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Romans 10

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Our Response to Him

Romans 10:1–2 NASB95
Brethren, my heart’s desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation. For I testify about them that they have a zeal for God, but not in accordance with knowledge.
What are things that we have zeal for today?
What are things that we have zeal for today?
Is it certain theological concepts?
Is it for certain authors?
Write down things that you have a passion for? Why are you passionate about them? What good do they do you?
Paul says he was at one time zealous for the wrong things (; ; ; Phil 3:5-6)
Acts 22:3 NASB95
“I am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated under Gamaliel, strictly according to the law of our fathers, being zealous for God just as you all are today.
; ; ;
Acts 26:9–11 NASB95
“So then, I thought to myself that I had to do many things hostile to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. “And this is just what I did in Jerusalem; not only did I lock up many of the saints in prisons, having received authority from the chief priests, but also when they were being put to death I cast my vote against them. “And as I punished them often in all the synagogues, I tried to force them to blaspheme; and being furiously enraged at them, I kept pursuing them even to foreign cities.
; ;
Galatians 1:14 NASB95
and I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries among my countrymen, being more extremely zealous for my ancestral traditions.
;
Philippians 3:5–6 NASB95
circumcised the eighth day, of the nation of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews; as to the Law, a Pharisee; as to zeal, a persecutor of the church; as to the righteousness which is in the Law, found blameless.
“It is better, to limp in the right way than to run with all our might out of the way.” Augustine
“It is better, to limp in the right way than to run with all our might out of the way.” Augustine
Define what this means? "Zeal not in accordance w/ knowledge"
Define what this means? "Zeal not in accordance w/ knowledge"
"There is no question that his Jewish compatriots were zealous for God, but unfortunately their zeal was not guided by knowledge (v. 2). They had no valid insight into God’s plan for providing righteousness. They failed completely to recognize the righteousness that comes from God. “In their eagerness to set up a righteousness of their own” (TCNT) they would not submit themselves to God’s plan. It is important to see that Israel’s failure resulted from its determination to achieve its objective in its own way. God would have to come to terms with them. Their lack of knowledge was self-inflicted. Refuse the truth and God will give you up to your own foolishness" (Robert Mounce)
The only thing God requires of people is that they not persist in trying to earn what they can only receive as a totally free gift. Their problem is that pride stands in the way of receiving God’s gift. Deeply ingrained in people’s hostility to divine grace is a proud and stubborn self-reliance that would rather suffer loss than be deprived of an occasion for boasting (Robert Mounce)
The only thing God requires of people is that they not persist in trying to earn what they can only receive as a totally free gift. Their problem is that pride stands in the way of receiving God’s gift. Deeply ingrained in people’s hostility to divine grace is a proud and stubborn self-reliance that would rather suffer loss than be deprived of an occasion for boasting
Romans 10:3 NASB95
For not knowing about God’s righteousness and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.
This is a way that "church" folks can make a mistake as well.
This is a way that "church" folks can make a mistake as well.
We must subject ourselves to the correct mode of righteousness (by faith)
Romans 10:4 NASB95
For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.
“There is uncertainty about how we should take the Greek: it might be understood as “Christ ends the law and brings righteousness for everyone who has faith” (NEB) or as “Christ is the end of the law as a way to righteousness for everyone who has faith” (NEB mg.). Either is possible, and whichever we adopt Paul is speaking of the decisiveness and the finality of the work of Christ.” (Leon Morris)
“There is uncertainty about how we should take the Greek: it might be understood as “Christ ends the law and brings righteousness for everyone who has faith” (NEB) or as “Christ is the end of the law as a way to righteousness for everyone who has faith” (NEB mg.). Either is possible, and whichever we adopt Paul is speaking of the decisiveness and the finality of the work of Christ.” (Leon Morris)
Leon Morris
Romans 10:5 NASB95
For Moses writes that the man who practices the righteousness which is based on law shall live by that righteousness.
; ; , , ;
Leviticus 18:5 NASB95
‘So you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, by which a man may live if he does them; I am the Lord.
; , , ;
Nehemiah 9:29 NASB95
And admonished them in order to turn them back to Your law. Yet they acted arrogantly and did not listen to Your commandments but sinned against Your ordinances, By which if a man observes them he shall live. And they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck, and would not listen.
Ezekiel 20:11 NASB95
“I gave them My statutes and informed them of My ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live.
, ,
Ezekiel 20:13 NASB95
“But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They did not walk in My statutes and they rejected My ordinances, by which, if a man observes them, he will live; and My sabbaths they greatly profaned. Then I resolved to pour out My wrath on them in the wilderness, to annihilate them.
13
,
Ezekiel 10:21 NASB95
Each one had four faces and each one four wings, and beneath their wings was the form of human hands.
Romans 7:10 NASB95
and this commandment, which was to result in life, proved to result in death for me;
“That is to say, if a person is able to perform all that the law requires, it will lead to life. The problem lies in the fact that no one is able to live up to the requirements of the law. Although law points us in the right direction, it provides no power to achieve its demands. It was never meant as a way to merit God’s favor. Its role was to reflect the character of God in terms of ethical goals. The Jewish legalists had perverted the divine intention of the law and made it into a way to gain God’s favor based on personal merit.” (Robert H. Mounce)
Robert H. Mounce
Denney comments, “the law was not a collection of statutes, but a revelation of God’s character and will, and he who sought to keep it did so not alone, but in conscious dependence on God whose grace was shown above all things else by His gift of such a revelation.” (Leon Morris)
Denney comments, “the law was not a collection of statutes, but a revelation of God’s character and will, and he who sought to keep it did so not alone, but in conscious dependence on God whose grace was shown above all things else by His gift of such a revelation.”
Leon Morris
Romans 10:6 NASB95
But the righteousness based on faith speaks as follows: “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ (that is, to bring Christ down),
Do not "think" / say in your heart - that what Christ did is impossible
Romans 10:
Romans 10:7–8 NASB95
or ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’ (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).” But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart”—that is, the word of faith which we are preaching,
This is using the following passage in Deuteronomy to make Paul's point about
Deuteronomy 30:11–14 NASB95
“For this commandment which I command you today is not too difficult for you, nor is it out of reach. “It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will go up to heaven for us to get it for us and make us hear it, that we may observe it?’ “Nor is it beyond the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will cross the sea for us to get it for us and make us hear it, that we may observe it?’ “But the word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart, that you may observe it.
How does that speak to faith? It defines it.
"the word of faith, “the message that calls for faith” (TH) as he immediately explains. This means the whole way of faith that was the burden of his preaching, the word that tells of faith and that invites to faith. The verb we are proclaiming is in the present tense, denoting the habitual act. Paul and his companions constantly proclaim the word of faith.” (Leon Morris)
Leon Morris
Romans 10:9 NASB95
that if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved;
Paul comes to the central thing about what it "look like" to respond to God
Confessing (Mouth - Outward)
NO one enters into God's salvation through mere outward expression
Believing (Heart - Inward)
NOR is there an inner state that does not have an outward expression
Confession of Christ is the public declaration of commitment to the Lordship of Christ and our faith in his Lordship (Kingship)
If you were in the service just over a month ago, you may have heard me ask Sophia, what was her Christian Confession - "Jesus is Lord."I am saying to all who would hear - "I believe" and "it has changed my entire life."
1 Corinthians 12:3 NASB95
Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus is accursed”; and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.
(NASB95)
"Paul is saying, that to know that Jesus is Lord is not a human discovery; it is something revealed by the Holy Spirit" (Leon Morris)
3 Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus is accursed”; and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.
Believing it was the Inner man or the Soul does "It matters that we believe and it matters what we believe
"Paul is saying, that to know that Jesus is Lord is not a human discovery; it is something revealed by the Holy Spirit" Leon Morris Believing it was the Inner man or the Soul does"It matters that we believe and it matters what we believeIt means that faith has content; Paul is not advocating a fideism in which all that matters is to believe. To Paul it matters that we believe, but it also matters what we believe. Here he speaks of believing that God raised him from the dead. The resurrection is of critical importance. It is at the cross that God did his saving work, but Paul does not believe in a dead martyr but in a living Savior. Not only did Jesus die for our sins but God raised him, triumphant over all the forces of evil.
It means that faith has content; Paul is not advocating a fideism in which all that matters is to believe. To Paul it matters that we believe, but it also matters what we believe. Here he speaks of believing that God raised him from the dead. The resurrection is of critical importance. It is at the cross that God did his saving work, but Paul does not believe in a dead martyr but in a living Savior. Not only did Jesus die for our sins but God raised him, triumphant over all the forces of evil. (Leon Morris)
Leon Morris, The Epistle to the Romans, The Pillar New Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI; Leicester, England: W.B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press, 1988), 385–386.
And the resurrection of Christ means everything.
1 Corinthians 15:16–17 NASB95
For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins.
There are so many arguments we can have about this and that - but the resurrection of Christ is what all of it hinges on. It is what proves that God exists and that he is a lover of man.
16 For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised;
According to God's justice Jesus died, and according to God's power he raised him to be Lord over all that ever will be - You see - "For Our God Reigns" (present tense). It is this we believe and it is this we must confess.
17 and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins.
It is this we believe and it is this we must confess.
There are so many arguments we can have about this and that - but the resurrection of Christ is what all of it hinges on. It is what proves that God exists and that he is a lover of man.According to God's justice Jesus died, and according to God's power he raised him to be Lord over all that ever will be - You see - "For Our God Reigns" (present tense). It is this we believe and it is this we must confess There are so many things that we can say about God, but there is only one thing that we ought to say to Him, and that is Yes!
There are so many things that we can say about God, but there is only one thing that we ought to say to Him, and that is Yes!
Romans 10:10 NASB95
for with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation.
He is simply saying what parts of us do what specific things - they are not to be separated.
Also here they are in the correct order - prior Paul is using the order of the verse he is referring to
Romans 10:11 NASB95
For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes in Him will not be disappointed.”
Isaiah 28
Isaiah 28:16 NASB95
Therefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, A costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed.
Romans 10:12–13 NASB95
For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, abounding in riches for all who call on Him; for “Whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved.”
Does this mean, Whoever - whoever? YES
Does this mean, Whoever - whoever? YES
What does it mean to call on the name of the Lord?
It means to recognize him as the only authority that you both (1) have access to and that (2) can do something about it.
In my house we have potty-trained one of our children and are in the process of doing the same for another one. It was not uncommon for McLendon to call on the name of "Mommy" to clean him up. By virtue of the mother-son relationship, he had access, but only if she was there could she do something about it.
The one who calls on the name of the Lord recognizes that God can fix the situation - my issue is sin, and God says that he can both forgive me for mine in the past and help me live in such a way that I can overcome it in the present through his power.
Romans 10
Romans 10:14–15 NASB95
How then will they call on Him in whom they have not believed? How will they believe in Him whom they have not heard? And how will they hear without a preacher? How will they preach unless they are sent? Just as it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news of good things!”
The place of the gospel message and the purpose of the messenger
We are going to make way for KJ to speak about how God has been working on him in this area and some practical helps for getting better at this too.
Romans 10:16–18 NASB95
However, they did not all heed the good news; for Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our report?” So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ. But I say, surely they have never heard, have they? Indeed they have; Their voice has gone out into all the earth, And their words to the ends of the world.”
-18
Romans 10:19–21 NASB95
But I say, surely Israel did not know, did they? First Moses says, “I will make you jealous by that which is not a nation, By a nation without understanding will I anger you.” And Isaiah is very bold and says, “I was found by those who did not seek Me, I became manifest to those who did not ask for Me.” But as for Israel He says, “All the day long I have stretched out My hands to a disobedient and obstinate people.”
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