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Isaiah

Understanding the Prophets  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Background of Isaiah’s Ministry

He was the son of Amoz.
Some think that Amoz was the man mentioned in
Little is known about him.
Ministered during the reign of Judean kings, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah.
Isaiah’s reign corresponds with and
The period covered 739 - 700 BC
Isaiah was Uzziah’s cousin and Amaziah’s nephew.
Isaiah died a martyr during the reign of Manasseh, suffering the fate of being sewn in half ().
Isaiah was supposedly placed inside a tree and sewn in half. Another account says he was sewn in half by a wooden saw.
The Persian method hung men upside down by the ankles and started at the groin downward.
Who was Isaiah’s father?Amoz
Isaiah prophesied during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah .

Authorship and Date

The critical method has suggested that represents one book while 40-66 represents another book.
Another method has broken it down further, suggesting that 1-39 is book one, 40-55 is book 2, and 56-66 is book 3.
The most significant factor contributing to these superficial divisions is an anti-supernatural philosophical bias. Isaiah simply writes too accurately about future events and therefore, it could not have been composed in the 8th century.
The trend in recent scholarship is to treat the book as a whole based on the books literary and structural unity.

Outline of the Book

I. Oracles of Judgment and Hope (1-12)

II. Oracles against the Nations (13-23)

III. God’s Triumph over the Nations (24-27)

IV. Trusting God or the Nations (28-35)

V. Historical Transition (36-39)

VI. Oracles of Consolation (40-66)

The Theology of Isaiah

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