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Cross of Jesus Christ

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The death of Jesus Christ is of central importance to the Christian faith. Through Christ’s death, sinners are reconciled to God and to their fellow human beings. Paul summarises the gospel as “the message of the cross”.

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Jesus Christ foretold his death on the cross

Matthew 20:18–19 NRSV
“See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death; then they will hand him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified; and on the third day he will be raised.”
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The facts of Jesus Christ’s death on the cross

Carrying Jesus Christ’s cross

Though Jesus Christ began to carry his cross, the Romans soon forced Simon of Cyrene to continue with it.
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Jesus Christ refused the comfort of wine, which would have lessened the pains of his suffering

Matthew 27:34 NRSV
they offered him wine to drink, mixed with gall; but when he tasted it, he would not drink it.

Jesus Christ was nailed to the cross

Luke 23:33 NRSV
When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified Jesus there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left.

Jesus Christ’s words from the cross

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Signs accompanying Jesus Christ’s death on the cross

Darkness over the whole land for three hours:


The temple curtain torn from top to bottom:

; the dead come back to life

People at the scene of the cross

The Roman centurion and his men:


The two criminals crucified with Jesus Christ:

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people who insulted and mocked Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ’s mother and other women:


Responsibility for the cross

The cross as God’s plan

Acts 2:23 NRSV
this man, handed over to you according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of those outside the law.
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The crowd’s call for Jesus Christ’s crucifixion

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Jewish and Roman leaders’ responsibility

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The triumph of the cross

Colossians 2:15 NRSV
He disarmed the rulers and authorities and made a public example of them, triumphing over them in it.

The cross brings glory to Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ refers to his approaching death, the climax of his earthly life.
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The cross brings reconciliation

Ephesians 2:13–17 NRSV
But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace; in his flesh he has made both groups into one and has broken down the dividing wall, that is, the hostility between us. He has abolished the law with its commandments and ordinances, that he might create in himself one new humanity in place of the two, thus making peace, and might reconcile both groups to God in one body through the cross, thus putting to death that hostility through it. So he came and proclaimed peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near;
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Identification with the crucified Christ releases believers from their old way of life

Galatians 2:20 NRSV
and it is no longer I who live, but it is Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
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Jesus Christ’s cross is central to the Christian message

1 Corinthians 2:2 NRSV
For I decided to know nothing among you except Jesus Christ, and him crucified.
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Jesus Christ’s cross is the symbol of Christian discipleship

Matthew 16:24 NRSV
Then Jesus told his disciples, “If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.
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