Faithlife Sermons

The Purposes of Christ's Death

Good Friday  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
0 ratings
· 2 views

Our sinful condition. What Christ accomplished for us in his death. The ultimate end of Christ's sufferings.

Notes & Transcripts
Sermon Tone Analysis
A
D
F
J
S
Emotion
A
C
T
Language
O
C
E
A
E
Social
View more →

To Solve Our Wretched Condition

Believers:
Peter
Jesus warned Peter that Satan wanted to sift him like wheat and told him he had prayed for him ()
; - I will lay down my life for you, I am ready to go to prison and death
; Mk 14:29 - though they all fall away, I will never fall away
; Mk 14:31 - even if I must die with you, I will not deny you
; ; - cut off high priest’s servant’s ear with a sword
- there were 2 swords but Peter was the only one to use his - says that they asked if they should attack with their swords but Peter did not wait and struck the high priest’s servant
; ; - followed Jesus at a distance along with John
- you also - John had been identified as a follower and it didn’t seem to be a problem for him but for Peter it was
servant girl (; ; Lk 22:56)
same servant girl tells those at the fire at the gate that Peter was one of Jesus’ disciples and a relative of Malchus asks if it was so (; ; ; Lk 22:58)
bystanders ask (; ; Lk 22:59)
John - followed - entrusted by Jesus to look after Mary
- Jesus entrusts mother to John’s care
Peter, James & John at Gethsemane
Jesus told them to keep awake and told them 2x to pray that they not enter into temptation (, 46)
could not stay awake ()
though they were all sleeping Jesus specifically told Peter to watch and pray lest he enter into temptation
prior to this Jesus warned Peter that he would deny him 3x
in light of this Peter ought to have been praying just as Jesus had been
Joseph of Arimathea
a respected member of the council, was looking for the kingdom of God, was good and righteous (; )
did not consent to the decision of the council to put Jesus to death (Lk 23:51)
went to Pilate to ask for the body of Jesus (; Mk 15:44-45)
wrapped Jesus’ body and put it in his own tomb fulfilling scripture (; ; Lk 23:53)
a secret disciple of Jesus for fear of the Jews ()
Nicodemus - brought mixture of myrrh and aloes, helped Joseph bind Jesus’ body (Jn 19:39)
3 Marys
were looking on from a distance (; Mk 15:40)
followed Joseph to the tomb and sat opposite (; Mk 15:47)
the woman who anointed Jesus
poured expensive ointment on Jesus’ head, disciples indignant, “why this waste”, she has done a beautiful thing, prepare for burial (Mt 26:6)
the one forgiven much loves much
believing robber
rebuked the other because he did not fear God and did not repent ()
asked Jesus to remember him when he came into his kingdom (Lk 23:42)
Unbelievers:
Judas - loved money
criticized the woman who anointed Jesus ()
she could see what the disciples could not
betrayed Jesus for 30 pcs of silver, the price of a slave
when Jesus told his disciples one of them would betray him Judas asked if it was him (Mt 26:25)
went to the chief priests after the expensive ointment was “wasted” on Jesus ()
procured soldiers from the high priest and came with a great crowd with swords and clubs ()
used the kiss as a sign (; Mk 14:44))
changed mind, confessed sin to chief priests, threw silver into Temple, hanged self (Mt 26:3-5)
Pilate - feared the faces of men
Jews went to Pilate because they wanted to crucify Jesus ()
are you a king … yes … I bear witness to the truth … what is truth (; Lk 23:3; )
asked if Jesus was king of the Jews - was greatly amazed that Jesus did not reply to the accusations of the chief priests and the elders (; Mk 14:5)
found no guilt in Jesus (; ; ; ; , , , 22)
sought to release Jesus ()
caved in to the Jewish leaders, released Barabbas and delivered Jesus over (Lk 23:25)
thought that by offe
had Jesus flogged (; Mt 27:26)
delivered Jesus over to be crucified (; )
wrote inscription - “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews” ()
Herod
was glad when Pilate sent Jesus to him because for a long time he had wanted to see him do some kind of sign ()
though he asked Jesus many questions Jesus refused to answer ()
Enemies
found no guilt in Jesus (Lk 23:15)
Simon the Leper
both robbers reviled him in the same way as the chief priests and the elders (; )
one of them railed at Jesus (Lk 23:39)
Enemies
Annas - questions Jesus about disciples and teaching () and sent Jesus bound to Caiaphas (Jn 18:24)
Annas - questions Jesus about disciples and teaching () and sent Jesus bound to Caiaphas (Jn 18:24)
Caiaphas
prophesied (Jn 18:14)
asked Jesus if he was the Christ (; Mk 14:60-65))
accused Jesus of blasphemy and condemned Jesus (Mt 26:65-66)
Those who came to faith
2 robbers
Centurion
when they saw the earthquake and what took place their were filled with awe and confessed, “truly this was the Son of God”
praised God and declared Jesus innocent ()
the crowds which had gathered to watch realized this too!
One of the Robbers
Nicodemus - brought mixture of myrrh and aloes, helped Joseph bind Jesus’ body
3 Marys
Caiaphas - prophesied, asked Jesus if he was the Christ, condemmed Jesus
soldier who pierced Jesus’ side - unwittingly fulfilled prophecy ()

We Are Sinners

1 Peter 3:18 ESV
For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit,
the righteous for the unrighteous
Christ, the righteous, suffered and died for our sins,
we were unrighteous because we were sinners
general description
- the wages of sin is death
Isaiah 53:6 ESV
All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.
all our sins may be lumped together as “going astray”
God laid on him the sins of our straying and then poured out his wrath upon him as our sin bearer
God’s justice and holiness requires him to punish sinners and the wages of sin is death
the only hope for the unrighteous is for a sinless person to take his or her sins upon himself
only a righteous person can stand in the place of an unrighteous person
eg. in human situations you can’t substitute one murderer for another, only an innocent person will suffice
Jesus Christ is that sinless substitute
substitution can only work if the substitute is not guilty
a liar can’t take the punishment of another liar because the first one must be punished for his own sins
he alone is able to take our sins upon himself
perhaps he could stand in if he was first punished for his own sins and then punished again for the sins of the other
this is the only way for us to be accepted by God
this is why Jesus said
John 14:6 ESV
Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
since Christ suffered for sins his death was not a potential atonement but a real atonement
since Christ suffered for sins his death was not a potential atonement but a real atonement
all the sins for which Christ suffered have been paid in full it would be unjust for God to punish persons for those sins again
all the sins for which Christ suffered have been paid for in full therefore it would be unjust for God to punish persons for those sins again
therefore Christ could not have suffered for the sins of those who die in their unbelief
if Christ died for their sins God would be unjust to send them to hell
the purpose of this shocking exchange: that he might bring us to God
- our iniquities separate us from God
- we were dead in sin
- the wages of sin is death
our sins are laid on Jesus
Jesus takes on himself the wages of our sin
God gives to us the reward of Christ’s righteousness and through it we are reconciled

We Are Dead

Colossians 2:13–14 ESV
13 And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, 14 by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.
dead in trespasses ()
sin separated us from God (Isa 59:2)
uncircumcision of your flesh
those who live according to their fleshly desires
slaves of their desires
to be controlled by the passions of our flesh is to be dead in trespasses
until these controlling sinful desires are cut away we remain dead in our sins
God made dead sinners alive, together with Christ
Romans 6:4 ESV
We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.
dead sinners are raised to newness of life by God’s forgiving us all our trespasses
the record of debt was graciously cancelled
must remember that the law justly condemns us for breaking it
the legal demand of the law is death
both the record of our debt and the legal demand of death were cancelled
our record of sins were nailed to the cross
they were laid on Jesus our sin bearer and as he was nailed to the cross and put to death so also was the record of our sins
there is now no record against us
Hebrews 10:14 ESV
For by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are being sanctified.
Colossians 2:15 ESV
He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.
by cancelling our sin debt and the sentence of death God disarmed the devil and his demons
he put them to open shame by triumphing over them
God triumphed over the devil and his demons through Christ suffering and death on the cross

We Are Sick

Isaiah 53:5 ESV
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed.
pierced and crushed for our iniquities
52:14 - Jesus was beaten so viciously and flogged mercilessly so that when they were finished he no longer looked like a person
so he “sprinkled” many nations (v.15)
a graphic picture of Jesus’ blood splattering on those around him as he was being beaten
that punishment should have fallen upon us, instead his blood falls upon us
the result: God’s righteous wrath is removed from us
He is at peace with us, we are reconciled
with his wounds we are healed
this is not referring to physical healing as many false teachers claim
the context is transgressions and iniquities
healing from our most deadly disease: sin & death
an incurable disease resulting not just just in physical death but eternal living death!
we are healed from the dominion of sin and death over us

We are Captives

Ephesians 1:7 ESV
7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,
redemption: the buying back of a possession that has been sold
like chains are broken so God breaks the power of sin over us
sinner have been sold into slavery to sin
God does this through the blood of Christ
Christ’s blood like a hammer!
shed upon the cross we have redemption
Jesus’ blood was the purchase price
redemption is a full redemption
nothing owing is left, all our sins past, present and future have been paid for
God’s holiness and justice has been completely satisfied
- Jesus came to give his life as a ransom for many
why did God do this?
He predestined us for adoption to himself as sons according to the purpose of his will (v.5)
how did God do this?
according to the riches of his grace
Romans 5:8–9 ESV
but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God.
Ephesians 2:8–9 ESV
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.

We were Cursed

Galatians 3:13 ESV
13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”—
James reminds us
James 2:10 ESV
For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point has become guilty of all of it.
Romans 3:23 ESV
for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,
Romans 6:23 ESV
For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

What Was Accomplished

That We Would Know True Love

1 John 3:16 ESV
By this we know love, that he laid down his life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers.
Christ laid down his life for us
apart from Christ we are all under the sentence of death
we are on death row
unless a perfect substitute takes our place we are doomed
Christ lays down his life for all who stop trusting in themselves
love motivated this
true love is self-sacrificing
true love = Christ’s laying down his life for those who in no way merited or deserved his favour
we were under the just sentence of death because of our sins
Jesus exchanged his perfect life for our sinful life
he became sin for us that we might become the righteousness of God
how do I know that Christ died for me?
I am willing to lay my life down for fellow believers
Isaiah 53:5 ESV
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed.
pierced and crushed for our iniquities
52:14 - Jesus was beaten so viciously and flogged mercilessly so that when they were finished he no longer looked like a person
so he “sprinkled” many nations (v.15)
a graphic picture of Jesus’ blood splattering on those around him as he was being beaten
that punishment should have fallen upon us, instead his blood is upon us
the result: peace with God
incurable disease resulting in eternal living death!
by his wounds we are healed
this is not referring to physical healing as many false teachers claim
the context is transgressions and iniquities
healing from our most deadly disease: sin & death
an incurable disease resulting not just just in physical death but eternal living death!
we are healed from the dominion of sin and death over us
we are healed from the dominion of sin and death over us
1 John 2:2 ESV
2 He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.

That We Would Not Sin

1 John 2:1–2 ESV
1 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. 2 He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.
“an advocate … Jesus Christ”
this Jesus who satisfies God just wrath is our legal defence
he defends us before God, the righteous judge
having owned our sin and condemnation Christ covers us with his blood and pleads that covering before the Father
“he is the propitiation”
propitiation = satisfaction
who is propitiated?
to answer that must answer the question, “who has been offended?”
God has been offended and what has offended him is the breaking of his law
we are described in the scriptures as lawbreakers
God was satisfied, propitiated by
God a holy God
unwilling to look on sin
God was propitiated or satisfied by Christ’s perfect righteousness on our behalf
“not for ours only but for the whole world"
does not mean that every person’s sins are covered but that no person is excluded from the offer of the gospel
in other words, Jesus is the propitiation for the sins of all kinds of people, not just them
this Jesus who satisfies God just wrath is our legal defence
he defends us before God, the righteous judge
having owned our sin and condemnation Christ covers us with his blood and pleads that covering before the Father
How do we know that Christ is our advocate and propitiator?
we keep his commandments
in other words, he is our Lord and Master and we are his slaves
we are no longer seeking to control our lives but have ceded that control to Jesus
Colossians 2:13–14 ESV
13 And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, 14 by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.
Col 2:13
dead in trespasses (Eph 2:1)
Colossians 2:14 ESV
14 by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross.
sin separated us from God
uncircumcision of your flesh
those who live according to their fleshly desires
slaves of their desires
to be controlled by the passions of our flesh is to be dead in trespasses
God made alive together with him
Rom 6:4
by forgiving all our trespasses
the record of debt was graciously cancelled
must remember that the law justly condemns us for breaking it
the legal demand of the law is death
both the record of our debt and the legal demand of death were cancelled
our record of sins were nailed to the cross
they
they were laid on Jesus our sin bearer and as he was nailed to the cross and put to death so also was the record of our sins
there is now no record against us
by cancelling our sin debt and the sentence of death God disarmed the devil and his demons
he put them to open shame by triumphing over them
God triumphed over the devil and his demons in Christ

Ephesians 1:7 ESV
7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,
through the blood which Christ shed upon the cross we have redemption
redemption: Jesus’ blood was the purchase price for the forgiveness of our sins
redemption is a full redemption
nothing owing is left, all our sins past, present and future have been paid for
God’s holiness and justice has been completely satisfied
- Jesus came to give his life as a ransom for many
why did God do this?
He predestined us for adoption to himself as sons according to the purpose of his will (v.5)
the result?
God’s glorious grace is praised

That We Might Become Righteous

2 Corinthians 5:21 ESV
21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
2 Co
for our sake: for our good, for our benefit
God made Jesus to be sin
a reference to Jesus as our sin bearer
- Jesus committed no sin and no deceit was found in his mouth
though Jesus was without sin when all the sins of God’s elect were laid upon Jesus it was as if he became sin itself
the horrific torture and excruciating death of Jesus reveals to us God’s attitude toward sin and sinners
anyone who dies in their sin will experience this wrath in hell
Matthew 20:28 ESV
28 even as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

To Destroy the Devil

Hebrews 2:14 ESV
14 Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,
another purpose of Jesus’ death was the destruction of the devil, who has the power of death
it was necessary for Jesus to take on flesh and blood in order to die in our place
the devil’s power over a person could only be released through the death of a perfect substitute
every unbeliever is Satan’s slave
the only thing that can release a person from Satan’s control is complete payment for sin
Colossians 2:15 ESV
He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.
by cancelling our sin debt and the sentence of death God disarmed the devil and his demons
he put them to open shame by triumphing over them
God triumphed over the devil and his demons through Christ suffering and death on the cross

The Ultimate End

The Glory of Jesus and the Father

John 17:1–5 ESV
1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, 2 since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. 3 And this is eternal life, that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. 4 I glorified you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do. 5 And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had with you before the world existed.
the ultimate end of Christ’s suffering was his own glory and that of the Father
God was glorified in his Son’s glorification
God’s eternal purpose in his son, the Lord Jesus Christ, was to give him authority over every person
and the purpose of that authority was that Jesus would give eternal life to those whom God had chosen from eternity past to give to Jesus
through that eternal life those given to Jesus would know both him and the Father
although the cross was a horrific event in the life of our Lord Jesus Christ it was no accident
it was God’s decreed means of glorifying himself, glorifying his Son and giving eternal life to His chosen ones
Galatians 3:13 ESV
13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”—

To Draw All People to Himself

John 12:32 ESV
32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.”
Related Media
Related Sermons