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A Royal Priesthood

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Priesthood Nourished by the Word of God (v. 1-3)

1 Peter: An Introduction and Commentary 1. Be Nourished by the Lord through the Word (2:1–3)

No new sentence begins here in the Greek text, and the connection Peter intended is probably best preserved by the NASB: ‘Therefore, putting aside (v. 1) … long for the pure milk … (v. 2).’ Peter implies that ‘putting away’ unloving practices (v. 1) is necessary for spiritual growth (v. 2), for the two verses are part of one long command. Someone who is practising ‘deceit’ or ‘envy’ or ‘slander’ will not be able truly to long for ‘pure spiritual milk’.

1 Corinthians 3:2–3 ESV
I fed you with milk, not solid food, for you were not ready for it. And even now you are not yet ready, for you are still of the flesh. For while there is jealousy and strife among you, are you not of the flesh and behaving only in a human way?
1 Peter 1:22–23 ESV
Having purified your souls by your obedience to the truth for a sincere brotherly love, love one another earnestly from a pure heart, since you have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God;
1 Peter 1:22–25 ESV
Having purified your souls by your obedience to the truth for a sincere brotherly love, love one another earnestly from a pure heart, since you have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God; for “All flesh is like grass and all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass withers, and the flower falls, but the word of the Lord remains forever.” And this word is the good news that was preached to you.

Priesthood Honored with Believing Worship (v. 4-8)

We are God’s dwelling place and as Christians we are called to faithful, believing worship.
The New American Commentary: 1, 2 Peter, Jude (3) The Living Stone and Living Stones (2:4–10)

They are God’s dwelling place by the Spirit and his new priesthood. No internal contradiction is involved since Peter did not refer to believers as priests serving in a literal temple. The spiritual nature of the house does not draw our attention to its immateriality but to a temple inhabited by the Holy Spirit

Hebrews 13:7–16 ESV
Remember your leaders, those who spoke to you the word of God. Consider the outcome of their way of life, and imitate their faith. Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever. Do not be led away by diverse and strange teachings, for it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not by foods, which have not benefited those devoted to them. We have an altar from which those who serve the tent have no right to eat. For the bodies of those animals whose blood is brought into the holy places by the high priest as a sacrifice for sin are burned outside the camp. So Jesus also suffered outside the gate in order to sanctify the people through his own blood. Therefore let us go to him outside the camp and bear the reproach he endured. For here we have no lasting city, but we seek the city that is to come. Through him then let us continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that acknowledge his name. Do not neglect to do good and to share what you have, for such sacrifices are pleasing to God.

Priesthood Called to Faithful Proclamation (v. 9-10)

Romans 8:28–30 ESV
And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose. For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.
1 Peter: An Introduction and Commentary b. But You Are Joined with Christ to Be Blessed as the True People of God (2:9–10)

God’s purpose in redeeming us is not simply our own enjoyment but that we might glorify him, as Peter indicates by the word ‘that’ in the phrase that you may declare (cf. Isa. 43:7, 25; 48:9–11; Rev. 4:11).

1 Peter: An Introduction and Commentary b. But You Are Joined with Christ to Be Blessed as the True People of God (2:9–10)

To declare God’s excellencies is to speak of all he is and has done. Peter’s word for ‘declare’ is not used elsewhere in the New Testament, but is used several times in the Psalms to speak of praising God (Ps. 9:14; 71:15; 73:28; 79:13; 107:22; 119:13, 26). This purpose of redemption is too often thwarted by our silence or self-congratulatory pride, but even brief association with a Christian whose speech fulfils this purpose invariably refreshes our spirits.

Priesthood Encouraged to Dedicated Obedience (v. 11-12)

1 Peter: An Introduction and Commentary 1. Abstain from Following Sinful Passions (2:11)

Christians have no true home here on earth has been of comfort especially to those who spend years and even lifetimes away from their earthly homes in the service of Christ.

Because they are ‘aliens and exiles’ they should abstain from the passions of the flesh.

Romans 13:11–14 ESV
Besides this you know the time, that the hour has come for you to wake from sleep. For salvation is nearer to us now than when we first believed. The night is far gone; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light. Let us walk properly as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and sensuality, not in quarreling and jealousy. But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.
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