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A most painful, cruel and protracted form of execution which involved the victim being roped or nailed to an elevated wooden cross. This form of execution was favoured by the Romans, who regarded it as a deterrent to political rebellion against the authority of Rome at the time of Jesus Christ.

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The method of crucifixion

The victim was scourged before crucifixion

John 19:1 NIV
Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.
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The victim carried his cross

John 19:17 NIV
Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).

Jesus Christ, having already been scourged, was probably too weak to continue carrying the cross:

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The victim was fixed to the cross

Luke 23:33 NIV
When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified him there, along with the criminals—one on his right, the other on his left.
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A charge board was fixed to the cross

Matthew 27:37 NIV
Above his head they placed the written charge against him: this is jesus, the king of the jews.

The victim’s sufferings were protracted

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OT prophecies concerning Jesus Christ’s crucifixion

Psalm 22:16–18 NIV
Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me; they pierce my hands and my feet. All my bones are on display; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.

None of Jesus Christ’s bones will be broken:

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Jesus Christ’s predictions concerning the manner of his death

John 12:32–33 NIV
And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.” He said this to show the kind of death he was going to die.
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Responsibility for the crucifixion ascribed to Jews and Gentiles alike

1 Corinthians 2:8 NIV
None of the rulers of this age understood it, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
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The crucifixion involved a curse

Deuteronomy 21:22–23 NIV
If someone guilty of a capital offense is put to death and their body is exposed on a pole, you must not leave the body hanging on the pole overnight. Be sure to bury it that same day, because anyone who is hung on a pole is under God’s curse. You must not desecrate the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance.
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The crucifixion involved shame

Hebrews 12:2 NIV
fixing our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. For the joy set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
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Believers are united with Jesus Christ in his crucifixion

Galatians 2:20 NIV
I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
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Crucifixion illustrates discipleship

Mark 8:34 NIV
Then he called the crowd to him along with his disciples and said: “Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.
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The crucifixion is remembered in glory

Revelation 5:6 NIV
Then I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing at the center of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the elders. The Lamb had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.
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