23 Search me, O God, and know my heart;
test me and know my anxious thoughts.
24 Point out anything in me that offends you,
and lead me along the path of everlasting life.
23 Search me, God, and know my heart;
test me and know my concerns.
24 See if there is any offensive way in me;
lead me in the everlasting way.
A. The omniscience of the Lord (139:1–6)
139:1. The theme of verses 1–6 is announced in the opening verse: the LORD knew David penetratingly. David said God’s knowledge came as if He had scoured every detail of David’s life and thus knew him intimately.
The daily activities of the psalmist were also thoroughly familiar to the Lord. The opposites of going out in the morning and lying down at night represent the whole day’s activities (another merism; cf. vv. 2, 8).
B. The omnipresence of the Lord (139:7–12)
139:7. The thought of such confining knowledge (vv. 1–6) may have prompted David’s desire to escape, as verses 7–12 suggest. This is indicated in verse 7 by two rhetorical questions: there is absolutely no place where he could escape from the presence of the Lord (cf. Jer. 23:24).
C. The omnipotence of the Lord (139:13–18)
The thought that darkness cannot conceal anyone from the Lord (vv. 11–12) brought to David’s mind this meditation in verses 13–18: God knew all about him when He created him in his mother’s womb. Verse 13 begins with “For,” indicating that this strophe (vv. 13–18) explains the preceding two strophes (vv. 1–6, 7–12): since God can create a person, He certainly knows him intimately and is with him everywhere.