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The assuming by God of human nature in the person of Jesus Christ. The incarnation is the fixed and permanent physical dwelling of God in his world, as opposed to the temporary manifestation of the divine presence and power in a theophany.

Notes & Transcripts

God the Son assumed human nature

John 1:14 LEB
14 And the Word became flesh and took up residence among us, and we saw his glory, glory as of the one and only from the Father, full of grace and truth.
See also ; ; ; ; ;

Jesus Christ’s incarnation involved a supernatural conception

Luke 1:35 LEB
35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore also the one to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.
See also ; ; The incarnation was such that the Son was the exact representation of the Father; ; ; ;

Jesus Christ Chist’s incarnation involved a virgin birth

Matthew 1:22–23 LEB
22 Now all this happened in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet would be fulfilled, saying, 23 “Behold, the virgin will become pregnant and will give birth to a son, and they will call his name Emmanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.”
See also ; ; ; ; ;

The cost of the incarnation

Philippians 2:6–7 LEB
6 who, existing in the form of God, did not consider being equal with God something to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself by taking the form of a slave, by becoming in the likeness of people. And being found in appearance like a man,
See also ; The incarnation involved Jesus Christ’s suffering.

The necessity of the incarnation

Romans 8:3 LEB
3 For what was impossible for the law, in that it was weak through the flesh, God did. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and concerning sin, he condemned sin in the flesh,
See also ; ; ; Only a person who is fully human and fully divine can be the effective mediator between God and humanity; ;
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