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The Preamble

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We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

This is the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution.

Exodus 20:1-2 is the preamble to the Ten Commandments.

Exodus 20:1–2 NKJV
1 And God spoke all these words, saying: 2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

1. God the Lawgiver (Exodus 20:1)

Exodus 20:1 NKJV
And God spoke all these words, saying:
Setting of the lawgiving (Exodus 19)
3rd month after the Israelites departed Egypt
God’s covenant - special treasure
Consecration of God’s people
Transcendence of God
Not the law of Moses but the Law of God (Exodus 32:15-16)
Emphasis - not from a man but it’s from God!
Exodus 32:15-16
Exodus 32:15–16 NKJV
15 And Moses turned and went down from the mountain, and the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides; on the one side and on the other they were written. 16 Now the tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God engraved on the tablets.
Reflection of the Lawgiver’s character
1st - God the One and Only God
2nd - God the Spirit
3rd - God the Exalted
4th - God the Worker and the Relaxer
5th - God the Father
6th - God the Life-Giver
7th - God the Faithful and Pure
8th - God the Creator and Provider
9th - God of Truth
10th - God the Trustworthy
Because God is eternal, His Law is eternal.
Did the Ten Commandments exist before God wrote them on the tablets of stone? YES!
How? Read the Scriptures before Exodus 20!

There are clear examples of commandment-breaking earlier in Exodus. The ten plagues God visited on Pharaoh were a direct punishment for Egypt’s idolatry, which violated the first and second commandments (Num. 33:4). Moses’ own personal exodus was occasioned by his violation of the sixth commandment (Exod. 2:11–15). At the burning bush God taught Moses to honor his name (Exod. 3:1–15), very much in keeping with the third commandment. God revealed the Sabbath principle of the fourth commandment by giving manna six days out of seven, and those who failed to follow the appropriate instructions suffered for their disobedience (Exod. 16). So at various points the exodus presupposed the existence of God’s law, even before the Israelites reached Mount Sinai.

We find the same principle at work in the book of Genesis, which contains many stories about people breaking God’s law. Noah’s son Ham was cursed for dishonoring his father (Gen. 9:18–27). Cain was condemned as a murderer (Gen. 4:10–12), the Sodomites as adulterers (Gen. 19:24, 25), Rachel as a thief (Gen. 31:19–32), Abraham as a liar (Gen. 20), and Lot’s wife as a covetous woman (Gen. 19). God had always dealt with people on the basis of his law. Certain commandments had been revealed to them, and if they were written nowhere else, they were written on the tablets of their hearts (see Rom. 2:14, 15).

God’s moral law went all the way back to the Garden of Eden, where (in addition to various other commands concerning sexuality, rest, and work) God told Adam and Eve not to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Theologians argue about whether or not our first parents also knew any of the Ten Commandments. The Bible simply doesn’t say. But whether or not God revealed any of its specific commands, Adam and Eve were ruled by its basic principles: love for God and love for one another. They were obligated to honor one another, to preserve life, and to tell the truth—the kind of conduct later mandated on Mount Sinai. And in their first sin, Adam and Eve managed to violate nearly all ten of God’s basic rules. Taking the forbidden fruit was a theft, stimulated by a covetous desire, based on a lie about God’s character. Eating it was a way of having another god. It was also tantamount to murder because it led to the death of the entire human race. From the beginning our first parents were bound by the basic principles of what theologians call the “law of creation” or “the law of nature.”

2. God the Personal God (Exodus 20:2)

Exodus 20:2 NKJV
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
“I am the LORD” - Yahweh (Exodus 3:14)
Exodus 3:14 NKJV
And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ”
“your God” - 2nd person, singular (Exodus 6:7; Exodus 15:26; Exodus 20:5; Exodus 20:7; Isaiah 7:11) - 493 verses
Exodus 6:7 NKJV
I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
Exodus 15:26 NKJV
and said, “If you diligently heed the voice of the Lord your God and do what is right in His sight, give ear to His commandments and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am the Lord who heals you.”
Exodus 20:5 NKJV
5 you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me,
Exodus 20:7 NKJV
7 “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
Isaiah 7:11 NKJV
11 “Ask a sign for yourself from the Lord your God; ask it either in the depth or in the height above.”
God knows you intimately (Luke 12:7; Psalm 139:17-18 ).
Psalm 139:17–18 NKJV
17 How precious also are Your thoughts to me, O God! How great is the sum of them! 18 If I should count them, they would be more in number than the sand; When I awake, I am still with You.
Luke 12:7 NKJV
7 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Do not fear therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.

3. God the Savior and Redeemer (Exodus 20:2)

Exodus 20:2 NKJV
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
God delivered the Israelites out of Egypt with a mighty hand (Exodus 14:13-14; Exodus 14:30-31).
Exodus 14:13–14 NKJV
13 And Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which He will accomplish for you today. For the Egyptians whom you see today, you shall see again no more forever. 14 The Lord will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace.”
Exodus 14:30–31 NKJV
30 So the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. 31 Thus Israel saw the great work which the Lord had done in Egypt; so the people feared the Lord, and believed the Lord and His servant Moses.
God redeemed the Israelites out of slavery (Exodus 6:6; Exodus 13:13; Exodus 15:13).
Exodus 6:6 NKJV
6 Therefore say to the children of Israel: ‘I am the Lord; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
Exodus 13:13 NKJV
13 But every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. And all the firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem.
Exodus 15:13 NKJV
13 You in Your mercy have led forth The people whom You have redeemed; You have guided them in Your strength To Your holy habitation.
Because of His saving work, He has the legal authority over us.
I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the Egypt of your sin, out of your slavery to Satan.
We are not our own and we belong to God (1 Cor. 6:19-20; Romans 6:17-18).
1 Corinthians 6:19–20 NKJV
19 Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? 20 For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s.
Romans 6:17–18 NKJV
17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered. 18 And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.
Are The Ten Commandments still binding today?
God’s standard and character have not been changed.
Discern categories of the OT laws - ceremonial, civil, and moral
God’s will for you is evident in the Ten Commandments to follow and please Him who made us right with Him.
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