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Crucifixion (2)

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A most painful, cruel and protracted form of execution which involved the victim being roped or nailed to an elevated wooden cross. This form of execution was favoured by the Romans, who regarded it as a deterrent to political rebellion against the authority of Rome at the time of Jesus Christ.

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The method of crucifixion

The victim was scourged before crucifixion

John 19:1 ESV
Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him.
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The victim carried his cross

John 19:17 ESV
and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.

Jesus Christ, having already been scourged, was probably too weak to continue carrying the cross:

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The victim was fixed to the cross

Luke 23:33 ESV
And when they came to the place that is called The Skull, there they crucified him, and the criminals, one on his right and one on his left.
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A charge board was fixed to the cross

Matthew 27:37 ESV
And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, “This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.”

The victim’s sufferings were protracted

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OT prophecies concerning Jesus Christ’s crucifixion

Psalm 22:16–18 ESV
For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet— I can count all my bones— they stare and gloat over me; they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.

None of Jesus Christ’s bones will be broken:

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Jesus Christ’s predictions concerning the manner of his death

John 12:32–33 ESV
And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.” He said this to show by what kind of death he was going to die.
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Responsibility for the crucifixion ascribed to Jews and Gentiles alike

1 Corinthians 2:8 ESV
None of the rulers of this age understood this, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
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The crucifixion involved a curse

Deuteronomy 21:22–23 ESV
“And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. You shall not defile your land that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance.
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The crucifixion involved shame

Hebrews 12:2 ESV
looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.
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Believers are united with Jesus Christ in his crucifixion

Galatians 2:20 ESV
I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
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Crucifixion illustrates discipleship

Mark 8:34 ESV
And calling the crowd to him with his disciples, he said to them, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me.
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The crucifixion is remembered in glory

Revelation 5:6 ESV
And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, with seven horns and with seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.
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