daniel 11:32 NASB95
“By smooth words he will turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will display strength and take action.
d. Abomination of desolation (31)
e. Tun to godlessness those who act wickedly toward covenant (32)
e. Tun to godlessness those who act wickedly toward covenant (32)
f. Many will fall by the sword (33-35)
Daniel 11:33–35 NASB95
“Those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder for many days. “Now when they fall they will be granted a little help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy. “Some of those who have insight will fall, in order to refine, purge and make them pure until the end time; because it is still to come at the appointed time.
dan
Daniel 11:35 NASB95
“Some of those who have insight will fall, in order to refine, purge and make them pure until the end time; because it is still to come at the appointed time.
h. He will magnify himself (36)
i. Show no regard for the gods of his fathers (37)
XIII. THE TIME OF THE END ()
j. He will honor the god of fortress (38-39)
XIII. THE TIME OF THE END ()
A. THE ANTI-CHRIST
Daniel 11:36–39 NASB95
“Then the king will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods; and he will prosper until the indignation is finished, for that which is decreed will be done. “He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the desire of women, nor will he show regard for any other god; for he will magnify himself above them all. “But instead he will honor a god of fortresses, a god whom his fathers did not know; he will honor him with gold, silver, costly stones and treasures. “He will take action against the strongest of fortresses with the help of a foreign god; he will give great honor to those who acknowledge him and will cause them to rule over the many, and will parcel out land for a price.
36
1. He will do as he pleases (36)
2. He will magnify himself (36)
h. He will magnify himself (36)
3. Show no regard for the gods of his fathers (37)
4. He will honor the god of fortress (38-39)
B. END GAME
Daniel 11:40 NASB95
“At the end time the king of the South will collide with him, and the king of the North will storm against him with chariots, with horsemen and with many ships; and he will enter countries, overflow them and pass through.
1. The king of the South will fight the king of the North (40)
Daniel 11:41 NASB95
“He will also enter the Beautiful Land, and many countries will fall; but these will be rescued out of his hand: Edom, Moab and the foremost of the sons of Ammon.
2. North will enter Israel and many countries (41)
3. Those rescued Edom, Moab, the foremost sons of Ammon (41)
Daniel 11:42 NASB95
“Then he will stretch out his hand against other countries, and the land of Egypt will not escape.
4. North will attack other countries including Egypt (42)
Daniel 11:43 NASB95
“But he will gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver and over all the precious things of Egypt; and Libyans and Ethiopians will follow at his heels.
5. Libyans and Ethiopians will follow the North (43)
Daniel 11:44 NASB95
“But rumors from the East and from the North will disturb him, and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and annihilate many.
Daniel 11:44–45 NASB95
“But rumors from the East and from the North will disturb him, and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and annihilate many. “He will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the beautiful Holy Mountain; yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.
6. Rumors from the East and North will disturb him (44)
6. Rumors from the East and North will disturb him (44)
a. He will annihilate many (44)
1. He will annihilate many (44)
b. He will pitch his tent between the seas and the beautiful holy mountain (45)
Daniel 12:1 NASB95
“Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued.
7. There will be great distress and Michael, the great prince will arise (12:1)
C. Resurrection of the dead (2)
Daniel 12:2 NASB95
“Many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt.
C. Resurrection of the dead (2)
1. Shine like stars (3)
Daniel 12:3 NASB95
“Those who have insight will shine brightly like the brightness of the expanse of heaven, and those who lead the many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever.
D. Seal up prophecy of the book (4)
1. Travel, Knowledge increased (4)
Daniel 12:4 NASB95
“But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time; many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase.”
2. 3 ½ years (5-8)
Daniel 12:5–8 NASB95
Then I, Daniel, looked and behold, two others were standing, one on this bank of the river and the other on that bank of the river. And one said to the man dressed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, “How long will it be until the end of these wonders?” I heard the man dressed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, as he raised his right hand and his left toward heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever that it would be for a time, times, and half a time; and as soon as they finish shattering the power of the holy people, all these events will be completed. As for me, I heard but could not understand; so I said, “My lord, what will be the outcome of these events?
dan 12 5-
3. Words concealed until the end time (9-10)
Daniel 12:9–10 NASB95
He said, “Go your way, Daniel, for these words are concealed and sealed up until the end time. “Many will be purged, purified and refined, but the wicked will act wickedly; and none of the wicked will understand, but those who have insight will understand.
4. 43 months & 45 days (11-12)
Daniel 12:11–12 NASB95
“From the time that the regular sacrifice is abolished and the abomination of desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days. “How blessed is he who keeps waiting and attains to the 1,335 days!
5. Reward (13)
mat
Notice the different ways of expressing sin --
We have sinned (5,8,11,15)
We have committed iniquity (5)
Daniel 12:13 NASB95
“But as for you, go your way to the end; then you will enter into rest and rise again for your allotted portion at the end of the age.”
We have done wickedly (5)
Matthew 13:44 NASB95
“The kingdom of heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field, which a man found and hid again; and from joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.
We have rebelled (by departing from thy precepts and judgments (5,9)
We have not hearkened unto thy servants the prophets (7)
We have trespassed (7)
We have been disobedient (10,11)
We have transgressed (11)
We have neglected to pray (13)
“Solitude is the ante-chamber of God; only one step more and you can be in His immediate presence” Landor (Moody)
Chapter 10:11
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