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Holy Spirit - Pt. 1

Holy Spirit  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  37:42
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Welcome tonight to our the first part of our study on the Holy Spirit.
This is important - and many people are interested.
(Notes Derived from Systematic Theology 3 @ Southern Seminary with Dr. Gregg Allison)
A Proper understanding is critical for many things
o Our understanding of salvation
o Our grasp of assurance of salvation
o Understanding of perseverance
o Our sanctification (you can’t mature without Him)
o Reading Scripture
o Praying (Romans 8:26-27)
o Understanding and following God’s Will
o Exercising Spiritual Gifts
o Etc, Etc, Etc,
divisions within evangelicalism
Deep division exist
Pentecostals/charismatics
(First Wave Movement)
Beginning of 20th century – CA – azusa street revival
Pentacostal, apostalic, Assemblies of God and other
Believe that Baptism by or with the HS is a second blessing
Takes place subsequent to salvation (seconds, minutes, hours, days…)
Speaking in tongues is a necessary manifestation of the spirit baptism
Miraculous gifts (all including sign gifts) are given and available and should be common place in the church (Prophecy, speaking in tongues, interpretation, word of knowledge, wisdom, healings, miracles, exorcisms)
Second Wave
1960s – Charismatics – enters mainstream churches
michigan – Ann Harbor /South Bend Indiana/Ohio
non-Pentecostals/charismatics
- Believe – At time of conversion – Jesus Baptizes believer with the HS to incorporate into the Church.
- Not subsequent, but simultaneous of salvation. Jesus does this.
- Tongues is not necessary.
o Many believe speaking in tongues a result of peer pressure or demonic activity.
- There are no miraculous or sign gifts being distributed by the HS to the Church today.
-
- Not to say that God can’t do miracles or healings. But if He does he does it himself.
- Reserved for the early church to confirm the Gospel message and the Gospel messengers.
-
- third wave evangelicals
- 1980’s – embrace some theology of Pentacostalism yet rejects others.
-
- From non charismatic side
- Baptism with the HS is at the moment of conversion to incorporate into Church
- Not necessarily accompanied by speaking in tongues
- But 3rd wave – believe sign gifts are continued and should be common place1. Who is the Holy Spirit?
So, there is a deep division among evangelicals on how the Holy Spirit works today, but over the next couple of Sunday nights, we will try to gather a biblical perspective on who He is, and how we relate to Him today…
1. Who is the Holy Spirit?
A. Consider His Personality
1. He understands all things
The HS is omni-intelligent
1 Corinthians 2:10–11 NKJV
But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God.
2. He can be grieved
Ephesians 4:30 NKJV
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
3. He exercises His will in gifting those who come to faith
1 Corinthians 12:11 NKJV
But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually as He wills.
So, the HS exhibits intelligence, emotion, will.
This is important because we often focus on His Power - He becomes an impersonal force, strength, energy
But the HS is a person. Further, we see that he:
4. He speaks, prays, teaches, bears witness (Acts 8:29; Rom. 8:26-27; John 14:26; John 15:26; Rom. 8:16)
Acts 8:29 NKJV
Then the Spirit said to Philip, “Go near and overtake this chariot.”
Romans 8:26–27 NKJV
Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered. Now He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
John 14:26 NKJV
But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.
John 15:26 NKJV
“But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.
Romans 8:16 NKJV
The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,
5. He is distinguished from His power
Acts 10:38 NKJV
how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.
So, consider His personality, but also His:
B. Consider His Deity
1.) Parallelism (Acts 5:3-4, 9; 1 Cor. 3:16-17)
Annanias and Saphira –
Acts 5:3–4 NKJV
But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back part of the price of the land for yourself? While it remained, was it not your own? And after it was sold, was it not in your own control? Why have you conceived this thing in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.”
Acts 5:9 NKJV
Then Peter said to her, “How is it that you have agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Look, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out.”
v. 3 – lied to the HS
v. 4 – not to men, but to God (Parallelism – HS is God)
v. 9 – Testing the Spirit of God
Further in:
Acts 7:51 NKJV
You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears! You always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers did, so do you.
– Stephen “You always resist the HS” vv. 42, 45, 48 – speaking about the God of the Old Testament – He who is present now, is the same God that is the God of the Old Covenant.
Ps 51:11 – David’s prayer of confession “Cast away from Your presence, nor take the HS. parelelism HS is God.
Not only these parallelisms but also:
2. ) Divine attributes (Ps. 139:7-10; Is. 40:13-14; 1 Cor. 2:10-11; John 16:13; Luke 1:35; Hebrews 9:14)
Psalm 139:7–10 NKJV
Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence? If I ascend into heaven, You are there; If I make my bed in hell, behold, You are there. If I take the wings of the morning, And dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, Even there Your hand shall lead me, And Your right hand shall hold me.
– HS is omnipresent
Isaiah 40:13–14 NKJV
Who has directed the Spirit of the Lord, Or as His counselor has taught Him? With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed Him, And taught Him in the path of justice? Who taught Him knowledge, And showed Him the way of understanding?
1 Corinthians 2:10–11 NKJV
But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God.
– HS is omniscient
John 16:13 NKJV
However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.
– HS – He knows the future
Luke 1:35 – HS is omnipotent (impossible is nothing to the HS)
Hebrews 9:14 (?) – HS is eternal
3. ) Divine works
a.) In creating and sustaining (Gen. 1:2;
Job 26:13 NKJV
By His Spirit He adorned the heavens; His hand pierced the fleeing serpent.
Psalm 104:27 NKJV
These all wait for You, That You may give them their food in due season.
b.) In regeneration (
John 3:5–6 NKJV
Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
Titus 3:5 NKJV
not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit,
c.) In inspiration
2 Peter 1:19–21 NKJV
And so we have the prophetic word confirmed, which you do well to heed as a light that shines in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts; knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
d.) In the resurrection
Romans 8:11 NKJV
But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.
4.) Divine honor
Matthew 28:18–20 NKJV
And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen.
2 Corinthians 13:14 NKJV
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.
C. Consider His Relationship
1.) His nature: homoousios (same substance)
we affirm with the early church – same nature, essence as the Father and Son
No difference in nature, divine attributes
Yet, they are distinct (HS not the Father or Son)
The HS eternal proceeds from the Father and the Son
2.) His procession: eternally from Father and Son (John 14:26; 15:26; 16:7; 20:22; Rom. 8:9)
the Nicene-Constantinople Creed (381), Synod of Toledo (Spain, 589), (“We believe in the Holy Spirit who proceeds from the Father and the Son”)
procession is double and eternal
Does not mean that the Father and Son created the HS
The HS is eternal
Doesn’t receive nature or deity from Father or son.
the Holy Spirit is autotheos = God of himself (all three person share in the one identical and undivided being of God; all three persons are fully and eternally divine)
They grant the HS his person – not His divinity
Why affirm?
John 14:26 - Father send HS in name of Jesus
John 15:26 NKJV
“But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.
Jesus send HS from the Father and proceeds from the Father
John 16:7
Jesus sends the HS
John 20:22
Jesus breathes the HS
Romans 8:9 NKJV
But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.
– the spirit of God the Father, the spirit of the Son
All of this is to highlight that the Holy Spirit is not a force, but a person. And we should treat him as such…
2. The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
A. In creation (
Genesis 1:2 NKJV
The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
Hovering – protecting and preparing - Readying for God’s future work making it hospitable
Isaiah 63 – HS dynamic, creative, powerful agent of God
Brought moses out of the sea and lead them
Similar at moment of Creation
Psalm 104:27-30
B. Endowments of humanity (Job 32:8; Gen. 41:38-39; Ex. 28:3; 31:3-5; 35:30-35)
Job 32:8
HS grants understanding/knowledge
Genesis 41:38-39
HS gives wisdom and discernment (Joseph)
Exodus 28:3; Exodus 31:3-5 and 35:30-35
HS giving skillfulness for tasks (craftsmanship) for tabernacle
C. Relation to redemption
· general statement
the work of the HS in the Old Covenant was especially directed toward a select group of leaders in Israel
Does not mean that the HS was inactive in the lives of other people – they couldn’t have been saved, sanctified, empowered outside of the HS
1.) The Judges (Jud. 3:10-11; 6:34; 11:29-33)
Stirred up judges and empowered them to deliver Israel from their oppressors
Haphnael, etc.
Military, etc.
2.) The Kings (1 Sam. 16:13-14; Ps 51:11)
Came upon kings and equipped them to rule.
HS could and indeed did withdraw His empowering presence and work in the instance of persistent and heinous sin.
1 Samuel 16:13–14 NKJV
Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah. But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and a distressing spirit from the Lord troubled him.
Psalm 51:11 NKJV
Do not cast me away from Your presence, And do not take Your Holy Spirit from me.
3.) The Prophets (2 Sam 23:1-2; Ezek. 2:2; 8:3; Micah 3:8; 2 Peter 1:19)
The HS spoke by the mouths of the prophets.
Fortold, conviction, prophecy, announce what God spoke
(David, Ezekiel, micah, etc)
4.) The Expectation (Jer. 31:31-34; Ez. 36:25-27; Joel 2:28-32)
The Old Covenant anticipated a new coveneant where the HS would be poured out in a new unprecedented way on all people.
Jeremiah 31:31-34
Obsolescence of the Old covenant – God would write the law on their heart – and all would know Him personally
Ezekiel 36:25-27
HS within His people – His people would be caused to obey Him
Joel 2:28-32
HS on all people – young and old, men and women, slave and free…
Because of the weakness of His people there would be a new covenant
Next week, we will see His working in the New Testament and how that applies today.
Take away for the week.
Find comfort that God is with you wherever you go and in whatever you face in the person of the Holy Spirit.
If you’re a believer today, He is in you. Think about that - God is in you.
Our understanding of salvation
o Our grasp of assurance of salvation
o Understanding of perseverance
o Our sanctification (you can’t mature without Him)
o Reading Scripture
o Praying (Romans 8:26-27)
o Understanding and following God’s Will
o Exercising Spiritual Gifts
o Etc, Etc, Etc,
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