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Call Upon the Name of the LORD

BBBI - OT101.1 - Genesis I  •  Sermon  •  Submitted   •  Presented   •  1:02:14
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The central lesson deals with true and false worship, true and false approaches to God. (POSB)

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Introduction:

...this is a significant passage of Scripture. The central lesson deals with true and false worship, true and false approaches to God. The lesson centers around the first two children born upon earth, Cain and Abel. Note how Scripture just covers the overall scenes of their lives. In one brief statement or description, whole periods of their lives are covered. Our minds thirst and reach out for more information, but the Holy Spirit has given us only this brief record. But note how much information is given when we closely observe each statement and description, and in some cases, the words.
Main Thought:
this is a significant passage of Scripture. The central lesson deals with true and false worship, true and false approaches to God. The lesson centers around the first two children born upon earth, Cain and Abel. Note how Scripture just covers the overall scenes of their lives. In one brief statement or description, whole periods of their lives are covered. Our minds thirst and reach out for more information, but the Holy Spirit has given us only this brief record. But note how much information is given when we closely observe each statement and description, and in some cases, the words.
Sub-intro:
[Leadership Ministries Worldwide, Genesis (Chapters 1–11), vol. I, The Preacher’s Outline & Sermon Bible (Chattanooga, TN: Leadership Ministries Worldwide, 1996), 197.]
Body:

I. Cain Murders Abel - The Strength of Sin ().

A. Adam's Family Grows & Works ().

1. Eve Bears Cain the Tiller ().

Genesis 4:1 KJV 1900
And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord.
Eve may have believed that Cain was the promised seed of
Cain was a confirmation of hope
a. “Adam knew Eve his wife” - sharing information
There is far more to the sexual union than just a physical act
This union is such an intimate aspect of our lives that it must be protected with a tall, covenantal fence all the way around it.
God’s boundaries are for our good
d.
b. Cain means “an acquisition” - Cain proved to be talented, prideful and rebellious
a
Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord—that is, “by the help of the Lord”—an expression of pious gratitude—and she called him Cain, that is, “a possession,” as if valued above everything else; while the arrival of another son reminding Eve of the misery she had entailed on her offspring, led to the name Abel, that is, either weakness, vanity (), or grief, lamentation. Cain and Abel were probably twins; and it is thought that, at this early period, children were born in pairs () [Calvin].
[Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, vol. 1 (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997), 20.]
Eve may have believed that Cain was the promised seed of
Cain was a confirmation of hope

2. Eve Bears Abel the Shepherd ().

Genesis 4:2 KJV 1900
And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Abel means “breath” or “vapor” - Abel proved faithful & obedient
Application:
a
Abel was a herdsman and Cain a farmer. Note several facts.
First, their profession met the very basic needs of man: that of clothing and of food. Their chosen professions were honorable and contributed to meeting the needs of the family and society.
Second, they had learned their profession from their father. Remember, God Himself had shown Adam how to clothe his family with the skins of animals (), and God had instructed Adam to till the ground (, ). As the father, he had apparently taught his sons to work diligently.
Thought 1. Two great lessons are seen in the profession and work of the two sons.
1) Our profession—in fact, all professions—should always be for the good and betterment of man, to meet the very basic needs of man’s life. We should never be engaged in any profession that damages, destroys, tears down, or hurts man or society.
2) Parents should always teach their children to work and to work diligently. And they should always teach their children to choose an honorable profession, never to work at anything that hurts or destroys life. (See the industries involved in alcohol, drugs, immorality, and crime.) Every child—every person—should always make whatever contribution he can to life and society. Everyone of us owes life and society this, just for the privilege of living in such a beautiful and wonderful universe. - [POSB, 199.]
• to the dishonorable and destructive professions that some of us have chosen
• to our allowing some legitimate industries to pollute and destroy our environment and the quality of our lives
• to our not working diligently enough to do all we can for life and society - [POSB, 199.]
[POSB, 199.]

B. Adam's Family Worships ().

The Religion of Cain & Abel

1. The Day of Their Offerings ().

Genesis 4:3–4 KJV 1900
And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering:
Genesis 4:3 KJV 1900
And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord.
in process of timeHebrew, “at the end of days,” probably on the Sabbath. [JFB, 20.]
in process of timeHebrew, “at the end of days,” probably on the Sabbath. [JFB, 20.]
[JFB, 20.]
God had evidently instructed the way of offerings (implied)
Abel complied because he had faith
Cain refused because he had no faith
1 John 3:12 KJV 1900
Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.
Cain was “of that wicked one”
a. Cain brought an offering from his crops
b. Abel brought an offering from his flocks
a
But note this: it could also refer to the first time Cain and Abel worshipped on their own, apart from their parents. It may refer to the day when the two sons cut the apron strings—so to speak—and became men on their own and began to approach and worship God on their own. This may be the first time the two sons approached God independent of their parents.
⇒ The specific place is indicated by the fact that both Cain and Abel “brought” their offering to a particular place for worship. Where was that place? Again, Scripture does not say, and to guess is just that, a guess. - [POSB, 199.]
[POSB, 199.]
Lesson - Genuine Faith will bring the prescribed works of God

2. The Response of Jehovah ().

Genesis 4:4 KJV 1900
And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering:

a. Abel Respected ().

Note that both the PERSON & the OFFERING were either accepted or rejected
a
The words, “had respect to,” signify in Hebrew,—“to look at any thing with a keen earnest glance,” which has been translated, “kindle into a fire,” so that the divine approval of Abel’s offering was shown in its being consumed by fire (see ; ). [JFB, 20.]
JFB, 20.]

b. Cain Not Respected ().

Cain responds with anger
Genesis 4:5 KJV 1900
But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

C. Jehovah Confronts Cain's Choleric Countenance ().

1. Cain responds with extreme anger ().
2. Why did God reject one and accept the other?
a. Without faith, we cannot please God
Hebrews 11:4–6 KJV 1900
By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh. By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
Hebrews 11:4 KJV 1900
By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.
Heb. 11:6
Hebrews 11:6 KJV 1900
But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
b. Even the most perfect sacrifices are rejected by God when offered with a wicked heart
Isaiah 1:11–13 KJV 1900
To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Lord: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; And I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. When ye come to appear before me, Who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; The new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; It is iniquity, even the solemn meeting.
Hosea 6:6 KJV 1900
For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; And the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
Hos.
Micah 6:6–8 KJV 1900
Wherewith shall I come before the Lord, And bow myself before the high God? Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, With calves of a year old? Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, Or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; And what doth the Lord require of thee, But to do justly, and to love mercy, And to walk humbly with thy God?
Psalm 50:8–15 KJV 1900
I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices Or thy burnt offerings, to have been continually before me. I will take no bullock out of thy house, Nor he goats out of thy folds. For every beast of the forest is mine, And the cattle upon a thousand hills. I know all the fowls of the mountains: And the wild beasts of the field are mine. If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: For the world is mine, and the fulness thereof. Will I eat the flesh of bulls, Or drink the blood of goats? Offer unto God thanksgiving; And pay thy vows unto the most High: And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
Ps.
Psalm 51:16–17 KJV 1900
For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: Thou delightest not in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: A broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Ps. 51:
Proverbs 15:8 KJV 1900
The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord: But the prayer of the upright is his delight.
c. Cain refused to meet God’s specifications, which included the shedding of blood
Leviticus 17:11 KJV 1900
For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.
Hebrews 9:22 KJV 1900
And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
Application:
Remember: the sacrifice pointed toward Christ, His sacrifice upon the cross for the sins of men. Abel might not have known the full revelation of Christ, but he believed that God accepted the sacrifice of the innocent life as a substitute for him. He believed, even as his father Adam believed, that God accepted the sacrifice …
• as bearing his sins for him
• as suffering the judgment of his sins for him, the judgment of death
“For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” ().
“Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed” ().
“For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit” (). - [POSB, 200.]
POSB, 200.]
3. God Graciously Confronts Cain Concerning His Sin ().
Genesis 4:6–7 KJV 1900
And the Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.
a. God asks Cain to assess himself and his offering
Space to repent
If Cain would change his heart and do right in faith and obedience, he would be acce
b. God promises Cain that if he does right, he will be accepted
c. God warned Cain that if he rejects God’s grace, “sin lieth at the door”
If he would not repent, then sin would crouch like a lion to devour him
God is speaking about sin like a wild beast lying at the door waiting to attack the one who opens it

D. Cain the Tiller Becomes Cain the Killer ().

Genesis 4:8 KJV 1900
And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
Gen. 4:8
Note Cain’s silence. No response is mentioned. Apparently, he never responded to God. He chose to continue on in his sin of false worship, of approaching God as he wished. He just continued to reject sacrifice as the only approach to God. - [POSB, 203.]
Note Cain’s silence. No response is mentioned. Apparently, he never responded to God. He chose to continue on in his sin of false worship, of approaching God as he wished. He just continued to reject sacrifice as the only approach to God. - [POSB, 203.]
[POSB, 203.]
To satisfy his own envy boiled into anger, Cain killed his brother
And Cain talked with Abel his brother—Under the guise of brotherly familiarity, he concealed his premeditated purpose till a convenient time and place occurred for the murder (; ). [JFB, 20.]
And Cain talked with Abel his brother—Under the guise of brotherly familiarity, he concealed his premeditated purpose till a convenient time and place occurred for the murder (; ). [JFB, 20.]
Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, vol. 1 (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997), 20.]
Christ reminds us of that first wicked act of murder
Matthew 23:35 KJV 1900
That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.
Luke 11:51 KJV 1900
From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.
The book of Jude groups Cain’s sin with those of Balaam and Korah
Jude 11 KJV 1900
Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.

E. Jehovah Confronts Cain's Crime & Curse ().

1. The Initial Interrogation ().

Genesis 4:9 KJV 1900
And the Lord said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s keeper?
“I know not...” — Cain responds to God with an arrogant and boldfaced lie
“Am I my brother’s keeper?” — Cain responds to God with absolute sarcasm

2. The Infallible Evidence ().

Genesis 4:10 KJV 1900
And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.

3. The Investigation Concluded - Cain Cursed! ().

Genesis 4:11–12 KJV 1900
And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand; When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
The land would no longer yield to Cain (that is, he would have to depend on the charity of others, and yet be known as a murderer)

4. Cain's Worldly Sorrow ().

Genesis 4:13–14 KJV 1900
And Cain said unto the Lord, My punishment is greater than I can bear. Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
every one that findeth me shall slay me—This shows that the population of the world was now considerably increased. [JFB, 20.]
every one that findeth me shall slay me—This shows that the population of the world was now considerably increased. [JFB, 20.]
Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, vol. 1 (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997), 20.]

5. Justice Belongs to Jehovah ().

Genesis 4:15 KJV 1900
And the Lord said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
Jehovah’s mark upon Cain is a mark of God’s protection

6. Cain's Corruption & Expulsion ().

Genesis 4:16 KJV 1900
And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
This begins the sad account of man’s “De-evolution”
Proverbs 13:15 KJV 1900
Good understanding giveth favour: But the way of transgressors is hard.
Application:
a
The person or society that turns away from God will always be restless and rootless. No person or society will know true peace until it turns to God. The reason is this: a person or society who lives only a secular life—who lives only for this world—has only what this world offers, and there is no escape from this world. Part of what this secular world offers is …
• restlessness and rootlessness
• brevity and shortness of life
• sickness and disease
• accident and suffering
• pain and hurt
• corruption and death
The secular world can offer some comfort, pleasure, money, position, recognition, honor, and security. But none of this is permanent; none of it arises beyond this earth. When one of the terrible tragedies of life strikes us, and sooner or later tragedy strikes every one of us, that is it. We are left only with what the secular world can give us. And the help of the secular world is limited, and it ends quickly. All the help of earth ends, and when it does, we are left without hope and help beyond this life. We are left without God—all because we as individuals and societies chose to live secular, ungodly lives.
The soul knows this, knows it down deep within. This is the reason the soul is always restless and rootless—never at peace and never settled—when it seeks only the secular life of this world. The things of this world can never satisfy the soul of man. The soul was made for God; therefore, the soul can never rest nor be rooted until it rests and is rooted in God.
“In the morning thou shalt say, Would God it were even! and at even thou shalt say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see” ().
“For what hath man of all his labour, and of the vexation of his heart, wherein he hath laboured under the sun? For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity” ().
“There is no peace, saith the Lord, unto the wicked” ().
“But the wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt” ().
“The way of peace they know not; and there is no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths; whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace” ().
“Our necks are under persecution: we labour, and have no rest” ().
“Destruction cometh; and they shall seek peace, and there shall be none” (). - [POSB, 211–212.]
[POSB, 211–212.]

II. Cain's Carnal Expansion ().

A. Cain's Family Grows & Works ().

1. Cain, the Proud Father & City Founder ().

Genesis 4:17 KJV 1900
And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.

2. Cain's Pious & Proud Progeny (Gen. 4:18-22).

a. Piously Religious ().
Genesis 4:18 KJV 1900
And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.
What's in a Name?
a
The parents gave their children meaningful names. The great Pulpit Commentary gives the meaning of several different names as follows:
Irad meant townsman, citizen, the ornament of a city. He was, perhaps, a leader who brought honor to his hometown.
Mehujael meant smitten of God, the purified or formed of God. Note that the name of Mehujael ends in “el,” which is the name of God, Elohim.
Methusael meant man of God. Note that his name ends with “el,” the name for God as well.
Lamech meant strong youth, man of prayer or youth.
The names given the children suggest that the ungodly seed were religious, but their religion was only …
• a worldly religion
• a secular religion
• a humanistic, man-made religion
In the words of James Montgomery Boice,
It is the kind of religion Cain chose by his aesthetically pleasing sacrifice. It is all too common today—a religion of beautiful liturgies, words, and music but without the promise of God’s forgiveness of sin through the shed blood of Jesus Christ.[3]
It was the same false worship and religion that Cain had chosen and practiced that led to his tragic fall (see outline and notes—).
“Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away” ().
Matthew Henry says:
They will assume the form of godliness … but they will not submit to the power of it, to take away their sin. Observe here:
Men may be very bad and wicked … they may be lovers of themselves … yet have a form of godliness.
A form of godliness is a very different thing from the power of it; men may have the one and be wholly destitute of the other.…
From such good Christians must withdraw themselves.[4]
[3 James Montgomery Boice. Genesis, Vol. 1, p. 212.]
[4 Matthew Henry’s Commentary, Vol. 5, p. 844.]
[POSB, 213.]
b. Prodigal Genius' ().
1) Genius in Ranching & Agriculture ().
Genesis 4:20 KJV 1900
And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.
2) Genius in Entertainment & Society ().
Genesis 4:21 KJV 1900
And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.
3) Genius in Industry & Innovation ().
Genesis 4:22 KJV 1900
And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

B. Cain's Corrupt Inheritance (, ).

1. God's Institution of Marriage Defiled ().

Genesis 4:19 KJV 1900
And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
a. Lamech’s Lust-Driven Polygamy
b. The OT constantly reminds us of the serious consequences of polygamy

2. God's Justice System Defied ().

Genesis 4:23–24 KJV 1900
And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; Ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: For I have slain a man to my wounding, And a young man to my hurt. If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, Truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
Note Lamech’s justification of violence
Cain - “Avenge seven times”
Gen. 4:
Genesis 4:15 KJV 1900
And the Lord said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
Lamech - “Avenge seventy-seven times”
Genesis 4:24 KJV 1900
If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, Truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
Jesus - “Forgive seventy times seven!”
Matthew 18:21–22 KJV 1900
Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven.
Mat. 18:21-22
The First Poem in the Bible

III. Seth & His Godly Heritage - The Appointed One ().

A. Eve's Testimony Concerning Seth ().

Genesis 4:25 KJV 1900
And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.
Note the preservation of the Messianic Line - it is a principle throughout Genesis that God often sets aside the firstborn in order to elevate the second-born (or third, or fourth, etc.)
Seth was not the firstborn
Shem was not the firstborn
Abraham was not the firstborn
Jacob was not the firstborn
Judah was not the firstborn
Ephraim was not the firstborn
Firstborn - begotten of man = the strength (really the weakness) of man (the First Adam)
Christ however is the “First-begotten” and the “only begotten Son” - conceived of the Holy Ghost = the power of God (the Second Adam)
The first shall be last, and the last shall be first

B. The Testimony of Seth's Sons ().

Genesis 4:26 KJV 1900
And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord.
“then began men to call upon the name of the LORD” - lit. to call themselves by the name of the LORD.

Conclusion:

We close with a timely summary from the Bible Knowledge Commentary:
The spread of godless civilization (4:17–26)
the spread of godless civilization (4:17–26)
The narrative now traces the line of Cain to its full development. What becomes of a society that rebels against God and leaves the land of blessing in angry defiance of His laws and His sacrifices? In this case it prospers. But the righteous should neither envy the wicked nor follow their way of life (; ). God allows them to prosper in their earthbound way. They produce music, weapons, agricultural devices, and cities—culture. It is their only recourse in a bitter, cursed world.
Not so are the righteous. Some who traced their lineage to Seth, the replacement of Abel, began to make proclamation in the name of the Lord. These—and Noah, and Abram, among others—declared the truth to their generations. Some people—though only a remnant—do not go overboard in living an affluent “good life” but are concerned with things spiritual. Israel should trace her ancestry to Enosh (), in spirit and in fact.
4:17–18. Cain’s family began in Nod (v. 16). The name “Nod” (nôḏ) is related to the words for “restless wanderer” (nā‘ wānāḏ, v. 14). It was the land of fugitives from God. Here Cain fathered a child, Enoch, and named a city after him. (No doubt Cain’s wife was a daughter of Adam; cf. 5:4.)
4:19–24. The seventh from Adam through Cain was Lamech (probably a contemporary of the righteous Enoch, also seventh from Adam, 5:3–21). Lamech altered the plan of God and married two women. His family produced musical instruments (the harp and flute) and implements (tools out of bronze and iron) to make life enjoyable.
But in spite of this prosperous good life, evil was advancing ominously. Lamech slew a youthful warrior who wounded him and demanded greater leniency in any vengeance that might come his way than that afforded to Cain (4:24). Lamech boasted about the murder (the word killed in v. 23 is hāraḡ, “to slay, to slaughter,” the same word used of Cain’s murder of Abel, vv. 8, 25). So here is a picture of an affluent society defying God and His laws, seeking pleasure and self-indulgence. Into this world Israel (and later the church) would come as a kingdom of priests to proclaim God’s righteousness.
4:25–26. In strong contrast with this godless society were the righteous. In the line from Seth there was faith. Seth himself was a provision from God, according to Eve’s statement of faith. In the days of Enosh, Seth’s son, men began to call on (better, “proclaim”) the name of the Lord (Yahweh).
[Allen P. Ross, “Genesis,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 34–35.]
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