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Walking with Jesus  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  41:55
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PO - God’s highest gift should awaken man’s deepest gratitude.
INTRO -
EST - Today’s message comes from Mark’s description of time Jesus explains the new covenant.
ESS -
OSS -
TRANS -

What does it say?

Mark 14:22–25 ESV
And as they were eating, he took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, “Take; this is my body.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Truly, I say to you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.”

What does it mean?

Tremendous Thankfulness

Did Jesus give thanks or offer a blessing in Mark 14:22? What difference does it make?
I know some translations say “blessed,” but the better translation here is “gave thanks.”
See, the idea is not consecrating the elements, but one of giving God thanks for them.
There is always a lot to be thankful for if you take the time to look for it. For example, I’m standing here thinking how nice it is that wrinkles don’t hurt.
What does “Eucharist” mean when used to describe the Lord’s Supper?
We get our word “Eucharist” from the Greek word behind the statement “and when he had given thanks.”

Walking down the street, a man passes a house and notices a child trying to reach the doorbell. No matter how much the little guy stretches, he can’t make it. The man calls out, “Let me get that for you,” and he bounds onto the porch to ring the bell. “Thanks, mister,” says the kid. “Now let’s run.”

What should it say when Jesus, all powerful, all knowing, all present God, says “thank you?”
If given all power, knowledge, and presence would you and I be able to take the position of a foot washer, a servant, and always say “thank you?”
Let’s not forget that Jesus chooses to show us the true place for meekness is not burying our face in shame, but looking to our Heavenly Father and saying “thank you.”

Transitioning Testaments

How does Jesus apply the Passover meal to Himself?
Typically family passed the bread hand to hand to each guest in complete silence.
Contrary to custom, Jesus breaks this silence by interpreting the significance of the bread in terms of his own person.
Jesus’ words and actions were separate from the word spoken over the cup.
With the bread, Jesus is not referencing his psychical body, but to himself.
Jesus was saying “I am myself this bread” or “my person is this bread.”
Jesus pledges his personal presence with Christians to be recalled whenever bread is broken together.
It was not so much the breaking of the bread as it was the distribution which signifies Jesus presence with his people who gather for fellowship.
This was Jesus’ first gift, his pledge of presence in spite of his approaching death.
This first word anticipates the resurrection and abiding presence of the Lord at His Supper.
Following the meal the head of the household rises from his reclining position and urges others to, “Speak praises to our God, to whom belongs what we have eaten.”
Guests reply, “Praised be our God for the food we have eaten.”
Then the head of household would take the wine and water mix and pray a thanksgiving prayer concluding with the words:
May the All-merciful One make us worthy of the days of the Messiah and of the life of the world to come. He brings the salvation of his king. He shows covenant-faithfulness to his Anointed, to David and to his seed forever. He makes peace for us and for all Isreal. And say you, Amen.
Jesus relates the cup of red wine to the renewal of the covenant between God and his people.
The bread promises Jesus presence with his followers.
The blood references Jesus’ blood shed in the context of a covenant sacrifice.
The allusion is unmistakably to his violent death, the redness of the wine, and shed blood.
Yet the cup, whose wine represents Jesus’ blood, provides assurance to the disciples that they share in the new order inaugurated through his death.
The cup’s pledge is that when God’s people meet in table-fellowship, Jesus is present with the fulness of salvation achieved by his death to benefit many.
Jesus gives new meaning to the table fellowship interpreting the ancient liturgy in terms of his death.
Jesus institutes something new where the bread and wine of table fellowship are now his pledge of saving presence from then through the establishment of the Kingdom of God in its fullness.
Which of the four cups in a traditional Passover meal did Jesus use to signify His blood?
Verse 23 is the third Passover meal cup normally drank after the meal.
Again, Jesus gives thanks.
His words echo the words of Moses LXX:
Exodus 24:8 Brenton LXX En
And Moses took the blood and sprinkled it upon the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you concerning all these words.
Typically the Greek uses the word “testament” or “will,” but here it translates the Hebrew “covenant.”
It is that relationship of lordship and obedience which God establishes between Himself and man.
The blood, the wine of the cup, Jesus is noting is the sign by which it is effected.
The blood establishes that this covenant will be “poured out” referencing his death, for all the human race and noted by Calvin.
What does “blood of the covenant” mean?
Jesus expands on the meaning of the cup.
He says “This is the blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many.”
Jesus will fulfill the old covenant and establish a new one.
The animal sacrifices of the OT were perpetually carried out.
With the new covenant, once and for all, the sacrifice of Jesus takes aways sin and cleanses the heart and conscience.
Salvation no longer comes by way of the OT, but only by faith in Jesus.
Jeremiah prophesied of this day:
Jeremiah 31:31–34 ESV
“Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”
Do you know that today we can’t even mess up the covenant.
No matter what we do, we can’t mess up what Jesus put into place.
This covenant made in Christ’s blood is so perfect that it has the power of God himself keeping it from being broken.

Terrific Tradition

Which of the four cups in a traditional Passover meal did Jesus not drink? Why not?
There is discussion of how many cups were used by Jesus.
In either case, the last one, the 3rd or 4th, followed thanksgiving for the bread.
The custom was to pass on cup around to each person.
At some point in the first century four cups came to be used.
Jesus was part of the three cup tradition, so no 4th cup.
Sometimes traditions are a burden like prohibiting progress, doing outdated practices, or creating inability to function in the future. However, the tradition of celebrating and remembering Jesus as a present person at every Lord’s Supper has meaning to every Christian who ever stepped up to participate and with the right spirit.

What is God asking from me?

Jesus gives the traditional Passover meal a new and special meaning.
The bread now symbolizes the sacrifice of Jesus’ body.
The wine now symbolizes Jesus’ atoning blood.
God spared the firstborns by using death and blood of the Passover lamb and now, in the same way God liberates Jesus followers sparing us by his death and blood.
Let’s thank God for his provision in Christ Jesus and for the forgiveness of our sins.
Observe the Lord’s Supper while reading:
Mark 14:22–26 ESV
And as they were eating, he took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to them, and said, “Take; this is my body.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and they all drank of it. And he said to them, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Truly, I say to you, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
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