Hebrews 11:28 "By Faith The Passover Was Kept"
The plagues (Ex. 7:14–10:29; 11:1, 4–10): Because Pharaoh refuses to listen, the Lord begins a series of 10 plagues on Egypt. After each plague, the Lord gives Pharaoh opportunity to change his mind, but Pharaoh continually refuses.
1. Blood (Ex. 7:14–25): Moses strikes the Nile with his staff, causing its waters to change into blood. Soon all water in Egypt is polluted in similar fashion.
2. Frogs (Ex. 8:1–15): A plague of frogs covers every square foot of the land. Pharaoh begs Moses to remove them, promising Israel’s deliverance, but then refuses after the frogs disappear.
3. Gnats (Ex. 8:16–19): Aaron strikes the dust, and gnats suddenly infest the entire nation. Pharaoh’s magicians advise him to release Israel, but he again refuses.
4. Flies (Ex. 8:20–32): Egypt is filled with great swarms of flies, but none appear in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites live. Again Pharaoh promises to set Israel free but refuses when the flies are gone.
5. Plague on livestock (Ex. 9:1–7): All Egyptian livestock suddenly become sick and begin to die, but not one Israelite animal is affected.
6. Boils (Ex. 9:8–12): After Moses tosses soot from a furnace into the air, festering boils break out on people and animals.
7. Hail and lightning (Ex. 9:13–35): Before this plague, God tells Moses and Pharaoh the purpose of the plagues: “that you might see my power and that my fame might spread throughout the earth.” Some Egyptians heed God’s warning and bring their livestock in from the fields for protection from the fearful lightning and hail. Pharaoh tells Moses that he will let his people go but changes his mind after the plague stops.
8. Locusts (Ex. 10:1–20): Pharaoh agrees to allow only the men of Israel to go worship the Lord. Moses rejects this offer, and the Lord sends a strong east wind that blows in the worst locust plague in Egyptian history! Pharoah repents, the Lord removes the locusts, and then Pharaoh changes his mind yet again.
9. Darkness (Ex. 10:21–29): The Lord sends a deep, terrifying darkness over all of Egypt for three days. Pharaoh agrees to let the people go, but the flocks must stay. Moses refuses.
10. Death of firstborn sons (Ex. 11:1, 4–10): The Lord tells Moses that this plague will result in Israel’s freedom.