Sinai or Zion: Understanding the Christian's Standing
Where are you in relation to God?
What is being compared/contrasted?
When Israel was gathered before the Lord, they were confronted with an awesome theophany (vv. 18–19). The holiness of God was preserved by the exclusion of the people from the holy mountain (v. 20), while even Moses, who was granted access, was filled with fear and trembling (v. 21). In contrast, Christians have not come to a sacred mountain which can be touched physically but to the heavenly dwelling place of God, the true and eternal Mount Zion. This is no place of terror but one of joyful festivity (v. 22). Believers have access to God, and they are enrolled along with angels in the heavenly assembly (v. 23), while their participation in this gathering and the basis of their joyful confidence is Jesus, the new covenant that he mediates, and his sacrifice by which that covenant was inaugurated (v. 24).