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Daniel 11- The kings of the South and the North

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Intro- We want to hit the highlights of what we covered last week, because we covered a lot, then we will cover this chapter.
- Are these 70 literal weeks? Many interpreters view this a 490 years or 70 7’s.
It comes down to, should we read this as weeks or years? We will come back to that question. For now let’s focus on the goals that are laid out.
“to finish the transgression”
“to put an end to sin”
“to atone for iniquity”
“to bring in an everlasting righteousness”
“to seal both vision, and prophet”
“to anoint a most holy place”
— All of these things were fulfilled in Christ. This was not to be interpreted (my opinion) as a specific set amount of time, rather, Symbolically, the fullness of time, until God saw fit to bring Christ into the world.
- We are left with the image of Daniel frightened and facedown upon seeing this man in a vision.
Who is this man?- many scholars due to the similarities in the way they are described view this as the pre-incarnate Christ.
Identifying this man with God would explain why it affected Daniel the way it did when Daniel did not have the same reaction upon seeing Gabriel in chapter 8
V.13- says that this man wanted to come to Daniel beforehand, but he was withstood by the prince of persia.
Since he refers to Michael (an angel) as a prince, it is safe to assume the “prince” that had withstood him was also a spiritual being, a demon.
Daniel was given this incredible look behind the veil into a different realm that we do not read much about in detail but we know is there.
Paul wrote in that our war is not against flesh and blood but against spirits.
2 Kings 6:15–17 ESV
When the servant of the man of God rose early in the morning and went out, behold, an army with horses and chariots was all around the city. And the servant said, “Alas, my master! What shall we do?” He said, “Do not be afraid, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them.” Then Elisha prayed and said, “O Lord, please open his eyes that he may see.” So the Lord opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw, and behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.
God is in control… often times we don’t feel like He is, because we are looking with physical eyes…
- is one of the hardest chapters to try to talk about in a Bible class setting because it is impossible to cover all of the detail that is contained within it.
It foretells 400 years of Jewish history. Some of which has already been addressed earlier in the book.
In the first 35 verses, there are 130 specific prophecies.
Since we cannot possibly cover all of that, I want to hit a few things that stand out to me, and then focus on prophecy in general.
Daniel 11:2 ESV
“And now I will show you the truth. Behold, three more kings shall arise in Persia, and a fourth shall be far richer than all of them. And when he has become strong through his riches, he shall stir up all against the kingdom of Greece.
This quickly passes through the bulk of Persian history. It reveals that the 4th king will be richer than the rest (Xerxes I ) or Ahazarus
This is is the king we read of in who threw a party for the entire kingdom that lasted for 180 days.
He was instrumental in aggravating Alexander the great which ultimately led to the downfall of Persia.
Daniel 11:17 ESV
He shall set his face to come with the strength of his whole kingdom, and he shall bring terms of an agreement and perform them. He shall give him the daughter of women to destroy the kingdom, but it shall not stand or be to his advantage.
I find this interesting because it describes we read of these strange terms of peace. A daughter was given to be married to an enemy king in order for the wars to stop. That daughter was Cleopatra I. She was angry, she convinced her husband Ptolmey V to ally with Rome and go to war with her father.
Daniel 11:32–35 ESV
He shall seduce with flattery those who violate the covenant, but the people who know their God shall stand firm and take action. And the wise among the people shall make many understand, though for some days they shall stumble by sword and flame, by captivity and plunder. When they stumble, they shall receive a little help. And many shall join themselves to them with flattery, and some of the wise shall stumble, so that they may be refined, purified, and made white, until the time of the end, for it still awaits the appointed time.
Speaking of oppression of the Jews that was an ongoing battle:
V.32- “People who know their God shall stand firm”- What a powerful statement… It’s not about a religious “I know what my parents believed” - But the people who knew their God would stand in the midst of trials.
V.35- some of the wise shall stumble so that they may be refined...
It is difficult for us to imagine that God allowed His people to be oppressed, but He did. He allowed them to be oppressed (to go through the refining fire) because they were so impure, they needed to be purified.
V.35- “For it still awaits the appointed time” - God was still in control, He had determined the time that the suffering of His people would end.
Prophecy.
In my personal opinion, there is no greater evidence that there is a God and that the Bible is His word than that of Prophecy.
Let’s glance at a couple prophecy’s found in scripture dealing with the same time periods we are dealing with in Daniel, found in other parts of scripture.
There are many prophecies found in scripture that as we look back at history we see that they were fulfilled. There are even some prophecies we still see today.
There are many prophecies found in scripture that as we look back at history we see that they were fulfilled. There are even some prophecies we still see today.
Ezekiel 29:14–15 ESV
and I will restore the fortunes of Egypt and bring them back to the land of Pathros, the land of their origin, and there they shall be a lowly kingdom. It shall be the most lowly of the kingdoms, and never again exalt itself above the nations. And I will make them so small that they will never again rule over the nations.
1.
Written in 589 B.C. predicts that Nebuchadnezzar will take Egypt and that it never again will rise to a major world empire. Today Egypt is still considered a 3rd world country
aWritten in 589 B.C. predicts that Nebuchadnezzar will take Egypt and that it never again will rise to a major world empire. Today Egypt is still considered a 3rd world country
2.
Written in 595 B.C. and both predict the city of babylon will become desolate and will never be rebuilt. Today Babylon lies in ruins and has no inhabitants
a. Written in 595 B.C. and both predict the city of babylon will become desolate and will never be rebuilt. Today Babylon lies in ruins and has no inhabitants
3.
Out with doubt, Kyle Butt pg. 48-49
a. Out with doubt, Kyle Butt pg. 48-49
Next week- We finish the book. Is chapter 12 about the end of the world? What is the abomination that makes desolate, what does the 1,335 days mean? Stay tuned until next week :)
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