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Fatherhood of God

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Primarily signifying God’s paternal relationship to Jesus Christ, the term also refers to God’s fatherly relationship to his creation, especially to believers as the “children of God”.

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Aspects of the fatherhood of God

He is the Creator and provider

1 Corinthians 8:6 ESV
yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.
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He shows love and compassion

Hosea 11:1 ESV
When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son.
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He exercises his providence and care

Psalm 68:5 ESV
Father of the fatherless and protector of widows is God in his holy habitation.
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He disciplines and corrects

Deuteronomy 8:5 ESV
Know then in your heart that, as a man disciplines his son, the Lord your God disciplines you.
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God as the Father of Jesus Christ

Matthew 3:17 ESV
and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”
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1 Peter 1:3 ESV
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
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God is the father of Israel

He cares for his covenant people

Jeremiah 31:9 ESV
With weeping they shall come, and with pleas for mercy I will lead them back, I will make them walk by brooks of water, in a straight path in which they shall not stumble, for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.
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He is the father of the kings of Israel

This description of God’s fatherhood involves the maintenance of a special relationship between God and David’s descendants, which ultimately includes Jesus Christ.
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God is the father of Christian believers

He has an intimate relationship with believers

Matthew 6:9 ESV
Pray then like this: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.
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He adopts believers into his family

John 1:12–13 ESV
But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.
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The fatherhood of God has implications for the church

Character: children are to reproduce the Father’s likeness

Matthew 5:48 ESV
You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

Unity: one Father means one family

Ephesians 4:3–6 ESV
eager to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call— one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.
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Status: believers are related to Jesus Christ

Matthew 12:50 ESV
For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.”
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Inheritance: believers are heirs of the Father’s kingdom

Romans 8:17 ESV
and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.
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Submission: believers are to revere the Father

1 Peter 1:17 ESV
And if you call on him as Father who judges impartially according to each one’s deeds, conduct yourselves with fear throughout the time of your exile,
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