Communion: A Marriage Covenant
The Bride of Christ
Communion: Part of the wedding Convent
First-century Jewish marriages began with a betrothal period that normally lasted about a year. During this time, the couple was considered married and referred to as husband and wife even though they did not yet live together or consummate the marriage. These betrothals were legally binding, such that if someone died during this phase of the marriage, the surviving spouse was considered a widow or widower.
The New Testament uses this betrothal language in describing Jesus and the Church in 2 Corinthians 11:2–3. The Church is presently betrothed to the Lamb while awaiting the marriage and wedding feast upon Christ’s return (Rev 19:7–9). At that time, Jesus will present His pure, faithful bride to Himself (Eph 5:27).