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Authority of Jesus Christ

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The right of Jesus Christ to speak and act on his Father’s behalf in forgiving sin, pronouncing judgment and promising eternal life to those who believe in him.

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Jesus Christ’s authority underlines his divine status

John 8:28 HCSB
So Jesus said to them, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He, and that I do nothing on My own. But just as the Father taught Me, I say these things.
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The origin of Jesus Christ’s authority

It is given by God the Father

John 3:35 HCSB
The Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hands.
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It is limited by the Father

Mark 10:40 HCSB
But to sit at My right or left is not Mine to give; instead, it is for those it has been prepared for.”
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It is questioned by others

Matthew 12:24–28 HCSB
When the Pharisees heard this, they said, “The man drives out demons only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.” Knowing their thoughts, He told them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is headed for destruction, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, who is it your sons drive them out by? For this reason they will be your judges. If I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come to you.
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The authority of Jesus Christ is seen in his works

He has authority over nature

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He has authority over sin

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He has authority over sickness

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He has authority over evil


He has authority over death

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The authority of Jesus Christ is seen in his teaching

Jesus Christ claims authority for his own words

Luke 4:18 HCSB
The Spirit of the Lord is on Me, because He has anointed Me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent Me to proclaim freedom to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set free the oppressed,
See also ; ; ; ; ; ; ; The use of the phrase “I tell you the truth” emphasises Jesus Christ’s authority; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; The “I am” sayings in John’s Gospel emphasise the divine nature of Jesus Christ’s authority;

His authority is recognised by others

Matthew 7:28–29 HCSB
When Jesus had finished this sermon, the crowds were astonished at His teaching, because He was teaching them like one who had authority, and not like their scribes.
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His authority is questioned and opposed by others


Jesus Christ delegates his authority to others

His followers preach in his name


His followers continue his works

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His followers pronounce his forgiveness and judgment

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The results of Jesus Christ’s authority

He receives honour and glory

John 5:22–23 HCSB
The Father, in fact, judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son, so that all people will honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Anyone who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.
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He arouses amazement


He is opposed

Matthew 12:14 HCSB
But the Pharisees went out and plotted against Him, how they might destroy Him.

He is feared

Luke 8:37 HCSB
Then all the people of the Gerasene region asked Him to leave them, because they were gripped by great fear. So getting into the boat, He returned.

His disciples are opposed

Acts 16:16–24 HCSB
Once, as we were on our way to prayer, a slave girl met us who had a spirit of prediction. She made a large profit for her owners by fortune-telling. As she followed Paul and us she cried out, “These men, who are proclaiming to you the way of salvation, are the slaves of the Most High God.” And she did this for many days. But Paul was greatly aggravated and turning to the spirit, said, “I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her!” And it came out right away. When her owners saw that their hope of profit was gone, they seized Paul and Silas and dragged them into the marketplace to the authorities. Bringing them before the chief magistrates, they said, “These men are seriously disturbing our city. They are Jews and are promoting customs that are not legal for us as Romans to adopt or practice.” Then the mob joined in the attack against them, and the chief magistrates stripped off their clothes and ordered them to be beaten with rods. After they had inflicted many blows on them, they threw them in jail, ordering the jailer to keep them securely guarded. Receiving such an order, he put them into the inner prison and secured their feet in the stocks.

The authority of the exalted Christ

He is Lord

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He is Lord of creation

Colossians 1:16–17 HCSB
For everything was created by Him, in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities— all things have been created through Him and for Him. He is before all things, and by Him all things hold together.

He is Lord of the church

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He is judge


He is Saviour

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He is interceder

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