The Second Warning
3. (3.1-4.13) The Son is shown to be more excellent than Moses
a. (3.1-6) Jesus faithfully mediates the New Covenant just as Moses faithfully mediated the Old, but Jesus is as a Son over God’s household, While Moses was a servant within that household.
b. (3.7-4.7) Exhortation to follow Jesus into the rest of God is combined with a warning against following the example of the wilderness generation in falling short through unbelief and disobedience. The Second Warning (3.7-19); The Third Warning (4.1-11)
c. (4.8-13) The promise of God’s rest for his people was not exhausted by the entry into Canaan under Joshua. There remains available a Sabbath-rest today.
I. The Second Warning
“Wherefore” the conjunction gives the conclusion to the argument for the superiority of Christ over Moses, and introduces a warning to the readers.
The conjunction (dio) appears nine times throughout this epistle: 3.7,10; 6.1; 10.5; 11.12, 16; 12.12, 28; 13.12.
A. The Appeal (3.7-8a)
1. Its Source
2. Its Context
3. Its Nature
B. The Historical Illustration (3.8b-11)
1. The sin of Israel
2. The response of God
C. The Appeal Restated (3.12-19)
1. Take heed - v.12
2. Exhort - v.13
3. Hold fast - v.14
4. Harden not - vv.15-17
5. Believe - vv.18-19