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Through the Bible: the Gospels

Through the Bible (Prayer Meeting)  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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A brief overview of the Gospels as literature

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Gospel is the translation of the Greek word (εὐαγγέλιον) for Good News.

This is the word that would be used when a king or general would be victorious over an enemy.

The Gospels mirror a genre from the ancient world called bios, an ancient biography.

Ancient Biographies focused on key events in a person’s life and his teaching.

We’ll cover parables next week.

Ancient Biographies focused on key events in a person’s life and his teaching.

Unlike modern biographies that trace physical, psychological, and personal development.

Each Gospel contains multiple types of genres of literature in them, each with unique aspects to consider.

We’ll cover parables next week.

Matthew, Mark, and Luke are often called the Synoptic Gospels because they present a similar view.

Word essentially means the “same view”.

All the Gospels record the facts about Jesus, recall the teachings of Jesus, and bear witness to Jesus.

They can be divided roughly into sayings and narratives, that is, teachings of Jesus and stories about Jesus.

They contain multiple types of genres of literature in them each with unique aspects to consider.

The Gospels are not necessarily chronological.

They are intentionally ordered to communicate a point.

Each author writes from a slightly different perspective.

Each gospel was written to communicate specific things about Jesus.

They are two-level documents. Meaning they were written to communicate about Jesus to a specific community dealing with specific issues.

So we have to think about the historical context of both Jesus and the author who wrote the book. Mark and calming the storm. Why did this author include this particular story?

When writing the Gospels each author

They used selectivity, arrangement, and adaptation to communicate about Jesus.

They contain a fraction of what Jesus did.

John 21:25 ESV
Now there are also many other things that Jesus did. Were every one of them to be written, I suppose that the world itself could not contain the books that would be written.

Yet they are sufficient for us to know all that is needed to know of Christ.

sufficiency of Scripture

Helps for Understanding the Gospels

Each Gospel contains multiple types of genres of literature in them, each with unique aspects to consider.

They contain multiple types of genres of literature in them each with unique aspects to consider.

2. Look at the passage in context.

3. Understand the historical context of Jesus and the author.

4.

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