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Kingdom Authority: Rule Differently

Matthew  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  44:05
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Scripture Reading
Exposition 1
Matthew 20:17 ESV
And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside, and on the way he said to them,
Matthew 20:18 ESV
“See, we are going up to Jerusalem. And the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death
Matthew 20:19 ESV
and deliver him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and he will be raised on the third day.”

I. Jesus had specific knowledge of His death and ressurection.

He knew he would be condemned by both the Jews and the Gentiles
He knew what would happen leading up to His death
He knew how He would die
He knew death would not hold Him
In previous passages
He knew he would be betrayed
He knew he would die in Jerusalem
Exposition 2
Matthew 20:20 ESV
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came up to him with her sons, and kneeling before him she asked him for something.
Kneeling signified kingship/messiahship, not necessarily diety
Matthew 20:21 ESV
And he said to her, “What do you want?” She said to him, “Say that these two sons of mine are to sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your kingdom.”
They are asking for position, privilege, authority, and wealth
“In your kingdom” refers to the eschatological kingdom
Matthew 20:22 ESV
Jesus answered, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am to drink?” They said to him, “We are able.”
They think they know what they are asking but as Jesus tells them, they don’t. To ask to rule with King Jesus, they are asking to get there with Him and partake in His suffering.
Matthew 20:23 ESV
He said to them, “You will drink my cup, but to sit at my right hand and at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared by my Father.”
James - fist apostolic martyr
John - live out a life in exile
Before we move on I want to look at an implication of the text...

II. Position in the kingdom has been designed by God the Father

Exposition 3
Matthew 20:24 ESV
And when the ten heard it, they were indignant at the two brothers.
Matthew 20:25 ESV
But Jesus called them to him and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them.
“lord it over them” does not have a negative connotation
“‘lord it over’ gives a false impression. Jesus is not criticizing abuse of power in political structures — the verb never has that meaning (…) and should be translated ‘exercise lordship over,’ parallel to ‘exercise authority over’ in the next line” D.A. Carson (EBC)
Matthew 20:26 ESV
It shall not be so among you. But whoever would be great among you must be your servant,
Matthew 20:27 ESV
and whoever would be first among you must be your slave,

III. Leadership in the kingdom is radically different than the world’s. Leader = Servant

Another way to say it is “greatness among Jesus’ disciples is based on service” (Carson)
Slaves becoming rulers
Exposition 4
Matthew 20:28 ESV
even as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”
This verse is full of teaching
“Son of Man came” signifies pre-existence
Why did He come?
to serve (and He is the King of kings and Lord of lords)
How would He “serve?”
Primarily through His substitutionary death
ransom lytron = purchase price for freeing slaves
explain substitution…
explain many…

IV. Jesus’ ultimate service as King is to ransom many

Isaiah 53:10–12 ESV
Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors.
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