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Gift of Holy Spirit

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In the OT the gift of the Holy Spirit was restricted to individuals for particular tasks, but at Pentecost and on subsequent occasions, the Holy Spirit is given to all believers.

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The gift of the Holy Spirit in the OT

The Spirit is given to individuals for specific tasks

to Saul, for kingship; to Bezalel, for craftsmanship

The gift of the Spirit can be withdrawn

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The gift of the Holy Spirit is foretold

He is promised by John the Baptist

Matthew 3:11 ESV
“I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.

He is promised by Jesus Christ

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The gift of the Holy Spirit before Pentecost

Individuals filled with the Spirit

Luke 1:15 ESV
for he will be great before the Lord. And he must not drink wine or strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb.
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Jesus Christ receives the gift of the Spirit

Matthew 3:16 ESV
And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him;

Jesus Christ bids his disciples receive the Holy Spirit

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The gift of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost and after

At Pentecost

Acts 2:2–4 ESV
And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.
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The Spirit was given on later occasions

Acts 10:44 ESV
While Peter was still saying these things, the Holy Spirit fell on all who heard the word.
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The gift of the Spirit is for all believers

Acts 2:38–39 ESV
And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is for you and for your children and for all who are far off, everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself.”
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God’s willingness to give the Spirit

Luke 11:13 ESV
If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!”
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God’s purposes require the gift of the Holy Spirit

To give assurance of acceptance by God

Acts 15:8 ESV
And God, who knows the heart, bore witness to them, by giving them the Holy Spirit just as he did to us,
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To convict the world of sin

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To provide spiritual gifts

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To work miracles, signs and wonders

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To give boldness in preaching and witnessing

Acts 1:8 ESV
But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”
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To cultivate the fruit of the Spirit

Romans 14:17 ESV
For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking but of righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
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To sanctify the believer

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