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Holy Spirit

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Holy Spirit

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Holy Spirit

John 14:26 NKJV
But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.
John 14:26 LEB
But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name—that one will teach you all things, and will remind you of everything that I said to you.
John 14:26 NIV
But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
The word Jesus used to describe the Holy Spirit was translated as Helper, Comforter, Intercessor or Advocate; and sometimes referred to as Teacher.
The first time the word Helper (in capital) appeared is in , . God made a woman to be a helper comparable to man. John is the only one who used this in the NT four times (, , and 16:7) describing the Holy Spirit. Luke used the word the ‘Promise’ (). referred to the Psalm “The Lord is my helper”.

Paraklētos

Definition

One who acts on another’s behalf as a helper, legal advocate, advisor, or intermediary

English Translation

Versions

advocate

LEB; ESV; NIV; NLT; KJV; NASB

helper

NASB; ESV

counselor

RSV

comforter

KJV

New Testament Occurrences

Gospels (only John)

4

Acts

0

Paul’s Letters

0

General Letters (only 1 John)

1

Revelation

0

Total nt Uses

5

The term paraklētos only occurs in the nt writings associated with the apostle John. In secular contexts, the Greek word indicated a legal representative or lawyer who would intercede before the court on behalf of someone else.
Paraklētos

14:26 Advocate The Greek term used here, paraklētos, refers to a legal assistant in a court who pleads someone’s case before the judge (compare 1 John 2:1). The judge is God, and people are judged based on whether they follow Jesus’ command to believe that eternal life comes through His death and resurrection (John 12:48–50). When on earth, Jesus was the means for believers to interact with God the Father since their sin prevented them from doing so directly. The Spirit is sent to do the same work. This is one of His many tasks. Paraklētos is used throughout Greek literature in a legal context (e.g., Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 11.37.1; Demosthenes, De falsa legatione, 1). Jewish writer Philo uses the legal term in a religious context, referring to a sinner pleading their case (e.g., Philo, Antiquitates Romanae, 166).

The Spirit acts as the means of communication between God the Father and His people. Since God the Father dwells in His throne room in heaven, believers need a means to communicate with Him (see note on v. 2). The Spirit communicates with Jesus in heaven; Jesus then communicates with God the Father. Jesus’ sacrifice makes this possible since His death atones for people’s sins, providing the Spirit with a reason for believers to be allowed to communicate with the Father (compare Heb 4:14–16; 7:26–28).

14:26 Advocate The Greek term used here, paraklētos, refers to a legal assistant in a court who pleads someone’s case before the judge (compare 1 John 2:1). The judge is God, and people are judged based on whether they follow Jesus’ command to believe that eternal life comes through His death and resurrection (John 12:48–50). When on earth, Jesus was the means for believers to interact with God the Father since their sin prevented them from doing so directly. The Spirit is sent to do the same work. This is one of His many tasks. Paraklētos is used throughout Greek literature in a legal context (e.g., Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae, 11.37.1; Demosthenes, De falsa legatione, 1). Jewish writer Philo uses the legal term in a religious context, referring to a sinner pleading their case (e.g., Philo, Antiquitates Romanae, 166).

The Spirit acts as the means of communication between God the Father and His people. Since God the Father dwells in His throne room in heaven, believers need a means to communicate with Him (see note on v. 2). The Spirit communicates with Jesus in heaven; Jesus then communicates with God the Father. Jesus’ sacrifice makes this possible since His death atones for people’s sins, providing the Spirit with a reason for believers to be allowed to communicate with the Father (compare Heb 4:14–16; 7:26–28).

Definition
One who acts on another’s behalf as a helper, legal advocate, advisor, or intermediary
English Translation
Versions
advocate
leb; esv; niv; nlt; kjv; nasb
helper
nasb; esv
counselor
rsv
comforter
kjv
New Testament Occurrences
Gospels (only John)
4
Acts
0
Paul’s Letters
0
General Letters (only 1 John)
1
Revelation
0
Total nt Uses
5
Seal, D. (2012, 2016). Paraklētos. In Faithlife Study Bible. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.

The term paraklētos only occurs in the NT writings associated with the apostle John. In secular contexts, the Greek word indicated a legal representative or lawyer who would intercede before the court on behalf of someone else.

Paraklētos
Definition
One who acts on another’s behalf as a helper, legal advocate, advisor, or intermediary
English Translation
Versions
advocate
leb; esv; niv; nlt; kjv; nasb
helper
nasb; esv
counselor
rsv
comforter
kjv
New Testament Occurrences
Gospels (only John)
4

Paraklētos

Definition

One who acts on another’s behalf as a helper, legal advocate, advisor, or intermediary

English Translation

Versions

advocate

LEB; ESV; NIV; NLT; KJV; NASB

helper

NASB; ESV

counselor

RSV

comforter

KJV

New Testament Occurrences

Gospels (only John)

4

Acts

0

Paul’s Letters

0

General Letters (only 1 John)

1

Revelation

0

Total nt Uses

5

The term paraklētos only occurs in the NT writings associated with the apostle John. In secular contexts, the Greek word indicated a legal representative or lawyer who would intercede before the court on behalf

Acts
0
Paul’s Letters
0
General Letters (only 1 John)
1
Revelation
0
Total nt Uses
5
Seal, D. (2012, 2016). Paraklētos. In Faithlife Study Bible. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.

The Gospel of John assigns the title of paraklētos to the Holy Spirit (John 14:16–17; 14:26; 15:26). The word occurs four times in the context of Jesus’ farewell conversation with His disciples (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). During this discourse, Jesus promises the disciples that He will send another paraklētos to be in them and with them forever (John 14:16–17), implying that Jesus has already served as a paraklētos for His followers. Thus, as “another” like Jesus, the paraklētos will mediate the presence of Christ. The paraklētos’ role of mediating the presence of Christ is also suggested in Jesus’ post-resurrection promise to manifest Himself to those who love Him, an appearance that the world will not be able to see (John 14:17–21). The paraklētos’ task of teaching the disciples and reminding them of all that Jesus taught them (John 14:26) further mediates Jesus’ presence with the disciples after His resurrection and ascension, providing them with comfort and consolation in Jesus’ absence.

The connotations of paraklētos as one who acts as an advocate for another are present in the Gospel of John when the term was employed to describe one who was given to testify, argue or advocate alongside the disciples to the world concerning God’s saving truth, manifested in the person of Jesus (John 15:25–26). The paraklētos is further described as a prosecutor, exposing the world with respect to its sin of unbelief (John 16:7–11).

The only other occurrence of the word is in 1 John 2:1 where Jesus serves as a paraklētos, advocating in the court of heaven with the Father, on the sinner’s behalf.

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