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This passage is the Roman cathloc foundation of the pope of the church. It is believed by the Cathloc church It was taken by the Cathloc Church that peter was given the keys to include or exclude people from Heaven. They say that Peter became the first Biship of Rome and has passed down to today’s pope. The viewis that peter is the Rock which the Church is founded on and is the first Pope. Christ does not promice to build the Church upon Peter, but upon Himself.
THe Greek and Hebrew
THe greek name for Peter is little stone Jesus uses a medephore which is not strange in the Jewish way of thinking. Christ is a Rock and through the study of scripture it is clear that the Rock is Christ himself. So what Christ is saying is “You are a little stone, and upon this massive rock I will build my Church”
It was not peter on which the church would be built but upon the person who witnessed his confession of Faith, “Christ the son of the living God” he word build is also significant because it implies the gradual erection of the church. under the symbolisim of living stones being built upon Christ, the foundation stone.
Even Peter himself states this in 1 Peter 2:4-9
As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious, you yourselves like living stones are being built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. For it stands in Scripture: “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a cornerstone chosen and precious, and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.” So the honor is for you who believe, but for those who do not believe, “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone,” and “A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense.” They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do. But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10 Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.
“Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone,
a cornerstone chosen and precious,
and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.”
So the honor is for you who believe, but for those who do not believe,
“The stone that the builders rejected
has become the cornerstone,”
and
“A stone of stumbling,
and a rock of offense.”
They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.
But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10 Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.
John The Baptist
The NET Bible First Edition Notes Notes for 16:14The appearance of Elijah would mean that the end time had come. According to , Elijah was still alive. In it is said that Elijah would be the precursor of Messiah.
Nothing in this passage leads to the idea that Peter is what the church is built on and he is the first pope.
Setting
and
The question which Jesus askes has been in view throughout the Gospel. Matthew made it clear at the beginning of the Gospel that Jesus was the one whom God’s purposes are fulfilled through. However, at this point, the disciples had had no formal teaching on this topic and Jesus wanted to ask them what others thought of Him and what they thought of Him.
The story shows the end was drawing near and Jesus needed all the time alone with His disciples that he could get. Jesus had allot to say and to teach them and one demanding problem was that the days till the cross were numbered and Jesus needed to be sure that they recognized who he was.
which began in 4:17 with Christ’s Teaching in Galilee. The question which Jesus askes has been in view throughout the Gospel. Matthew made it clear at the beginning of the Gospel that Jesus was the one whom God’s purposes are fulfilled through. However, the disciples had had no formal teaching on this topic and Jesus wanted to ask them what others thought of Him and what they thought of Him. The story shows the end was drawing near and Jesus needed all the time alone with His disciples that he could get. Jesus had allot to say and to teach them and one demanding problem was that the days till the cross were numbered and Jesus needed to be sure that they recognized who he was. If no one recognized who he was no one would carry on his work and labor for the kingdom. With this in mind he went with the disciples the Caesarea Philippi, because the population was mainly non-Jewish Jesus would have opportunity to teach his disciples alone.
If no one recognized who he was no one would carry on his work and labor for the kingdom. With this in mind he went with the disciples the Caesarea Philippi, because the population was mainly non-Jewish Jesus would have opportunity to teach his disciples alone.
Setting
There were two Cities in ancient Israel that were named Caesarea. They were:
1. Caesarea Maritma:
which was located on the cost of the sea of Galilee.
2. Cesarea Philippi
which is where Jesus and his disciples traveled to in this passage.
Cesarea Philippi was an about 25 miles northeast of the sea of Gellee. Jesus and His decuples had left a region around the sea of Galilee and went northeast about 30 miles to "The district of Caessaera Philippi”. This was a town in the extreme northeast corner of Galee near the source of the river Jorden.
Jesues and His deciples had left a region around the sea of Galelee and went northeast about 30 miles to "The district of Caessaera Philipi”. This was a town in the extreem northeast cornner of Galee near the source of the river Jorden. Today there are just ruins here, but the setting is verry picturesque a small stream emerges from beneth two-hundred food clif of solid Rock and small pebels form the bed of the Jorden river. This setting helps us undestand the refernce to peter and the rock in verse 18.
It ws built by Herod the tetrarch He named the town in Honor of for Augustus Caesar.
Caesarea was in the terarchy of Herod Philip who was Antipas’ Brother. Caesarea Philipi was named for Augustus Ceasar and Harod Philip. It was a site of Worship for the nature God known as Pan and the home of a temple dedicated to Augusus Caesar. The fact that Jesus’ kingdom was anounced here demonstrates that His kingdom is superior to Caesar’s and that he is lickwise supior to all the idols and mythical God’s
Caesarea was in the tetrarchy of Herod Philip who was Antipas’ Brother. Caesarea Philippi was named for Augustus Caesar and Harod Philip. It was a site of Worship for the nature God known as Pan and the home of a temple dedicated to Augustus Caesar. The fact that Jesus’ kingdom was announced here demonstrates that His kingdom is superior to Caesar’s and that he is likewise superior to all the idols and mythical God’s
Today there are just ruins here, but the setting is very picturesque a small stream emerges from beneath two-hundred food cliff of solid Rock and small pebbles form the bed of the Jorden river. This setting helps us understand the reference to peter and the rock in verse 18.
Philipi was added to distiguish it from the coastal city with the same name.
It was a site of Worship for the nature God known as Pan and the home of a temple dedicated to Augustus Caesar.
The fact that Jesus’ kingdom was announced here demonstrates that His kingdom is superior to Caesar’s and that he is likewise superior to all the idols and mythical God’s.
Today there are just ruins here, but the setting is very picturesque a small stream emerges from beneath two-hundred food cliff of solid Rock and small pebbles form the bed of the Jorden river. This setting helps us understand the reference to peter and the rock in verse 18.
It was here that Christ questioned His deciples about who He was and announced the fomation of the Church which would be introduced to both Jews and gentiles.
v. 13
“Who do people say that the son of man is?”
In addition Jesus’ teaching to them had contained much more revelation than that geared tward the crowds.
1. John the BaptistThe fiest probobly came as a resault of Herod’s action against John and his statement in . John the Baptist was a high humon figure and a Jewish natinal Hero. 2. ElijahCame from the OT prophesy that Elijah should be sent by God before the great and terible Judgement of the Day of the Lord 3. Jereniah or one of the prophetssome thought that Jesues was Jeremiah based on Apocryphal booksAnd Jerimiah came and found a chamber in the rock and there he brought in the tabernacle and the ark of the alter of incense; and he made fast the door… finish this Each of theese legnds has something to say about a future time when Jeremiah is somehow involved, or predicts something which will happen. Thus the ministery of Jesus was looked at by some as the fulfilment of theese stories. one of the prophes would have included Isaiah who was mentioned along with Jerimiah in
John the Baptist was a high humon figure and a Jewish Natinal Hero. and Many including Herod himself thought he was so great a figure that He might well come back from the dead. Even Harod Himself Held this view in At that time Herod the tetrarch herd the report about Jesus “This is John the Baptist,” he told his servents . “He has been raised from the dead, and that is why miraculous powers are at work in Him.”
Matthew is the only gospel the term “son of man” is used, all the others state “Who do people say that I am”
2. Elijah
Therefore his secound question is ‘Who do you say I am?
Christ uses this question as an attention getter, he wants to know what the general opinion of his is, but also wants to know whe the deciples think he is.
The question is “What are the general views of me?”. He wants to know the beliefs of the crowds,
“and the gates of hades will not over power it”
He is not intersted in what the religious leaders think, as he is well aware their responce to him is negitive .
The real question Jesus is asking is “ What do people understand by the title I use for myself?”
This came from an ot Prophest that Elijah would be sent by God before the great and terible Judgemnt of the Day of the Lord in Look, I am going to send you the prophet Elijah before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes.
Christ had gotten the responce from the crowd now he wanted the responce form the deciples
This statemnet was saying that Jesus was the greatest of the Prophets. Elijah had always been looked at as the summit and the prince of the prophetic line. They were saying that Jesus was the frontrunner of the Messiah.
THis question was asked at a critical time. Jesus had now closed the first stage in his ministery and was just entering the last dark one.
Some of Jesus’ miricles were similar to Elijah and thus they thought that he must be Elijah
There may have been a moment of scielence here as the diciples thoughts came which they may have been afraid to put into words.
This is saying that nothing will take over Christ’s Church. Note they are lickly in the shadows of the gates of the pegon temples and hades is a reference to the power of death. So Christ is saying his church will never die.
3. Jerimiah or one of the Prophets
17 Jesus responded, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah,[c] because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but my Father in heavenJesus imediately responds Flesh and blood means that “you did not discover this on your own.
It was believed that before the people went into excile Jeremiah had taken the ark of the covenent and the alter of incence out of the temple and hidden them away in a cave on mount Nebo; and before the coming of the mesiah he would return and produce them and the glory of God would again come to the people. This belief came from the Apocryphal books : Jeremiah came and found a cave-dwelling, and he brought there the tent and the ark and the altar of incense; then he sealed up the entrance. 6 Some of those who followed him came up intending to mark the way, but could not find it. 7 When Jeremiah learned of it, he rebuked them and declared: “The place shall remain unknown until God gathers his people together again and shows his mercy. 8 Then the Lord will disclose these things, and the glory of the Lord and the cloud will appear, as they were shown in the case of Moses, and as Solomon asked that the place should be specially consecrated.
The ministery of Jesus was looked at as a fufilment of this story.
The statemnt one “One of the prophets” would have certenly included Isiah who was mentiond along with Jerimiah in
When the people identified Jesus with Elijah and Jeremiah, they were according to their understanding paying him a great compliment and setting him in a high place for Jeremiah and Elijah were non other that expected frountrunners of the anointed one of God, and when they arived the kingdom would be verry near. Though all of the responces were positive none of them is an adequate responce to what Christ’s ministery sets forth.
God.”
In him all promices of God will be fulfiled
Christ is greek for “one who has been anointed “
Peter spoke on Behalf of the deciples has he often did declaring he was the Christ.
Peter rconized and aknolaged openly the missiahship of Jesues.
by his statemnt the SOn of the living God peter was exclaiming he was not just a son of a God, but a The son of God.
Jesus knew his work was safe because at least someone understood who he was
Each of the gospels has different wording for what happened
Mark
you are the messiah
Luke
The Messiah of God
living God is importent to diferentiate between the pegon Gods and the one true God
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