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Resurrection of Jesus Christ

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The resurrection of Jesus Christ is of central importance to the NT. It affirms the divinity of Jesus Christ, marks the words and deeds of his ministry with God’s seal of approval and opens the way to the future resurrection of believers.

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Jesus Christ’s resurrection was foreshadowed in the OT

In Abraham and Isaac:


In Jonah:

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Jesus Christ’s resurrection was predicted

In the OT

1 Corinthians 15:3–4 HCSB
For I passed on to you as most important what I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that He was buried, that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,
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By Jesus Christ himself

Matthew 16:21 HCSB
From then on Jesus began to point out to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders, chief priests, and scribes, be killed, and be raised the third day.
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Jesus Christ’s resurrection was anticipated by the raising of the dead

In the OT

None of the OT or NT miracles are true resurrections. Those raised resumed life as before, their bodies unchanged. Resurrection for Jesus Christ and therefore for his people means a changed body and permanent life in glory. This is the “better resurrection”.
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In the miracles of Jesus Christ

Luke 7:22 HCSB
He replied to them, “Go and report to John the things you have seen and heard: The blind receive their sight, the lame walk, those with skin diseases are healed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor are told the good news.
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The sequence of events in Jesus Christ’s resurrection

It was preceded by suffering and death

Philippians 2:8–9 HCSB
He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death— even to death on a cross. For this reason God highly exalted Him and gave Him the name that is above every name,
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It took place on the first day of the week

John 20:1–2 HCSB
On the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark. She saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb. So she ran to Simon Peter and to the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put Him!”

It was announced by angels

Matthew 28:5–6 HCSB
But the angel told the women, “Don’t be afraid, because I know you are looking for Jesus who was crucified. He is not here! For He has been resurrected, just as He said. Come and see the place where He lay.
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The disciples were reluctant to believe it

Luke 24:25–26 HCSB
He said to them, “How unwise and slow you are to believe in your hearts all that the prophets have spoken! Didn’t the Messiah have to suffer these things and enter into His glory?”
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The disciples saw the evidence and were ultimately convinced

John 2:22 HCSB
So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this. And they believed the Scripture and the statement Jesus had made.
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The risen Christ appeared to many people

Acts 1:3 HCSB
After He had suffered, He also presented Himself alive to them by many convincing proofs, appearing to them during 40 days and speaking about the kingdom of God.

To the disciples:

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To Mary Magdalene:

to two on the Emmaus road

To Peter:


To Paul:

; to over 500 people; to James

The resurrection was followed by Jesus Christ’s entry into glory

Romans 8:34 HCSB
Who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is the One who died, but even more, has been raised; He also is at the right hand of God and intercedes for us.
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Jesus Christ’s resurrection body was spiritual but not ghostly

Luke 24:37–39 HCSB
But they were startled and terrified and thought they were seeing a ghost. “Why are you troubled?” He asked them. “And why do doubts arise in your hearts? Look at My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself! Touch Me and see, because a ghost does not have flesh and bones as you can see I have.”
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