Faithlife Sermons

Sermon Tone Analysis

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V. 5
Titus has two responsibilities. 1 - Set things in order. 2 - Appoint elders.
Paul’s letter deals with these two topics.
The first, setting things in order, monopolizes the majority of the book.
Since the second, appointing elders, is the shorter topic, Paul deals with it first.
I do want to call our attention to this word “appoint”.
This is the Greek word καθίστημι (kathistēmi) meaning appoint; put in charge.
To appoint (duty) v. — to assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to someone.
Finite verb, aorist, active, subjunctive, second person, singular.
Appoint - καθίστημι (kathistēmi)
Paul gave Titus the responsibility of appointing these men.
He was to assign them a duty.
We already noted in Timothy how they had to be willing.
However, The implication of this word is that you find someone who meets these qualifications, and you put them in the position!
Also present here is the idea of a rather extensive vetting process.
The one being considered for eldership is to open his life up to be examined.
Unwillingness to do so would indicate that the man is not qualified.
V. 6
Here we get into the qualifications.
Many of these will be repeats of 1 Timothy so I just want to hit a few highlights.
First highlight.
“Is”.
This is a present, active, verb.
Paul is not speaking to the elder’s life prior to salvation.
He is speaking of the present!
Who is he right now? Blameless = unaccusable.
A one woman man.
Faithful children.
In Timothy Paul stated it as “ruling his household well”.
While his children are in his home and under his authority, they need to behave a certain way.
V. 7
Blameless is repeated here.
Why must a bishop or elder be blameless?
He is a steward of God! “Steward” is the Greek word οἰκονόμος (oikonomos) meaning steward; manager.
Administrator (supervisor) n. — one who supervises or has charge and direction of.
Noun (subject), accusative, singular, masculine.
Steward - οἰκονόμος (oikonomos)
When a man is appointed to serve as an elder, he is working under God as a supervisor.
Peter calls them under-shepherds.
He is looked up to and honored and he must strive to be a good representation of Christ!
He can’t be self-willed = stubborn.
Easily angered.
Not one who is addicted to alcohol.
Not violent - a cruel, brutal, bully.
Not greedy.
This word emphasizes money gained through disgraceful means.
These are all negative statements.
One of the things I love about this Titus account is that Paul follows the negative with some positives!
V. 8
I heard a speaker comment recently about the “buts” of Scripture.
Some are bigger than others.
In this verse the word “but” introduces contrast.
An elder is not to be the things listed in vv.
6-7.
However, He is to be the things listed in vv.
8-9.
Hospitable.
Loving strangers.
Treating people generously.
A lover of what is good.
This goes beyond just someone who enjoys seeing good prevail.
This is someone who actively pursues good.
Sober minded = self-controlled in regards to passions and desires.
Just = righteous.
His standards of morality and justice must be impeccable.
Holy = set apart.
An elder has separated himself from this world with the purpose of pleasing God.
Self-controlled = in regards to actions.
This description is of someone who is centered on Jesus Christ!
V. 9
This verse is one that I believe really defines what the role of the elder is.
Paul gives us four things that an elder must be.
An elder must be devoted to the Word of God.
“Holding fast” is the Greek word ἀντέχομαι (antechomai) meaning help; be devoted to.
To be devoted v. — to give oneself entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause.
Verb, present, either middle or passive, participle, singular, accusative, masculine.
Holding fast - ἀντέχομαι (antechomai)
Elders are to be men of the Word.
This is one of the primary qualifications.
What does it mean to be devoted to the Word?
How many men do you know who can name all the players on their favorite sports team?
Or they can tell you the horsepower and specs of the hottest cars.
Or the ballistic info on their favorite gun.
We are to know Scripture like that.
Where are the main sections, stories, doctrines.
What does it have to say about important topics?
This is what it means to be devoted to the Word!
An elder must be educated.
Either formal or informal.
Paul doesn't specify here.
An elder is to be a learner.
Someone who is constantly seeking to better their understanding of truth.
The elder needs to be taught the tenets of the faith.
This is with specific purpose.
The goal of this teaching is specified next.
An elder must have sound doctrine.
The goal of the elder being taught is that he can have sound doctrine.
“Sound” is the Greek word ὑγιαίνω (hygiainō) meaning healthy; be healthy; be sound.
to be correct ⇔ be healthy v. — to be correct or accurate, conceived as being free from infirmity or disease.
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