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Who Is Jesus?

Gospel Shaped Outreach  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  53:03
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This sermon is part of the Gospel Shaped Church Curriculum created by the Gospel Coalition. Information about it can be found at or 

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This sermon is part of the Gospel Shaped Church Curriculum created by the Gospel Coalition. Information about it can be found at or


We can not and do not teach that there is more than one God. Everyone being that is called a God (big G) or a god (little g) is either a real God or a fake god. A true God or a false god. And the Holy Scriptures teach us that there has always been only one God and there always will be only one God.

The Old Testament writers affirm that there is only one God.

The most well known verse to the nation of Israel. I want you to notice how all these verses do not just say God but also Lord, which means master. God is our Lord, He is our Master.
Deuteronomy 6:4 CSB
4 “Listen, Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
Deuteronomy 4:35 CSB
35 You were shown these things so that you would know that the Lord is God; there is no other besides him.
Deuteronomy 4:39 CSB
39 Today, recognize and keep in mind that the Lord is God in heaven above and on earth below; there is no other.
The prophet Isaiah who prophesies the coming of Christ is very clear that there is only one God.
Isaiah 37:20 CSB
20 Now, Lord our God, save us from his power so that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you, Lord, are God—you alone.
Isaiah 44:6 CSB
6 This is what the Lord, the King of Israel and its Redeemer, the Lord of Armies, says: I am the first and I am the last. There is no God but me.
Isaiah 44:8 CSB
8 Do not be startled or afraid. Have I not told you and declared it long ago? You are my witnesses! Is there any God but me? There is no other Rock; I do not know any.
Isaiah 45:6 CSB
6 so that all may know from the rising of the sun to its setting that there is no one but me. I am the Lord, and there is no other.
Isaiah 45:21–22 CSB
21 Speak up and present your case— yes, let them consult each other. Who predicted this long ago? Who announced it from ancient times? Was it not I, the Lord? There is no other God but me, a righteous God and Savior; there is no one except me. 22 Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth. For I am God, and there is no other.
Isaiah 46:9 CSB
9 Remember what happened long ago, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and no one is like me.
And not only that there is only one God, but also that that there will never be another God.
Isaiah 43:10 CSB
10 “You are my witnesses”— this is the Lord’s declaration— “and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. No god was formed before me, and there will be none after me.

The New Testament writers also affirm that there is only one God.

Paul wrote to the Corinthians about the difference between true Gods and false gods and affirmed that there is one God. And notice also how in the New Testament Jesus is referred to as our Lord, which is our Master.
1 Corinthians 8:4–6 CSB
4 About eating food sacrificed to idols, then, we know that “an idol is nothing in the world,” and that “there is no God but one.” 5 For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth—as there are many “gods” and many “lords”—6 yet for us there is one God, the Father. All things are from him, and we exist for him. And there is one Lord, Jesus Christ. All things are through him, and we exist through him.
To the Romans Paul said:
Romans 3:30 CSB
30 since there is one God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.
To the church at Ephesus he wrote
Ephesians 4:4–6 CSB
4 There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to one hope at your calling—5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism, 6 one God and Father of all, who is above all and through all and in all.
and to Timothy he wrote
1 Timothy 2:5 CSB
5 For there is one God and one mediator between God and humanity, the man Christ Jesus,

The Old Testament affirms there is a plurality to God.

Singular nouns use singular verbs and plural nouns use plural verbs, for example.
I have several pens up here, let’s say that they are all out of ink. I can say, “This pen is out of ink.” And I can say, “These pens are out of ink.” It would be incorrect for me to say, “These pens is out of ink,” or to say, “This pen are out of ink.”
Hebrew is the same way, singular subject gets a singular verb. Plural subjects get plural verbs. Except when talking about God. God is referenced as a plural subject who gets singular verbs. Isn’t that interesting?
Genesis 1:1 CSB
1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
God is in the plural
So if elohim is plural which would literally be “gods” then how do we know it shouldn’t say “In the beginning Gods created the heavens and the earth” and therefore teach poly-theism. The reason we know is because “bara” (created)is singular.
created is in the singular
Genesis 1:26–27 CSB
26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness. They will rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the sky, the livestock, the whole earth, and the creatures that crawl on the earth.” 27 So God created man in his own image; he created him in the image of God; he created them male and female.
“in our image” — “in his own image,” “in the image of God”
Here in
Psalm 45
we see the Psalmist speaking to God as a King saying, “Your throne, God, is forever and ever;” and then a strange wording in the next verse as if the Psalmist is talking to God and saying that His God has anointed him as King.
Psalm 45:6–7 CSB
6 Your throne, God, is forever and ever; the scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of justice. 7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of joy more than your companions.
It seems confusing but tell me, who is this verse speaking about? God right? This will become more clear in the next verse.

The New Testament affirms that Jesus is God.

The author of Hebrews tells us that this verse is spoken by The Holy Spirit of God about Jesus.
Hebrews 1:1ff CSB
1 Long ago God spoke to the fathers by the prophets at different times and in different ways. 2 In these last days, he has spoken to us by his Son. God has appointed him heir of all things and made the universe through him. 3 The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact expression of his nature, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. 4 So he became superior to the angels, just as the name he inherited is more excellent than theirs. 5 For to which of the angels did he ever say, You are my Son; today I have become your Father, or again, I will be his Father, and he will be my Son? 6 Again, when he brings his firstborn into the world, he says, And let all God’s angels worship him. 7 And about the angels he says: He makes his angels winds, and his servants a fiery flame, 8 but to the Son: Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of justice. 9 You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; this is why God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of joy beyond your companions. 10 And: In the beginning, Lord, you established the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands; 11 they will perish, but you remain. They will all wear out like clothing; 12 you will roll them up like a cloak, and they will be changed like clothing. But you are the same, and your years will never end. 13 Now to which of the angels has he ever said: Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve those who are going to inherit salvation?
and of course you have the most obvious verses
John 1:1 CSB
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
John 1:14 CSB
14 The Word became flesh and dwelt among us. We observed his glory, the glory as the one and only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
Genesis 1:1 CSB
1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
God created the heavens and the earth and the Old Testament says God created everything with his own hands and by himself.
Isaiah 45:12 CSB
12 I made the earth, and created humans on it. It was my hands that stretched out the heavens, and I commanded everything in them.
Isaiah 44:24 CSB
24 This is what the Lord, your Redeemer who formed you from the womb, says: I am the Lord, who made everything; who stretched out the heavens by myself; who alone spread out the earth;
but Jn1.1-3 says that all things were created through Jesus, and apart from him not one thing was created that has been created.
John 1:1–3 CSB
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning. 3 All things were created through him, and apart from him not one thing was created that has been created.
and Colossians says the same thing
Colossians 1:15–20 CSB
15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 16 For everything was created by him, in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities— all things have been created through him and for him. 17 He is before all things, and by him all things hold together. 18 He is also the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that he might come to have first place in everything. 19 For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, 20 and through him to reconcile everything to himself, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.
Colossians 2:9 CSB
9 For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ,
“God’s nature” “tēs theotētos” which is “God’s divinity”
And Revelation. Who is this verse referring to?
Revelation 1:8 CSB
8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “the one who is, who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.”
let’s keep reading
Revelation 1:9–18 CSB
9 I, John, your brother and partner in the affliction, kingdom, and endurance that are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard a loud voice behind me like a trumpet 11 saying, “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.” 12 Then I turned to see whose voice it was that spoke to me. When I turned I saw seven golden lampstands, 13 and among the lampstands was one like the Son of Man, dressed in a robe and with a golden sash wrapped around his chest. 14 The hair of his head was white as wool—white as snow—and his eyes like a fiery flame. 15 His feet were like fine bronze as it is fired in a furnace, and his voice like the sound of cascading waters. 16 He had seven stars in his right hand; a sharp double-edged sword came from his mouth, and his face was shining like the sun at full strength. 17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet like a dead man. He laid his right hand on me and said, “Don’t be afraid. I am the First and the Last, 18 and the Living One. I was dead, but look—I am alive forever and ever, and I hold the keys of death and Hades.
And who is speaking in the next two verses?
Revelation 22:12–13 CSB
12 “Look, I am coming soon, and my reward is with me to repay each person according to his work. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.
Let’s keep reading
Revelation 22:14–21 CSB
14 “Blessed are those who wash their robes, so that they may have the right to the tree of life and may enter the city by the gates. 15 Outside are the dogs, the sorcerers, the sexually immoral, the murderers, the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood. 16 “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to attest these things to you for the churches. I am the root and descendant of David, the bright morning star.” 17 Both the Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” Let anyone who hears, say, “Come!” Let the one who is thirsty come. Let the one who desires take the water of life freely. 18 I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book. 19 And if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share of the tree of life and the holy city, which are written about in this book. 20 He who testifies about these things says, “Yes, I am coming soon.” Amen! Come, Lord Jesus! 21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with everyone. Amen.
Who is coming soon? — Come Lord Jesus!So when verse 12 says Look, I am coming soon, who said that? — Our Lord Jesus! the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.
And we could go on and on about how every time anyone worships anyone besides God the bible clearly and emphatically condemns them except when people worship Jesus. Over and over again we see people being rebuked for trying to worship angels and idols and when Satan tried to get Jesus to worship him, Jesus said we are to worship only God. But when ever anyone is mentioned as worshiping Jesus, they are never ever rebuked.
Matthew 14:33 CSB
33 Then those in the boat worshiped him and said, “Truly you are the Son of God.”
Matthew 28:8–9 CSB
8 So, departing quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, they ran to tell his disciples the news. 9 Just then Jesus met them and said, “Greetings!” They came up, took hold of his feet, and worshiped him.
It is important to understand that God is not a man that He should be understood as we are. Who defines who and what God can be? Who defines what God can be like? Who defines what God can and can not do? We can not be in more than one place at one time, God can. We can not give complete focus to two different people talking to us at the same time but God can. There are two categories Creator and Creation. God is the Creator and everything else is His creation. As part of His creation we are creatures. He is God, and we are his creatures. He created us a certain way, just like He created trees a certain way and He created water a certain way, and all of His creation, everything in the universe has certain properties and characteristics and limitations. As human creatures, we are created in His image, which means we are “like” him but we are not him. We have more similarities with Him than all the rest of His creation, but we are still different than Him. We can only be at one place at one time. We can only think about one thing at a time. God is not like us in those respects.
The Scriptures are God’s revelation of Himself to us. He has described Himself to us in these pages. Everything we believe to be true about Him, we believe because that is how He has described Himself to us. He has clearly told us that there has only ever been one God and there is only one God and there will only ever be one God. So we believe there is only one God. He said He created the universe with His own hands by Himself and He also said that universe and everything that was made was made through Jesus and apart from Jesus nothing was made that exists. Colossians tells us that the entire fullness of God’s divinity dwells bodily in Christ. That He was with God in the beginning and that He is God. God has revealed to us through His Scriptures that Jesus is God, and therefore we believe it. Jesus told us that the Holy Spirit is a person and He too is the same as the Father and the Son. So we believe it. God can be three persons and still be One God. We can not. How do you define and describe a real God. Well there is only one in existence and He can exist however He pleases since He is the only God you can compare Him to. So why do we believe there is one God who exists as three distinct persons yet is still one God. Because that God who exists as three distinct persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, has revealed Himself to us and that’s how He described Himself to us. Who are we, his created beings, to say that He can’t exist the way that He does.
So who is Jesus? He is God in the flesh. His name is Immanuel, which means “God with us”


Daniel prophesied that God would one day take His seat on His throne and that a judgment would take place. But mysteriously He would give His dominion, glory, and kingdom to one like a son of man so that those of every people, nation, and language would serve this son of man and that his dominion, or rule, and his kingdom would last for eternity.
Daniel 7:9–10 CSB
9 “As I kept watching, thrones were set in place, and the Ancient of Days took his seat. His clothing was white like snow, and the hair of his head like whitest wool. His throne was flaming fire; its wheels were blazing fire. 10 A river of fire was flowing, coming out from his presence. Thousands upon thousands served him; ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him. The court was convened, and the books were opened.
Daniel 7:13–14 CSB
13 I continued watching in the night visions, and suddenly one like a son of man was coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was escorted before him. 14 He was given dominion, and glory, and a kingdom; so that those of every people, nation, and language should serve him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will not be destroyed.
Jesus is the one that is said to be the fulfillment of this prophecy in which He will judge every person and be the king of this everlasting kingdom and have everlasting dominion.
John 5:22 CSB
22 The Father, in fact, judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son,
John 5:27 CSB
27 And he has granted him the right to pass judgment, because he is the Son of Man.
Matthew 25:31–33 CSB
31 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate them one from another, just as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on the left.
Acts 10:42 CSB
42 He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one appointed by God to be the judge of the living and the dead.
2 Corinthians 5:10 CSB
10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each may be repaid for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil.
Acts 17:30–31 CSB
30 “Therefore, having overlooked the times of ignorance, God now commands all people everywhere to repent, 31 because he has set a day when he is going to judge the world in righteousness by the man he has appointed. He has provided proof of this to everyone by raising him from the dead.”


John 3:16 CSB
16 For God loved the world in this way: He gave his one and only Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life.
1 Peter 3:18 CSB
18 For Christ also suffered for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring you to God. He was put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit,
1 Peter 2:24 CSB
24 He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree; so that, having died to sins, we might live for righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed.
Colossians 2:14 CSB
14 He erased the certificate of debt, with its obligations, that was against us and opposed to us, and has taken it away by nailing it to the cross.
Hebrews 7:25 CSB
25 Therefore, he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, since he always lives to intercede for them.


1 Timothy 2:5 CSB
5 For there is one God and one mediator between God and humanity, the man Christ Jesus,
John 14:6 CSB
6 Jesus told him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
Acts 4:12 CSB
12 There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to people by which we must be saved.”
John 3:18 CSB
18 Anyone who believes in him is not condemned, but anyone who does not believe is already condemned, because he has not believed in the name of the one and only Son of God.
John 3:36 CSB
36 The one who believes in the Son has eternal life, but the one who rejects the Son will not see life; instead, the wrath of God remains on him.
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