Don't Drag Your Feet
TRUTHS WE CAN GLEAN FROM ZIPPORAH’S RESPONSE
SHARED VALUES SUSTAIN A HEALTHY MARRIAGE
FAITH WITHOUT OBEDIENCE TRIPS PEOPLE UP.
NO ONE WILL BE EXEMPT FROM THE LORD’S JUDGEMENT.
The home is the best expression of the heart and priorities.
God gives ample warning.
Jesus did the heavy lifting on the road to Calvary so we could walk with Him.
Scholars have pointed out that different Hebrew words for “harden” are used in this passage (Forster, 1555–68). Qashah, meaning “stubbornness” is used twice, once where God is the agent and once where Pharaoh is (7:3; 13:15). In both cases it is used of the overall process, not a particular act. Kabed, meaning “heavy” or “insensitive” is used many times, not only of Pharaoh’s heart, but of the plagues. God sent a “heavy” swarm of flies, hailstones, and swarm of locusts. Chazaq, meaning “strength” or “encouragement” is used of Pharaoh’s heart. When Pharaoh is the agent of hardening kabed is used. When God is the agent, chazaq is used. “Although Pharaoh is making his own moral decision, God is going to give him the strength to carry it out,” writes Roger Forster (72). On this understanding there is nothing morally sinister about God “hardening,” Pharaoh, and it is an understanding with which moderate Calvinists and Arminians could concur.
The sense in which God hardened his heart is similar to the way the sun hardens clay and also melts wax. If Pharaoh had been receptive to God’s warnings, his heart would not have been hardened by God. But when God gave Pharaoh a reprieve from the plagues, he took advantage of the situation. “But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and did not heed them [Moses and Aaron], as the Lord had said” (Exod. 8:15).
The question can be summarized as follows: does God harden hearts?