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Romans 9:30-10:4

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Before we get into today’s passage, It is important to note where we are in the context of the passage and in the book of Romans. Let’s review the overview of the book of Romans...
Chapters 9-11 are really addressing the issue of how the Gentiles and Jews compare…How did God “choose”? How does one fulfill requirements of getting the favor of God? God requires righteousness, but as we’ve read - complete righteousness is not attainable by ourselves.
Paul tells us in the first part of chapter 9 that even with all the advantages that the Jews had, they still fell short of the standard
This line of thought and reasoning continues through the end of Chapter 11. Then in chapter 12, Paul leads off with an appeal for us to present our bodies as living sacrifices. That is the point of why Paul goes into so much detail on how we have God’s mercy and grace available to us - not that we would continue living like we always have, but that we would be transformed…that we would be able to discern what the will of God is for our lives. If we don’t understand the basis by which His mercy is gifted to us, our transforming of becomes instead a performing for and then we’ve missed the whole point of the Gospel.
Last time we covered the subject of predestination or God’s sovereignty in choosing. If you missed it or want a CD, see Jason after. The key of of the middle part of chapter 9 is that God is God and you are not. If we can all agree on that, the subject of predestination is not a hard one. The passage just before today’s passage is a very complex one and requires more than just a short recap, so I hope you’ll trust me when I say that God is God and you are not…if you need some more details on that, the CD is the place to go.
Last time we covered the sovereignty of God in choosing who He has mercy on and whose hearts get hardened. It is a subject that many Christians have debated and argued over the years. I don’t have the time this morning to do a recap since it is such a deep topic, so if you missed it, see Jason after in the office and he’ll get you a CD.
The key of of the middle part of chapter 9 is that God is God and you are not. If we can all agree on that, the subject of predestination is not a hard one. God is able to choose mercy based on His purpose and not my desire. My natural, fleshly desires will rarely if ever line up with what God has planned. And if I can
Let’s read our passage today starting in and going through 10:4.
Read
30
What then shall we say…reference to the previous passage where God’s sovereignty is displayed in the salvation process
Gentiles - 99.8% of the world population only 14-20 million Jews
Did not pursue righteousness - Gentiles are so busy chasing idols, self fulfillment, their own gods that they have no time for God…and thus did not pursue him.
Obtained righteousness by faith - faith in the work of Jesus. Nothing to add to that. Righteousness is provided, not earned.
31-32a
Israel - God’s chosen people…nation
pursues the law…not God…the law
did not attain the goal of righteousness
Pursuit was not by faith, but was instead by works.
Rather than change their heart, they changed their actions. Question wasn’t how can I follow after God…instead it was what will God allow?
32b-33
Jesus is the stone
This is a quote from several verses in Isaiah (8:14, 28:16)
They Stumbled because:
Jesus wasn’t who they thought they were looking for - Their focus was so squarely on the law - do’s and don’ts that they missed the signs and prophecies concerning the Christ.
They were offended by what Jesus had to say - He challenged them on many of their wrong interpretations of God’s Word. He also challenged their authority by establishing and claiming His authority as the Son of God.
People continue to stumble because
Jesus claimed to be the only way and people like the idea of multiple ways to heaven.
Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
John 14:6 NIV
Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
To admit that one needs Jesus is to admit that one is a sinner. People tend to get offended when they are told they are doing something wrong.
To
They’ve been taught that they need to be good to get God’s favor and to accept the Gospel is to accept that we can do nothing to gain God’s favor.
10:1-3
The Jews are a people zealous for God, but in their zeal they pursue and strive for the wrong things. God doesn’t want our actions, He wants our hearts.
10:4 - As the culmination of the law, Christ is what the law was pointing to all along. God didn’t expect us to succeed in fulfilling the entire law. A large part of the law was how to make our short comings right through sacrifice. He expected us to fail…why else would God have provided a way of atonement? Ultimately God’s purpose was for us to see a futility in our pursuit of self righteousness and look to Him by faith for the coming solution in Christ.
Gentiles/Jews
Did not pursue righteousness - Pursued the law
Did not pursue righteousness - Pursued the law
10:4 - As the culmination of the law, Christ is what the law was pointing to all along. God didn’t expect us to succeed in fulfilling the entire law. A large part of the law was how to make our short comings right through sacrifice. He expected us to fail…why else would God have provided a way of atonement? Ultimately God’s purpose was for us to see a futility in our pursuit of self righteousness and look to Him by faith for the coming solution in Christ.
10:4 - As the culmination of the law, Christ is what the law was pointing to all along. God didn’t expect us to succeed in fulfilling the entire law. A large part of the law was how to make our short comings right through sacrifice. He expected us to fail…why else would God have provided a way of atonement? Ultimately God’s purpose was for us to see a futility in our pursuit of self righteousness and look to Him by faith for the coming solution in Christ.
The wonderful thing about righteousness by faith…it is available to everyone who believes.
Jesus can either be our stumbling stone or our cornerstone.
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