Faithlife Sermons

Understanding Why We Believe

Sermon  •  Submitted
0 ratings
· 12 views
Notes
Transcript
Handout
Sermon Tone Analysis
A
D
F
J
S
Emotion
A
C
T
Language
O
C
E
A
E
Social
View more →

Introduction

Last week we took a look at the temptation of Jesus in the wilderness and how we face similar temptations. Just to fill in the gaps where we are today, Jesus has returned from the wilderness and has called the first of His disciples. Peter, Andrew, John, Philip and Nathaniel. Andrew and John were disciples of John the Baptist, upon returning from the wilderness John the Baptist sees Jesus and turns to his disciples and says Behold the Lamb of God. Andrew and John immediately go and become disciples of Jesus, Andrew goes and tells his brother Peter and his friend Philip, Philip goes and tells Nathaniel, for more on Nathaniel come to service tonight at 6 PM. These are the 5 disciples with him as his first miracle which we will discuss today.

Prayer

Scripture Reading

John 2:1–13 ESV
On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him. After this he went down to Capernaum, with his mother and his brothers and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days. The Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Reception Gone Wrong

John 2:1–25 ESV
On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him. After this he went down to Capernaum, with his mother and his brothers and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days. The Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. In the temple he found those who were selling oxen and sheep and pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there. And making a whip of cords, he drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and oxen. And he poured out the coins of the money-changers and overturned their tables. And he told those who sold the pigeons, “Take these things away; do not make my Father’s house a house of trade.” His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will consume me.” So the Jews said to him, “What sign do you show us for doing these things?” Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The Jews then said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?” But he was speaking about the temple of his body. When therefore he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken. Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many believed in his name when they saw the signs that he was doing. But Jesus on his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man.
Alcohol at weddings, its sometime that is expected but should be warned against I believe, especially among Christians.

Out of Wine

Why did Jesus turn water into wine?
Let us find out shall we.
First off we need to discuss a little matter of wedding preparation. In our culture usually the brides family pays for the wedding, the bride is heavily involved in the planning, it is her day after all.
Now in the culture of Jesus the groom’s family paid for the wedding, prepared for the ceremony and feast. The feast would last up to 7 days and so depending on the number invited you would need alot of refreshing drink. There was no pop, water was available and based on the major fruit crop being grapes wine was the common drink. Now the wine was watered down as to not break the law about getting drunk. This is the scene we find Mary poses that question to Jesus.
Now we can tell from the Scripture that Mary is more than a guest, likely a friend of the grooms family. We read Jesus was invited and brought his disciples but Mary was there already. She was made aware of the dilemma before nearly all others. This is where we see a unique dynamic with the relationship with Jesus and Mary. It can be assumed by this time Joseph, Mary’s husband has passed on into glory and as the eldest son Jesus would assume responsibility for providing for her.

Jesus & Mary

Mary:They have no wine
Jesus: Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.
Now what are we to make of the way Jesus speaks to His mother here. Is He possibly being a shovanist, talking down to her? No that's certainly not it but its a gentle rebuttal to her authority. Jesus is letting her know that at this point on His Father’s Will will move Jesus to action. This phrase woman in our vocabulary would have the same context as in our culture when calling a woman Ma’am. Jesus doesn't mean disrespect but is letting her know the time to view me as your Son is over, view me as your saviour.
He follows this up by saying My hour has not yet come, this is a phrase Jesus will use over and over again meaning that its not yet time for me to be revealed as the Messiah, with that revealing will come the cross, where the wrath of the Father will be poured out for our sins onto His Son.
Illustration
Application

The Old Gives Way To The New

Mary instructs the servants to do whatever Jesus tells them. They are instructed to fill six stone jars full of water. These jars are used for washing the hands and arms along with the dishes of the guests.
These jars hold between 20-30 gallons of water. So we have between 120 and 180 gallons of water placed into these jars. They are then instructed to draw some out and give it to the master of the feast who served in the role of the best man. Now this water has miraculously turned into wine, wine so good that the man says to the groom.
John 2:10 ESV
and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.”
This was not the watered down wine everyone expected to drink but this is real wine, the type of wine which we will drink from in the Kingdom.
Now back to my question why did Jesus turn the water into wine, if you said because His mother asked Him to, well you a partially right, mom put Him on the spot and He didn't want to embarrass her, if you said cause they are out of wine and didn't want the groom dishonored, that was a need and played a part but if you want the real reason lets dig a bit deeper.
What was the purpose of the jars of water, what did they represent. In the Old Testament if you were unclean you had to go a perform a ceremonially cleansing, this always entailed washing with water to purify you. Sadly this was not the most effective way because each and everytime a person would sin, or do something that wasnt necessarrily a sin but made them unclean they would have to go and get cerominally clean again. Think of a funeral, often times people will touch the hand or the face of the person, under the Mosaic Law this made you unclean and you were not able to go into the Temple and worship until your were clean again.
Now for the wine, what does the wine symbolically represent to you and I.
To a Christian it is the blood of Jesus Christ. From the very beginning Jesus shows that for you and I to be purified of our sins, we are no longer to look to water to cleanse us but to the blood of Christ. THe first miracle we find Jesus pointing us to the cross.
Here is our problem today, we know we are forgiven by the death of Christ on the cross but to many of us are still looking to the old way, the way our lives were before Christ. The world washes with water but we wash with the blood of Christ.
Illustration
Application
Related Media
Related Sermons