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The new covenant

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The fulfilment of God’s purposes of salvation expressed in the covenants of the OT, mediated by Jesus Christ and sealed in his blood. It is a covenant of grace, the benefits of which include forgiveness, a renewed relationship with God and, through the Holy Spirit, an inward transformation that enables obedience to its demands and so ensures that it will not again be broken.

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The new covenant fulfils the OT covenants

God’s covenant with Noah


God’s covenant with Abraham

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God’s covenant at Sinai

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God’s covenant with David

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Jesus Christ, the mediator of the new covenant

The new covenant fulfilled in the Messiah

Malachi 3:1 NASB95
“Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the Lord of hosts.
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The new covenant effected through Jesus Christ’s death

Hebrews 9:15 NASB95
For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
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The new covenant sealed in Jesus Christ’s blood

Luke 22:20 NASB95
And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.
See also Blood was an important element in sealing the Sinaitic covenant; ; ; ;

The ministry of the Holy Spirit

2 Corinthians 3:6 NASB95
who also made us adequate as servants of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.
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The superior blessings of the new covenant

God’s grace and mercy

The blood of Abel cried out to God for justice and retribution; the blood of Jesus Christ, shed to seal the new covenant, cries out for mercy and forgiveness.

A complete forgiveness

Hebrews 8:12 NASB95
For I will be merciful to their iniquities, And I will remember their sins no more.”
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Release from the law’s condemnation


An inward enabling to obey God’s laws

The old covenant was broken because its demands were not met. Under the new covenant the requirements of obedience are not abolished, but in writing his laws on human hearts, God gives the ability to meet the covenant demands.
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A new knowledge of God

Hebrews 8:11 NASB95
And they shall not teach everyone his fellow citizen, And everyone his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ For all will know Me, From the least to the greatest of them.
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A renewed relationship with God

“peace” refers to spiritual and material well-being; real peace is possible only for those in a right relationship with God. The formula “I will be their God, and they will be my people” is associated also with the Abrahamic and especially the Sinaitic covenants.
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A superior priesthood

Hebrews 8:6 NASB95
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.
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A superior sacrifice

Hebrews 9:14 NASB95
how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
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A lasting covenant

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