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Two Men, Two Legacies

Genesis  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Cain's lineage

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I. Cain's Legacy

1. Cain leaves God’s presence to go east

God is omnipresent but Cain left God’s Shekinah glory
The name Nod denotes a land of flight and banishment, in contrast with Eden, the land of delight, where Jehovah walked with men.
The name Nod denotes a land of flight and banishment, in contrast with Eden, the land of delight, where Jehovah walked with men.
Keil, C. F., & Delitzsch, F. (1996). Commentary on the Old Testament (Vol. 1, p. 72). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.
Cain’s conversation with God is finished.

2. Cain Settles in Nod

Cain had relations with his wife...
Cain had relations with his wife and she conceived
Who was Mrs Cain?
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.Who was Mrs Cain?
she conceived, and gave birth to Enoch.
she conceived, and gave birth to Enoch
Cain’s son
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.Cain’s son
called the name of the city Enoch.
Cain begins the first urban gathering. Centuries had passed since the fall.
called the name of the city Enoch
Cain immediately seeks to build self-sufficiency.
Is Cain trying to avoid the curse of perpetual wandering by building a city?
after the name of his son.
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.The first city is born
after the name of his son
The verb ‘building’ which is participle means ‘he was engaged in building’. It seems Cain began the building of the city and ended up wandering. Eventually it was the son, Enoch who took on the project and hence the name of it as well.

3. Cain’s descendants

- Now to Enoch was born Irad.
Irad was Cain’s grandson.
Irad probably signifies the townsman
Irad probably signifies the townsman or man of the city.
Now to Enoch was born Irad
- Irad became the father of Mehujael.
Mehujael was Cain’s great-grandson
Irad became the father of Mehujael

Mehujael became the father of Methushael

Mehujael, smitten of God,
Mehujael probably means smitten of God,
- Mehujael became the father of Methushael.
Methushael was the fifth from Cain
- Methushael became the father of Lamech.
Mehujael became the father of Methushael
Methushael became the father of Lamech
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
Jared, descent, or that which has descended
Jared, descent, or … which has descended;
Saga, Primeval Genesis 1:1–11:9

4. Lamech

Prose 3:20–4:22
Story 3:20–4:16
Jared, descent, or that which has descended
List, Genealogy 17–22
Lamech was the sixth generation from Cain.
Poetry; Song 4:23–24
God judges Cain Event
Music — Ordering tones or sounds in succession, whether with an instrument or singing.
4. Lamech
Creativity, Family, Family: Children, God: Presence, Killing, Marriage, Revenge, Sex, Work4. Lamech
4. Lamech
4. Lamech
4. Lamech
Methuselah, man of the sword or of increase
Keil, C. F., & Delitzsch, F. (1996). Commentary on the Old Testament (Vol. 1, p. 73). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.

4. Lamech (warrior, conquerer)

The powerful development of the worldly mind and of ungodliness among the Cainites was openly displayed in Lamech, in the sixth generation - Keil, C. F., & Delitzsch, F. (1996). Commentary on the Old Testament (Vol. 1, p. 73). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.
Lamech
The powerful development of the worldly mind and of ungodliness among the Cainites was openly displayed in Lamech, in the sixth generation

Lamech took to himself two wives

Lamech is the first polygamist.
Keil, C. F., & Delitzsch, F. (1996). Commentary on the Old Testament (Vol. 1, p. 73). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.Lamech’s wives
Lamech took to himself two wivesLamech’s wives
Polygamy was wrong
Lamech’s wives
Lamech displays initial behavior of Noah’s generation

Lamech’s children

His three sons are the authors of inventions which show how the mind and efforts of the Cainites were directed towards the beautifying and perfecting of the earthly life
Keil, C. F., & Delitzsch, F. (1996). Commentary on the Old Testament (Vol. 1, p. 74). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.
- Jabal - he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock
he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock
- Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe
Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe
- Tubalcain, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron
Tubal-cain, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron
- and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah
These abilities were not given to them alone, but rather we see them used in the wrong way, rather than to the glory of God.
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah
Naamah means the lovely or graceful - K&D
New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). (). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.
These abilities were not given to them alone, but rather we see them used in the wrong way, rather than to the glory of God.

Lamech’s Song of Defiance -

Genesis 4:23–24 NASB95
Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, Listen to my voice, You wives of Lamech, Give heed to my speech, For I have killed a man for wounding me; And a boy for striking me; If Cain is avenged sevenfold, Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.”
- Adah and Zillah, listen to my voice, you wives of Lamech -
Lamech sets himself up as the voice to be heard
Adah and Zillah,
- If Cain is avenged sevenfold, Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold
Listen to my voice
24If Cain is avenged sevenfold,
Lamech appears to be bragging will great self-assurance of something he is sure to do. Not that he has done it.
Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold
Option 1: “if Cain made out ok, I all the more”
Option 2: “
It would seem time has made out Cain to be a hero among his descendants. In Lamech’s boast, he compares levers himself above Cain.
NT Connection: Jesus said to forgive this number of times.
This is also the number for the “times of the Gentiles”.

II. Seth’s Legacy

a Adam had relations with his wife again and she gave birth to a son.
Adam had relations with his wife again
God has appointed me another offspring in place of Abel, for Cain killed him.
God has appointed me another offspring in place of Abel, for Cain killed him.
Eve states why their son is named Seth. He replaced Abel because Cain killed him.
Seth lived 912 years
son was born; and he called his name Enosh.
a son was born; and he called his name Enosh
Seth had a son. Enosh comes from the root word meaning weak, frail.
Then men began to call upon the name of the Lord
Then men began to call upon the name of the Lord
The Toledot of the heaven and the earth concludes with a statement of hope.
Men began to call on or by or after the name of the Lord.
Cain’s lineage was
(n.d.).
Seth’s lineage was the sons of God.
Commentary on the Old Testament The Sons of the First Man.—Ch. 4

We have here an account of the commencement of that worship of God which consists in prayer, praise, and thanksgiving, or in the acknowledgment and celebration of the mercy and help of Jehovah. While the family of Cainites, by the erection of a city, and the invention and development of worldly arts and business, were laying the foundation for the kingdom of this world; the family of the Sethites began, by united invocation of the name of God of grace, to found and to erect the kingdom of God.

Cain’s Legacy was earthly in value. His sons gloried in man.

Seth’s legacy was one of spiritual in value. His sons were those who were known by their God.

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