Untitled Sermon (3)
I. Jesus’ Authoritative Teaching
A. He went into Capernaum
1. Next to the via marris, the main trade route between the Mediterranean Coastal plain and Damascus. Which means there where people from various social backgrounds, trades, and ethnicities around.
2. Also the furthest you could get from the major Hellinistic/Greek cities like Sepphoris/Tiberias where Herod Antipas was, the guy who arrested his cuz. So Jesus was able to initially start his ministry without much interference from political or religious leaders.
3. This place was cool looking, a 2500 ft promenade with and 8 foot wide sea wall, with Piers and docks extending to the lake.
4. This town was also a border town between two different rulers/governors/mayors Phillip & Herod which means there was a Customs office there. Which also means there were Roman military garrisons around. But the relationship in Capernaum between Jews and Roman garrisons were friendly. In we learn of a Roman centurion who loved Israel and built a synagogue for them. This man was also found pleading for the life of his servant, whom Jesus healed.
4. Finally, Capernaum, was most likely where Jesus called home after leaving Nazereth
B. He entered the synagogue and was teaching.
1. Where was Jesus on the Sabbath?
a) Jesus valued gathering, do you?
b) If Jesus thought it was important and needed for Him to gather, shouldn’t we?
2. What was Jesus doing? Teaching
C. Mark calls a Jewish Scribe to the stand.
1. First, what is a scribe?
a) I believe the first time we read about scribes is during the reign of king David. 2 sam. 8:16-17, and at this time scribes were general secretaries and recorder.
b)It wasn't until much later,hundreds of years later that the function of the scribe evolved into an expert of the Torah or law, who we believe Ezra was the first.
c) by the time of Christ the function of the scribes have evolved even further experts in the law which made them professors/teachers and finally a civil lawyer of the law. So on the Sabbath they instructed the synagogue, but during the week the synagogue turned into a school.
d) Now, here is whats very important to our text, these scribes were dependent on the teachings of the teachers that taught them, in the Gospels you will read Jesus talking to them about the traditions of their elders (), because the source of their authority was what their teacher/teachers have taught them. So when they got up to speak about the law they would say this is what Rabbi said about this and this is what Rabbi said about that.
2 Imagine Mark calls a first century Capernaum scribe to the stand as a hostile witness.
a) “and they” who is they, everyone in the synagogue including the scribes. Now if this scribe came on the stand maybe Mark would ask what do you know about Jesus of Nazerth? What was he like? What did he do? but eventually he would get to the question what was he like when he was teaching?
b) Now the reason I say this scribe was a hostile witness is because as Jesus’ ministry expanded they became one of groups that opposed Christ.
c) The scribe sitting in the courtroom would reflect back to this day in Capernaum.
3. Jesus was the authority. He was teaching the Jewish people the original intent of the law, which is not just a list of do’s and don’ts, not a score card to measure your worthiness or others unworthiness. not a list for us to follow so we can look good on the outside because we are doing our best to follow, while we are dead on the inside. The law was given so that you can recognize how sinful you really are and how much you really need Jesus. All that Jesus was teaching was blowing their minds, hurting their authority.
II. Jesus Authority Over the Spirit World
A. What was a demon possessed man doing in the synagogue?
1. Was he a visitor?
2. Someone’s friend?
3. Or something else? Here is my theory...
B. Mark calls this man healed of demon possession to the stand.
1. Tell me about your encounter with Jesus
2. Listen to the demons cries?
a. “What have you to do with us Jesus of Nazereth?”
b. “Have you come to destroy us?”
c. “I know who you are, the Holy One of God
B. Jesus Responds
1. The messianic secret
2. Doesn’t want the confession from demons
3. Whatever the case I do know this Jesus set me free.
Mark wishes us to know in his gospel, and he uses six different Greek words to communicate it, that Jesus constantly filled people with a mixture of wonder, awe and fear at what he said and did (1:27; 2:12; 4:41; 5:15, 20, 33, 36, 42; 6:50, 51; 9:6, 15, 32; 10:24, 32 (twice); 11:18; 12:17; 15:5, 44; 16:5 ff., 8).