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John 20.19-31

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John 20:19–31 ESV
On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the doors being locked where the disciples were for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord. Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.” And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold forgiveness from any, it is withheld.” Now Thomas, one of the twelve, called the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came. So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see in his hands the mark of the nails, and place my finger into the mark of the nails, and place my hand into his side, I will never believe.” Eight days later, his disciples were inside again, and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.” Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here, and see my hands; and put out your hand, and place it in my side. Do not disbelieve, but believe.” Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
John 20:19 ESV
19 On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the doors being locked where the disciples were for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.”
First Day of the week-
Our Lord rested in the tomb on the Sabbath and arose from the dead on the first day of the week. Many people sincerely call Sunday “the Christian Sabbath,” but Sunday is not the Sabbath Day. The seventh day of the week, the Sabbath, commemorates God’s finished work of Creation (Gen. 2:1–3). The Lord’s Day commemorates Christ’s finished work of redemption, the “new creation.” God the Father worked for six days and then rested. God the Son suffered on the cross for six hours and then rested.
Jesus came and stood among them
There were at least five Resurrection appearances of our Lord on that first day of the week:
to Mary Magdalene (John 20:11–18),
the other women (Matt. 28:9–10),
Peter (1 Cor. 15:5 and Luke 24:34),
the two Emmaus disciples (Luke 24:13–32),
and the disciples minus Thomas (John 20:19–25).
The next Sunday, the disciples met again and Thomas was with them (John 20:26–31). I
It would appear that the believers from the very first met together on Sunday evening, which came to be called “the Lord’s Day” (Rev. 1:10). It appears that the early church met on the first day of the week to worship the Lord and commemorate His death and resurrection (Acts 20:7; 1 Cor. 16:1–2).

said to them, “Peace be with you.”

John 20:20 ESV
20 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.
he showed them his hands and his side.
But the wounds meant more than identification; they also were evidence that the price for salvation had been paid and man indeed could have “peace with God.” The basis for all our peace is found in the person and work of Jesus Christ.
Romans 5:1 ESV
Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 2:14–17 ESV
For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has broken down in his flesh the dividing wall of hostility by abolishing the law of commandments expressed in ordinances, that he might create in himself one new man in place of the two, so making peace, and might reconcile us both to God in one body through the cross, thereby killing the hostility. And he came and preached peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near.
John 20:21 ESV
21 Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.”
Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I am sending you.”
John 20:22 ESV
22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold forgiveness from any, it is withheld.”
John 20:23 ESV
23 If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold forgiveness from any, it is withheld.”
John 20:24 ESV
24 Now Thomas, one of the twelve, called the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came.
Thomas, one of the twelve, called the Twin, was not with them when Jesus came.
John 20:25 ESV
25 So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see in his hands the mark of the nails, and place my finger into the mark of the nails, and place my hand into his side, I will never believe.”
So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see in his hands the mark of the nails, and place my finger into the mark of the nails, and place my hand into his side, I will never believe.”
John for Everyone, Part 2: Chapters 11–21 Jesus and Thomas (John 20:24–31)

The dour, dogged disciple who suggested they might as well go with Jesus, if only to die with him (11:16), who complained that Jesus hadn’t made things anything like clear enough (14:5), just happened to be the one who was somewhere else on the first Easter day.

John 11:16 ESV
So Thomas, called the Twin, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.”
John 14:5 ESV
Thomas said to him, “Lord, we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?”
Eeyore-
Pout Pout Fish...
I’m a pout-pout fish with a pout-pout face. So I spread the dreary-wearies all over the place. Blub. Bluuuub. Bluuuuub.
I should have known it all along. I thought I was a pouty, but it turns out I was wrong. I’m a kiss-kiss fish with a kiss-kiss face. For spreading cheery-cheeries all over the place … Smooooooooch!
Thomas’ words help us to understand the difference between doubt and unbelief.+
Doubt says, “I cannot believe! There are too many problems!”
Unbelief says, “I will not believe unless you give me the evidence I ask for!” In fact, in the Greek text, there is a double negative: “I positively will not believe!”
Thomas is a good warning to all of us not to miss meeting with God’s people on the Lord’s Day (Heb. 10:22–25). Because Thomas was not there, he missed seeing Jesus Christ, hearing His words of peace, and receiving His commission and gift of spiritual life. He had to endure a week of fear and unbelief when he could have been experiencing joy and peace! Remember Thomas when you are tempted to stay home from church. Y
Hebrews 10:22–25 ESV
let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who promised is faithful. And let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works, not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near.
John 20:26 ESV
26 Eight days later, his disciples were inside again, and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.”
John 20:27 ESV
27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here, and see my hands; and put out your hand, and place it in my side. Do not disbelieve, but believe.”
Our Lord’s words translate literally, “Stop becoming faithless but become a believer.” Jesus saw a dangerous process at work in Thomas’ heart, and He wanted to put a stop to it. The best commentary on this is Hebrews 3, where God warns against “an evil heart of unbelief” (Heb. 3:12).
Hebrews 3:12 ESV
Take care, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart, leading you to fall away from the living God.
John 20:28 ESV
28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!”
Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!”
John the Baptist (John 1:34);
John 1:34 ESV
And I have seen and have borne witness that this is the Son of God.”
Nathanael (John 1:49);
John 1:49 ESV
Nathanael answered him, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”
Jesus Himself (John 5:25; 10:36);
John 5:25 ESV
“Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live.
Peter (John 6:69);
John 6:69 ESV
and we have believed, and have come to know, that you are the Holy One of God.”
the healed blind man (John 9:35);
John 9:35 ESV
Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and having found him he said, “Do you believe in the Son of Man?”
Martha (John 11:27); and, of course,
John 11:27 ESV
She said to him, “Yes, Lord; I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.”
John 20:29 ESV
29 Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”
John 20:30 ESV
30 Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book;
John 20:31 ESV
31 but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
John himself (John 20:30–31).
John 20:30–31 ESV
Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.

The Resurrection Changes Everything

The Resurrection Transforms Fear Into Gladness

He Came To Them- John 20.19-20
John 20:19–20 ESV
On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the doors being locked where the disciples were for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.

The Resurrection Transforms Our Ignorance Into Knowledge

John 20:20 ESV
When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.
He Reassured them.
His Identity was Transparent.
some of us are worried we don’t know what we are doing. Some think we are the blind leading the blind. WE may be.
But, what we don’t know .... He does.
Say that with me… What We Don’t Know, He Does.
Stop looking at pastors. Stop looking at people. Stop l

The Resurrection Transforms Our Purpose Into His Calling

John 17:18 ESV
As you sent me into the world, so I have sent them into the world.
John 15:9 ESV
As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Abide in my love.
John 17:26 ESV
I made known to them your name, and I will continue to make it known, that the love with which you have loved me may be in them, and I in them.”
Matthew 28:18–20 ESV
And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”
The Great Commission- Barna Report 51 percent of churchgoing Christians don’t know what it means. (we are so much about us, instead of them).

The Resurrection Transforms Our Weakness Into His Strength

John 20:22 ESV
And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
Acts 1:4–5 ESV
And while staying with them he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, “you heard from me; for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”
Acts 2:1–4 ESV
When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.
The Spirit had dwelt with them in the person of Christ, but now the Spirit would be in them.
John 14:17 ESV
even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.
John 20:30–31 ESV
Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
“Life” is one of John’s key words; he uses it at least thirty-six times. Jesus offers sinners abundant life and eternal life; and the only way they can get it is through personal faith in Him.
If sinners need life, then the implication is that they are dead.
The lost sinner is not sick or weak; he is dead.
The ten disciples were changed from fear to courage, and Thomas was changed from unbelief to confidence. Now, John invites you to trust Jesus Christ and be changed from death to eternal life.
If you have already made this life-changing decision, give thanks to God for the precious gift of eternal life.
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