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1 Thessalonians 4.5

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Regarding sin: transgression, trespass, iniquity
for an example of God’s reaction to Israel in sin
All ‘miss the mark’.
Old Testament sacrifices for sin: Dependent on the wealth of the offender- bull, goat, dove, flour. Ram was different.
The sacrificial system in the Old Testament was a means of grace by which one who unintentionally sinned might make reparations for that sin without paying with his or her life, or with the life of his or her child.
Settled attitude? Single incident? Was there a sacrifice/offering for intentional sin? Unconfessed sin?
From OT: Scapegoat for iniquities, transgressions and sins
The New American Commentary: Leviticus (2) Scapegoat Bears the Nations’ Iniquities (16:22)

In the Day of Atonement ceremony the first animal pictures the means for atonement, the shedding of blood in the sacrificial death. The scapegoat pictures the effect of atonement, the removal of guilt. What is accomplished in the scapegoat ritual is expressed by David in the Psalms: “As far as east is from west, so far has he removed our transgressions from us” (Ps 103:12). Both these aspects of this special day have their fulfillment in the sacrifice of Christ on the cross. The

A Little Cabinet: Richly Stored with All Sorts of Heavenly Varieties, and Soul-Reviving Influences How Many Waies the Lord Is Said to Forgive Sin; or the Various Names and Expressions of Forgiveness

1. FIRST Aaron by a special command from God, Lev. 16:21. Was to lay his haad upon the head of the goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel. and all their transgressions, puting them upon the head of the goat, and the goat did bare away all their iniquities, into the land not inhabited, verse 22.

2. The Lord tels us he hath cast all our sins behind his back, Isa. 38:17. Thou hast cast all my sins, saith he, behind thy back, &c.

3. We read that our sins are cast into the bottom of the sea, Micah 7:17.

4. The Lord tels us in his word, that our sins are blotted out, Isa. 43:25. I, even I am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for my own sake, Isa. 44:22.

5. The Lord tels us our sins are covered, Psal. 32:1. Blessed is the man whose sins are covered, and transgressions forgiven.

6. The Lord tels us he will remember our sins no more, Jer. 31:34. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sins no more.

7. The Lord saith he will not impute sin to us, Rom. 4:8. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin; he will not impute sin, that is, he will not set sin on our score, he will not put sin to our account; though sin be in us, yet it is not imputed to us.

8. The Lord tells us, that so far at the East is from the West, so far hath he removed our transgressions from us, Psal. 103:12. What shall I say more, who is a God like unto him, that pardoneth iniquity, transgression and sin, which comprehends all sin of what nature, kind and degree whatsoever, unless the unperdonable sin (iniquity is that which is done against another man) Sin is that which is done against a mans self, and transgression that which is done immediately against God, but all these are pardoned for his own sake, Isa. 43:25.

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