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Out With the Old In With the New 2

Parables of Jesus  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Parable of the new cloth, the new wine and the new wineskins

Notes & Transcripts

RECORD

If you were here last week than you may remember that we began the process of looking at the parable of Jesus from and while we never got to the actual parable we instead spent our time looking at what happened leading up to Jesus speaking this parable
In the days and hours leading up to this confrontation with the Pharisees Jesus had begun His earthly ministry by doing things opposite of the way that the religious teachers of the day were doing them
Without trying to, Jesus was provoking these powerful men and threatening their way of life as well as their position among the people
And as can be expecting they were not just going to sit idly by and watch it happen, so they took action by challenging Jesus about His beliefs regarding fasting, or the lack thereof
Let’s pick up our story in ,
Luke 5:33–35 NIV
They said to him, “John’s disciples often fast and pray, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours go on eating and drinking.” Jesus answered, “Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast while he is with them? But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them; in those days they will fast.”
Luke 5:33-
Luke 5:33–39 NIV
They said to him, “John’s disciples often fast and pray, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours go on eating and drinking.” Jesus answered, “Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast while he is with them? But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them; in those days they will fast.” He told them this parable: “No one tears a piece out of a new garment to patch an old one. Otherwise, they will have torn the new garment, and the patch from the new will not match the old. And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the new wine will burst the skins; the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined. No, new wine must be poured into new wineskins. And no one after drinking old wine wants the new, for they say, ‘The old is better.’ ”
Fasting is the act of denying oneself food and it was commanded by God for one day a year, Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement as per
Fasting is the act of denying oneself food and it was commanded by God for one day a year, Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement as per
So it is no wonder that while fasting was only
Despite being commanded for just this one day however, fasting became an important part of Jewish life and is seen throughout the Old Testament
Usually when there was a desperate need of the people calling or doing the fast
Over and over again God responded to His people when they fasted and prayed and so with time fasting began to become associated with a person’s level of spirituality
It was a marker so-to-speak of the more pious
I believe that this is what led to it becoming a part of the regular routine of the “more spiritual” people such as the Pharisees
The Pharisees fasted twice a week, on Mondays and Thursdays
And they wanted to make sure that everyone knew they were fasting so they would put white ash on their heads and parade around moaning and groaning to show that they were spiritual
This practice is what led Jesus to say in
Matthew 6:16–18 NIV
“When you fast, do not look somber as the hypocrites do, for they disfigure their faces to show others they are fasting. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full. But when you fast, put oil on your head and wash your face, so that it will not be obvious to others that you are fasting, but only to your Father, who is unseen; and your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.
So when they confronted Jesus that day about His views on fasting they were challenging His level of spirituality as well as His take on the traditions of the Jews
These practices could be traced back thousands of years, they were the normal and accepted practice of the day
It is to this that Jesus responds and tells everyone listening (remember there’s a great party going on) that the time has come for the old to go and the new to come
Let’s break down what Jesus really said
Jesus begins by talking about it being time for a celebration a big party and the reason is that the bridegroom is with them
This might seem like a nice illustrative picture to us but for those Bible scholars who were present that day Jesus is declaring Himself to be the Messiah, the one whom they had been waiting for
This concept of the Messiah as the bridegroom was throughout the Old Testament, Especially in the prophet Hosea's writings
Not to mention that the recent words of John the Baptist which were probably still ringing in their ears
John 3:28–29 NIV
You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah but am sent ahead of him.’ The bride belongs to the bridegroom. The friend who attends the bridegroom waits and listens for him, and is full of joy when he hears the bridegroom’s voice. That joy is mine, and it is now complete.
John 3:
At the risk of oversimplifying what is taking place here, Jesus is basically saying that the seasons have changed and the time is right for some spring cleaning
And that’s when He speaks to them this parable ,
Luke 5:36-39
Luke 5:36–39 NIV
He told them this parable: “No one tears a piece out of a new garment to patch an old one. Otherwise, they will have torn the new garment, and the patch from the new will not match the old. And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the new wine will burst the skins; the wine will run out and the wineskins will be ruined. No, new wine must be poured into new wineskins. And no one after drinking old wine wants the new, for they say, ‘The old is better.’ ”
Let’s look at each of the “Old things” that Jesus said needed to go
First the “Old Garment”
Many of us can relate to this illustration because while growing up our moms did everything that they could to make our clothes last as long as possible, including sewing patches onto them
Little bit different from today where people pay extra for jeans that are already ripped and torn…but I digress
The practice of patching ripped and torn clothes was also common in the days of Jesus, money was tight and people had to what they could to extend their budget
But remember that they did not have the technology that we have today and to sew a new patch on an old garment meant one thing would happen, the first time it was washed the new patch would shrink and the older frailer garment would pull apart making it worse at the end than at the start
Jesus was making it clear that He had not come with some new patches to cover over the holes that people were exploiting in Judaism
Unlike every other Rabbi who was trying to make a name for himself, Jesus was not trying to add something to what they already had
That His ways were not ways to be added to the collective form of Judaism with its concepts of working towards your righteousness
reminds us that “All our righteous acts are like filthy rags”
If you forget about the bad stuff we’ve done and only use our righteous acts to make a judgement, it still amounts to nothing more than a pile of filthy rags
Not something you patch and put back on but that you get rid of
Now just before someone misinterprets what I am saying, I am NOT saying that Christ was saying to get rid of the law
Matthew 5:17
Matthew 5:17–20 NIV
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.
The law was never intended to be a list of does and don’ts but was supposed to be a means to the heart and character of God, following the law wasn’t intended to provide righteousness but was supposed to lead a person to faith in Jehovah and that faith was their key to righteousness
In AKA the Hall of faith it states 23 times that these great women and men of God acted “by faith” and thus were made righteous
But the law had become the end and not the journey and Jesus said it’s time for that way of thinking, that method of religion to go to the curb
He then moves right into the new wine and the old wine which is so very clearly a representation of the covenant that God had with His people
Because we have the privilege of hindsight let us flip over a few chapters to where the earthly ministry of Jesus is about to come to an end so He joins His disciples for one more passover meal
If you were with us several years ago when we celebrated the Haggadah of Passover you may remember that there are four different “cups” of wine that are celebrated
Before the meal the cup of sanctification, during the meal the cup of plagues, after the meal the cup of redemption and at the very end the cup of praise
Let’s read,
Luke 22:
Luke 22:20 NIV
In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.
In God had made a covenant with the people of Israel and had sealed it with the sprinkling of the blood of sacrifices
But the people had broken the covenant, they hadn’t kept up to their end of things
So when Jesus, the Lamb of God, comes on the scene He tells them that it is now the time to do away with the old wine, that the time for a new cup of redemption was at hand
Redemption that came by placing their faith and trust in Him
There’s one problem with that though, new wine in an old wineskin is never a good combination
As the wineskins age they would dry out and they would lose their elasticity, the new wine which was still in the process of fermentation needed that flexibility to allow it to mature
The same was true of this new way of doing things that Jesus was proposing, they could not work within the unrelenting confines of the traditions associated with the law
Again notice that I said the “traditions associated with the law” and not the law itself because Jesus had come to fulfill the law
Perhaps the best example of what Jesus meant by this is found in the sermon on the mount right after the part I read earlier about Jesus not coming to abolish the law
From there Jesus goes on to explain the difference between His teachings and the traditions of Judaism for such things as murder, adultery, divorce, revenge, love, generosity and more
The Pharisees strictly observed the Talmud which was the oral laws or traditional interpretation of the laws that had been collected over the centuries but instead of the traditions of men Jesus concerned Himself with the heart of God
These are the famous “You have heard that it was said…But I say...” sayings and they show that the way that Jesus was teaching, which was still in fulfillment of the law, went against the grain of the traditions of religion
The Pharisees strictly observed the Talmud which was the oral laws or traditional interpretation of the laws that had been collected over the centuries but instead of the traditions of men Jesus concerned Himself with the heart of God
These religious men were indignant with Jesus because in the past little while He seemed to be doing everything that He could to show contempt for the things that a Rabbi should hold near and dear
So they tried to challenge Him on an obvious and very public tradition, the fast
In response Jesus did what He always did best, He kind of ignores their question and yet uses it as a springboard to tell them what they really needed to hear
That they season was right to do some spring cleaning to get rid of the old and replace it with the new
So why have I spent two weeks on what amounts to more of a Bible study than a sermon series?
The reason is simple, because the message that Jesus spoke is a message that we still need to hear today
Jesus ends His parable by stating that in spite of the new way being better, people get stuck in their old ways, in their traditions and they find it very hard to give it up
The reason, religion is far easier than following the way that Jesus calls us to, it’s more comfortable, it’s a fulfillment of duty
It is far easier for us to follow a religious set of parameters than it is for us to transform our lives
It is far easier to mandate a tithe of 10% than it is to change our heart so that we become generous
It is easier to forgive 7 times for the same trespass than it is to forgive just as we have been forgiven
It is easier to look good on the outside than it is to transform from the inside and that is the point of this parable
The time is here to do away with righteousness based on works and to base our righteousness on our faith in Jesus Christ
To do away with religion and replace it with a personal relationship with the God of the universe who took the opportunity to be present with us and show us what God is like
And, as says, to “take off your old self with its practices, and put on the new self, which is being renewed in the image of its creator.”
Let’s Pray
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