Holy Spirit as Sealer
Holy Spirit as Sealer
21 And it is God who establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, 22 and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee.
The participle does not here express antecedent action, as though the Gentiles believed and then subsequently were sealed with the Holy Spirit. Rather, the believing and being sealed were two sides of the one event. A similar conjunction with the same verb form is found in Acts 19:2, where Paul asks a group of ‘disciples’ at Ephesus if they received the Holy Spirit when they believed
In speaking of the Holy Spirit as a seal the notions of ownership and protection are in view. Cattle, and even slaves, were branded with a seal by their masters to indicate to whom they belonged. Owners thus guarded their property against theft; in this sense the seal was a protecting sign or a guarantee. In the Old Testament God set a sign on his chosen ones to distinguish them as his own possession and to keep them from destruction (Ezek. 9:4–6). The figure of sealing is used by Paul in relation to the Spirit at 2 Corinthians 1:22: ‘God has made them his inviolable possession; the pledge of this is the Spirit of God in the heart’. By giving Gentile believers the Spirit, God ‘seals’ or stamps them as his own now, and he will be protect them through the trials and testings of this life (cf. 6:10–18) until he takes final possession of them (cf. v. 14) on ‘the day of redemption’ (4:30).
9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10
5 Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; 6 and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”
he accomplishes (energountos) or ‘energizes’ all things; then his counsel or determined plan (boulē; cf. Acts 2:23; 4:28; 13:36; 20:27); then his wish or will (thelēma; see on vv. 5 and 9).