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Baptism

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Baptism is:

“baptism is a church’s act of affirming and portraying a believer’s union with Christ by immersing him or her in water, and believer’s act of publicly committing him or herself to Christ and his people, thereby uniting a believer to the church and marking off him or her from the world.”—Jamieson
Matthew 28:19–20 AV 1873
19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
-2
Matthew 28:18–20 AV 1873
18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 20 teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.

A Church’s Act

Remember the keys to the kingdom in & 18
Matthew 16:19 AV 1873
19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Matthew 18:20 AV 1873
20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
Who baptizes: on the missions frontier, where there are no other Christians, you baptize. You are the church! The authoritative presence here of one or two makes it a gathering of the church.
Acts 8:36–39 AV 1873
36 And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized? 37 And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. 38 And he commanded the chariot to stand still: and they went down both into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him. 39 And when they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip, that the eunuch saw him no more: and he went on his way rejoicing.

Of Affirming and Portraying a Believer’s Union with Christ

In baptism a church affirms a believer’s profession of faith in Christ. It affirms that someone who claims to be united to Christ in his death and resurrection, so far as they can discern, is. It sets a visible, public seal to an invisible, spiritual reality.
Romans 6:3–4 AV 1873
3 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? 4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
Gal. 3:25
Galatians 3:25–27 AV 1873
25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. 26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.
“baptism is a sign of the gospel’s application. It is a sign that this person has turned from sin and has been united to Christ by faith. But baptism doesn’t just affirm these realities; it also portrays them. Think of Christ dying, being buried, and rising again. Baptism publically pictures someone’s union with this death, burial, and resurrection. A person is physically plunged under water and raised out of it.”

Baptism pictures the benefits of the union with Christ.—Forgiveness and cleansing from sin

Acts 2:38 AV 1873
38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Acts
Acts
Acts 22:16 AV 1873
16 And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

Baptism pictures the benefits of the union with Christ.—Spirit powered life symbolized by coming out of the water.

Romans 6:4 AV 1873
4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
Romans
Colossians 2:11–12 AV 1873
11 in whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ: 12 buried with him in baptism, wherein also you are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.

By Immersing Him or Her in Water

βαπτω means to dip or plunge. This is the method portrayed wholly in the New Testament.
John 3:23 AV 1873
23 And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.

And a Believer’s Act

Acts 2:
Acts 2:37–39 AV 1873
37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? 38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. 39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.
Acts 2:41 AV 1873
41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

Christians get baptized! Therefore repentance precedes Baptism.

Of Publicly Committing Him or Herself to Christ

“Think of those who repented and were baptized at Pentecost. All those who stepped forward from the crowd to be baptized were marking themselves as Jesus’ followers.”—Jamieson
Acts 10:32–33 AV 1873
32 Send therefore to Joppa, and call hither Simon, whose surname is Peter; he is lodged in the house of one Simon a tanner by the sea side: who, when he cometh, shall speak unto thee. 33 Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God.
Acts

Prayer to trust Christ is the heart action of salvation, while baptism is the public outworking of that salvation.

To be baptized is to sign on the dotted line of —”observe all things”

And His People

Acts 2:41
Acts 2:41 AV 1873
41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
Those stepped out to be baptized, were believers who joined themselves with that body of (acts 1:15) 120.
“The Gospel not only reconciles us to God (), it also reconciles us to each other (). To call on God the Father is to embrace all others who do the same as brothers and sisters. To be united to Christ is to become a member of His body (; ; ; ).” —Jamieson
Ephesians 1:23 AV 1873
23 which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
Colossians 1:18 AV 1873
18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.
I Peter
1 Peter 2:10 AV 1873
10 which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

Thereby Uniting a Believer to the Church and Marking Off Him or Her from the World.

In transacting this commitment, the church makes a commitment of its own. The act of baptism conveys the believer’s commitment, “I hereby pledge myself to Christ and to you, his people,” and conveys the church’s commitment, “We hereby affirm your profession and pledge ourselves to you, a member of Christ’s body.” In baptism the believer speaks to God and the church, and the church speaks for God to the individual.

What Baptism Is NOT

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