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Three Good Words

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Introduction

Understanding “good” in the GNT
Historically, understanding “good” is a challenge.
Good knife
Good spouse
Good dog

χρηστότης, ητος, ἡ

This word is used ten times in eight verses in the NT

① uprightness in one’s relations with others, uprightness—ποιεῖν χρηστότητα do what is good (Ps 36:3 do טוֹב [37:3 Mt]) Ro 3:12 (cp. Ps 13:3). But this pass. belongs equally well in 2 below, for the reason cited in χρηστός 3.

② the quality of being helpful or beneficial, goodness, kindness, generosity

This word is used ten times in eight verses in the NT
Romans 2:4 NASB95
Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?
Kindness
Second “kindness” is the noun form is only used seven times in the NT
Romans 3:12 NASB95
All have turned aside, together they have become useless; There is none who does good, There is not even one.”
“Good” why “good” here?
Romans 3:12
Romans 11:22 NASB95
Behold then the kindness and severity of God; to those who fell, severity, but to you, God’s kindness, if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off.
Used three times as “kindness”
Romans 11:22
2 Corinthians 6:6 NASB95
in purity, in knowledge, in patience, in kindness, in the Holy Spirit, in genuine love,
Kindness
Galatians 5:22 NASB95
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,
“Kindness” (some “gentleness”)
Ephesians 2:7 NASB95
so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.
“Kindness”
Colossians 3:12 NASB95
So, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience;
“Kindness”
Titus 3:4 NASB95
But when the kindness of God our Savior and His love for mankind appeared,
“kindness”
BDAG

① uprightness in one’s relations with others, uprightness—ποιεῖν χρηστότητα do what is good (Ps 36:3 do טוֹב [37:3 Mt]) Ro 3:12 (cp. Ps 13:3). But this pass. belongs equally well in 2 below, for the reason cited in χρηστός 3.

② the quality of being helpful or beneficial, goodness, kindness, generosity

Zodhiates
The Complete Word Study Dictionary: New Testament 5544. χρηστότης chrēstótēs

It is the grace which pervades the whole nature, mellowing all which would be been harsh and austere. Thus, wine is chrēstós (5543), mellowed with age (Luke 5:39). The word is descriptive of one’s disposition and does not necessarily entail acts of goodness as does the word agathōsúnē (19), active benignity.

Only in Paul’s writings. The radical idea of the word is profitableness. Compare have become unprofitable. Hence it passes readily into the meaning of wholesomeness. See on Matt. 11:30. It is opposed by Paul to ἀποτομία abruptness, severity (Rom. 11:22). It is rendered kindness in Eph. 2:7; Col. 3:12; Gal. 5:22. Paul, and he only, also uses ἀγαθωσύνη for goodness. The distinction as drawn out by Jerome is that ἀγαθωσύνη represents a sterner virtue, showing itself in a zeal for truth which rebukes, corrects, and chastises, as Christ when He purged the temple. Χρηστότης is more gentle, gracious, and kindly. Bishop Lightfoot defines it as a kindly disposition to one’s neighbor, not necessarily taking a practical form, while ἀγαθωσύνη energizes the χρηστότης.

“Good” is chrēstotēs (χρηστοτης), “moral goodness, integrity, benignity, kindness.”

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