Is Christian Endurance Equal to Passivity?
(1) Endurance involves empowered preparation (v. 20 - 21)
This is a PERFECT PASSIVE PARTICIPLE which implies several things: (1) they were sanctified in the past and that state or condition continues (PERFECT TENSE); (2) they were sanctified by God (PASSIVE VOICE).
Notice the condition of one choosing to cleanse himself and then the statement of God’s action. Sanctification is both a divine act and a human act. This pattern characterizes the covenant relationship in all of God’s dealings with humans. He always takes the initiative and sets the agenda, but mankind must respond appropriately and continue to respond.