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Jan 6_Why Does It Matter That Christ Is Our High Priest?

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Why this passage

The author of this book, whom I firmly believe to be Paul, starts off with a strong statement:
CSB: Now the main point of what is being said is this
NKJV: Now this is the main point of the things we are saying
The New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982. Print.
KJV: Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum
KJV: Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum (the ESV is similar)
TPT: Now this is the crowning point of what we are saying (this translation is very paraphrase oriented).
What is he saying, this is why it matter! This is not the restatement of what he has said, this is the crowning point, or the apex, of what was said - why it matters. The Greek word means, a summary that enumerates the main parts of a topic.
.
capitulation n. — a summary that enumerates the main parts of a topic.
The author is drawing from the prior chapter and creating a contrast that is paramount in importance.
Preachers often do this in their conclusion of a sermon, it is taking what was said and why it matters.
Everything in the OT scriptures looked forward to Christ; this was captured in .
Hebrews 1:1–4 NKJV
God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
In chapter 7 Jesus is the ultimate priest and the ultimate sacrifice but in chapter 8 he goes further prior to his dialogue on the New Covenant, not only is the ministry of Christ superior in its priest, and superior in its sacrifice, He has a superior sanctuary.
captures the outcome of these truths in verses 1-6,
Hebrews 8:6 NKJV
But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
What we have in this passage is something called “typology.” To have you correctly understand what this is let me give you a definition, Typology is a method of biblical interpretation whereby an element found in the Old Testament is seen to prefigure one found in the New Testament. The initial one is called the type and the fulfillment is designated the antitype. Either type or antitype may be a person, thing, or event, but often the type is messianic and frequently related to the idea of salvation.
This book is dominated by typology
Chapter 3 - Moses delivering the people just as Christ delivers His people
Chapter 4 - the Sabbath is shown to be a shadow of the ultimate rest in Christ
Chapters 5-7 - Melchisedek is a prefigure of Christ and His roles
Chapter 7 - the Levitical High Priests were types and shadows, always failing, in accomplishing all that was asked of them. They did it again and again but Christ did it once for all. Christ is a better priest and a better sacrifice
Chapter 8 is a better ministry that occurs in a better sanctuary. Within these versus there are two primary contrasts: one is His location and the other is His posture.
The Old Covenant priests never sat in the sanctuary, because the work was not done.
Further more these versus speak of the frequency (to offer) - though they look the same (both are infinitives) we need to look at the text
For every high priest is appointed to offer: The offering of the Old Covenant priests is a present infinitive - an ongoing action never ending
For devery high priest is appointed to offer
d [; , ; ; ]; ;
The offering of the Old Covenant is a present infinitive - an ongoing action never ending
The offering of Christ is an aorist infinitive - a single action in point of time
Why?
Established by His unique location (v. 1-2)
Established by the finality of His atoning sacrifice (v. 1)
Further more these versus speak of the frequency (to offer) - though they look the same (both are infinitives) we need to look at the text
For every high priest is appointed to offer: The offering of the Old Covenant priests is a present infinitive - an ongoing action never ending (; , ; ; ; ; )
[; , ; ; ]; ;
For devery high
d [; , ; ; ]; ;
Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer: The offering of Christ is an aorist infinitive - a single action in point of time (;
e [; ]
The New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982. Print.
Posture - He is seated. His work was satisfactorily accomplished

A More Excellent Ministry Because of Its Location (v. 1-2)

A Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man (,
,
Hebrews 9:8–12 NKJV
the Holy Spirit indicating this, that the way into the Holiest of All was not yet made manifest while the first tabernacle was still standing. It was symbolic for the present time in which both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make him who performed the service perfect in regard to the conscience—concerned only with foods and drinks, various washings, and fleshly ordinances imposed until the time of reformation. But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.
Hebrews 9:24 NKJV
For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us;
This word for “sanctuary” is the word αγιος
b ,
1 Lit. holies
c ,
The New King James Version. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982. Print.
A More Excellent Ministry Because of Its Atoning Sacrifice (v. 3)
True = authentic
The Old Covenant tabernacle was a pattern after something greater and more powerful

A More Excellent Ministry Because of Where He Serves His People (v. 2)

True = authentic
Jesus is serving His people A More Excellent Ministry Because of Its Atoning Sacrifice (v. 3)
The Old Covenant tabernacle was a pattern after something greater and more powerful
Jesus is serving His people

A More Excellent Ministry Because of Its Atoning Sacrifice (v. 3)

In verse 3 the Old Covenant priests offered gifts and sacrifices (notice the plurality); but when it speaks of Christ it is a contrast in quantity (something)
Further more these versus speak of the frequency (to offer) - though they look the same (both are infinitives) we need to look at the text
For every high priest is appointed to offer: The offering of the Old Covenant priests is a present infinitive - an ongoing action never ending (; , ; ; ; ; )
Therefore it is necessary that this One also have something to offer: The offering of Christ is an aorist infinitive - a single action in point of time (; )

True = authentic
True = authentic
The Old Covenant tabernacle was a pattern after something greater and more powerful
The Old Covenant tabernacle was a pattern after something greater and more powerful
Jesus is serving His people
Jesus is serving His people
There are two comparisons
The tabernacle (v. 4-5)
If the tabernacle in the wilderness or the temple was where atonement was made, there is no room for Jesus in either of those structures. If this was really how men were made holy then we are in trouble; Jesus never tried to do the work of the priests in His time on Earth. He did not need to step into their role: what they did was a copy or shadow of what He has already done. He is the original - they were a copy and shadow. The tabernacle had value in what it typified - reading Exodus and Leviticus is not the most thrilling reading. Detail after detail, command after command; how could they have so much detail and requirement of detail unless it mimicked something else.
The covenant (v. 6)
He has a superior covenant and this is the point of verses 7-13, we will look at that passage next time.
He is a perfect priest who offered a perfect sacrifice and he is in a location to perfectly mediate between you and the Father. There is no other and if you continue in your rejection of Him you will seal your fate and die in your sins.
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